Waste sorting business plan (waste sorting complex)

Oils and their development

In the process of using oils, oil products are enriched with side compounds, such as:

  • sludge ;
  • soot ;
  • water;
  • mechanical inclusions;
  • oxidation products.

At the same time, due to the addition of special components, all impurities are in a state of balance, which eliminates a negative impact on the performance of the product. However, at the end of the life of the additives, sedimentation of the suspension occurs, which can lead to the failure of engines that are exposed to used oils.

Oil properties are restored by means of special cleaning, after which oil products can be used for various purposes:

  • as fluids for hydraulic devices;
  • in wood processing as an antifungal agent;
  • fuel for stoves or diesel.

To preserve the properties of recovered petroleum products, it is recommended to store them in a closed container in order to prevent the ingress of ultraviolet rays, which provoke the precipitation of suspended matter.

Please contact if you have any additional questions about heating equipment from "ENAVEL"!

Complex purification of transformer oil using ENAVEL plants includes three processes:

1. filtration, removal of mechanical impurities

Let's talk about each of these processes, stages in more detail.

How is the filtration of transformer oil in installations from "ENAVEL"

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Conventional garden shredders, which are good for chopping branches, do not do well with green matter such as leaves, tops and grass.

Therefore, gardening equipment manufacturers have created a special class of devices that are ideal for the disposal of leaves and grass.

In this article we will talk about the principle of operation of such devices, as well as highlight the best models.

In addition, we will talk about other devices that are not marketed as grass and leaf choppers, but are well suited for the job.

What is the difference between chopping garden waste and chopping wood?

To answer this question, you need to understand how green mass differs from wood. The fibers of even freshly cut wood are very tough, and are also firmly connected to each other, therefore, a great effort is required to influence them.

When a knife passes through wood, it chops it, because the fibers cannot bend after it.

With green mass, the situation is different - even dry tops, not to mention grass and leaves, are so mobile that they are wound on dividing / cutting knives, which is why in ordinary garden shredders it is necessary to chop green mass only together with branches.

The latter, due to their rigidity, clean the knives by pushing the chopped green mass through the disc slots. Therefore, the disposal of green mass in garden shredders is ineffective, because a relatively slowly rotating knife does not cut, but crumples and winds it around itself.

For effective chopping of leaves, grass and tops, the impact speed must be much higher so that due to inertia, the fibers do not have time to bend and wrap around the cutting element.

In addition, the size of the holes for the exit of the chopped mass should be much larger so that the chopped leaves and grass can fall through, being located not only vertically, but also horizontally.

Bark and knot grinder

The most suitable choice for a garden would be equipment capable of processing branches, twigs, tree bark. It must be powerful, have a reliable cutting system that can handle even tough branches.

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2-TP vodkhoz is a form of environmental statistical reporting that contains information on the water use of an economic entity. As a rule, this reporting form is filled out by water users who, in the course of their activities, discharge hazardous substances into water bodies.

In this material, we will try to consider in more detail the specifics of filling out and reporting 2-TP vodkhoz.

  • General information
  • Who needs 2-TP vodkhoz?
  • What does the 2-TP vodkhoz form contain?
  • Deadlines for submitting the report
  • Where to submit reports?
  • How to fill out the report form by yourself?

General information

Form 2-TP vodkhoz "Information on water use" approved by the order of Rosstat "On the approval of statistical tools for the organization by Rosvodresursy of federal statistical observation on water use" dated 19. 0. 009 No. 230. The result of filling out the form is a report ...

In accordance with N 74-ФЗ dated 03. 6. 006 "Water Code of the Russian Federation", water users whose activities are accompanied by negative impact on water bodies must conduct regular monitoring of water bodies, as well as carry out accounting for the volume and quality of water use. Note that the formation of the report does not depend on the method of water use. The results of this observation are submitted to the authorized supervisory authority.

Who needs TP vodkhoz?

Report respondents are divided into groups:

1. Legal entities and individual entrepreneurs engaged in agricultural activities (with a daily withdrawal of water in the amount of 150 m3 of water or more within the framework of their activities); 2. Legal entities and individual entrepreneurs whose activities are not accompanied by agricultural work (subject to exceeding the daily water withdrawal standards (50 m3 or more) and water intake (300 m3 or more)).

In addition, water users whose activities are accompanied by the discharge of wastewater into water bodies and the use of recycled water supply with a capacity of 5 thousand m3 per day (regardless of the volume of water intake) are considered reporting.

The above restrictions on water use can be reduced, taking into account local conditions, by the territorial bodies of Rosvodresursy.

You also have the right to appeal the decision of the licensing authority both out of court and in court.

It is reasonable to file a complaint if the licensing authority:

  • violates the deadline for registering your application or the deadline for issuing the permission itself;
  • requests documents that are not provided for by current legislation;
  • requires additional fees for the provision of services;
  • refuses to correct his shortcomings in the documents.

You can send the corresponding complaint to the licensing authority. It must be reviewed within a period not exceeding 15 working days. As a result, a decision is made either to satisfy the specified requirements, or not. If you refuse, you can go to court.

Obligations of the licensee

And now, you are the happy owner of a permit to handle scrap metal. Now, on a completely legal basis, you have the right to carry out a complex of work on the procurement of this raw material, processing, storage and sale.

Note that the implementation of activities in these areas, in turn, imposes obligations. It is quite reasonable that the work on the procurement, processing and sale of ferrous and non-ferrous metal scrap burdens the licensee with the obligation to comply with certain requirements. And if these conditions are violated, there are high risks of being brought to administrative responsibility. And there are judicial precedents ...

When do you need a license

Before proceeding directly with the requirements for obtaining a license, you need to understand whether you need it. To answer this question, let us turn to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 12.2.012 No. 1287. According to him, licenses are required for:

  • Any enterprise whose purpose is the processing, storage and sale of scrap metal.
  • Firms submitting applications for participation in a tender indirectly related to scrap metal and its processing.
  • When reselling copper and aluminum wire.

Companies whose scrap metal is a product of their own production do not need a license. This includes metalworking plants, metal dismantling firms and other companies whose business activities are not aimed at reselling scrap metal.

Conditions for receiving

Modern practice confirms his words. Garbage recycling is a very profitable business, and the following indicators confirm this fact:

  • Processing companies are not so common, and there are plenty of raw materials.
  • The entrepreneur has the ability to take various types of garbage in an organized manner.
  • High profitability is ensured by the possibility of recycling waste and converting it into secondary raw materials.

Pros and cons of the activity

The relevance of this business can be seen in almost every aspect, from the fact that it has a positive effect on the environmental situation, and ending with the fact that the result gives a large profit to the owner.

The positive aspects include:

  • support of local authorities (this area is very poorly funded, and the local administration is obliged to ensure cleanliness, therefore, we can safely count on the support of such an idea and help with finding industrial premises);
  • unlimited volume of raw materials;
  • if there is no way to get involved with the expensive and time-consuming process of creating a waste recycling plant, then you can limit yourself to building a workshop, which will cost several times cheaper, and will bring decent profit.

Despite the many positive aspects, entrepreneurs may have some problems related to the delivery and sorting of garbage. The correct approach to these questions will certainly lead you to an adequate solution.

An interesting story about this field of activity in the conditions of Russia - in the following video:

What trash can be dealt with and what is most profitable

So, let's look at the most common options:

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