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Arbolite block bath

Arbolite blocks consist of wood chips and shavings with concrete. Thanks to such combinations, the building material is not only strong and durable, but also has a high coefficient of thermal insulation, which is very important in a steam room. Wood concrete baths are characterized as very warm, the required temperature in it is kept longer than in stone or made of wood.

Is it possible to build a bath from wood concrete blocks

Arbolite blocks have both fans and negative-minded conservatives. But it is possible and even necessary to build paired rooms from this material.

Such blocks have a number of undoubted advantages, they are:

Arbolite has mechanical strength and is not affected by rodents, mold, rot. The weight of one block is small, so the construction of a bath will not take much time and effort.

Attention! Many people believe that the presence of wood chips in the wood-concrete blocks reduces the fire resistance, but this is not the case.

Factory tests and builders' experience confirm that wood concrete blocks can easily withstand open fire for a long time.

The porous structure is a huge advantage of wood concrete blocks over concrete counterparts or bricks. Thanks to this structure, it is possible to maintain the required temperature inside the room without using additional heaters. A particularly important characteristic of this building material is its naturalness, which is very important in a bath. Under the influence of high temperatures and moisture, harmful substances will not be released from the walls of the bath, since all the components of the wood concrete are of organic origin. The high quality of the blocks can be confirmed by their popularity and incredibly high sales.

Additional materials

You can buy wood concrete in a ready-made form or make it yourself, having studied the composition, production technology.


The components that make up the wood concrete are of natural origin:

Bath on a columnar foundation - design features and technological nuances

A columnar base is a group of separately located vertical supports that take the mass of the structure installed on them and are mounted on areas with increased loads:

  • the corner zones of the joint of the main walls of the future structure;
  • the points of mutual intersection of the outer walls and inner partitions.

Depending on the manufacturing method, the base for the bath is formed in the following versions:

  • monolithic. a solid base of concrete reinforced with steel rods, characterized by the absence of joints and increased strength;
  • prefabricated. the remaining structure is quickly assembled, consists of stones or bricks connected with cement mortar.

The degree of column immersion in the ground is determined by the level of freezing. Supports are performed:

  • buried below the depth of freezing of the soil by 0.5-1 m;
  • shallow with immersion in the soil by 0.4-0.7 m. / li >

The pillars for this type of foundation can be constructed from various materials

If a bathhouse is being built on a columnar foundation, pay special attention to the following points:

  • the spacing between vertically arranged elements is from one and a half to two and a half meters;
  • the distance between the columns decreases with increasing force on the elements of the supporting structure;
  • changing the size of the pillars depending on the strength of the building material used for the supporting columns;
  • the base rises above the zero mark at a distance of 0.2-0.5 meters, it is planned according to the level, waterproofed with roofing material;
  • compacted gravel-sand bedding 20 cm thick is a reliable base for supports installed below the level of soil freezing;
  • filling the space between the columns with sand or crushed stone and then connecting the supports with concrete, stone or brick walls prevents access moisture, reliably retains the warmth of the room.

The following events precede the construction of the base for the bathhouse:

  • Settlement stage. is the basis for further work. Includes determination of soil type, depth of groundwater and level of freezing.
  • Preparatory work. Consider leveling the site for the construction of a structure with the removal of all vegetation and the removal of the fertile soil layer.
  • Site markup. The preliminary developed plan is transferred to the construction site using a cord, pegs, a level and a tape measure.
  • Extract soil. exists according to preliminary calculations for the installation depth of support structures with an excess of the freezing depth by 50 cm.

It is not difficult to fill the strip foundation under the bath with your own hands.

Strip foundation marking for the bath

The site for the bath must be prepared: remove foreign objects and remove the top layer of earth, level the site. If there are no geodetic instruments, you can use the usual building level to check the horizontal level of the site, or better the hydro level - it will not allow you to make a mistake.

Next, you need to mark the site. To do this, you can use a theodolite, or do it with ropes and pegs.

Start marking from the inner outline of the building:

  • mark one of the sides of the bath (two pegs along the edges and a rope stretched between them);
  • determine the angles at 90 ° and lay the lengths of the perpendicular sides with a tape measure, drive in pegs;
  • check the diagonals of the resulting rectangle - they should be the same, if the lengths match, pull the ropes between the pegs, if not, check the accuracy of the angles and side lengths again;

The inner perimeter is ready. Further, in parallel to it, mark the outer contour of the foundation. Its width should be 10 cm wider than the width of the future walls. The next stage is the marking of the internal partitions. After completing the markup, you can start land work.

If you plan to put a stone oven in the bathhouse or brick an iron oven, you will need a foundation for the oven. And it is desirable to make it at the same time as the foundation for the structure.


In order not to understand complex technical information, two groups of concrete components can be distinguished:

  • Stone skeleton. Compound of mineral elements. This is sand, which plays the role of fine aggregate, gravel or crushed stone - coarse components. The stone skeleton is responsible for the bearing capacity of the foundation; various loads act on it. The percentage in the total composition is up to 80%.
  • Active group. This includes cement. With its help, bulk elements like glue are connected into a monolith. A glue mass is formed after mixing dry cement powder with water. The percentage in the total composition is up to 30% (depending on the content of the stone skeleton). Even with such a low content, it plays a major role in the formation of a monolithic base.

Why were the gas silicate blocks chosen?

When I just started construction, many neighbors in the summer cottage community asked me a question about why I chose gas silicate blocks. Somehow everyone got used to either a tree or a brick. And my reasons are:

  • Quick installation. Gas silicate blocks are larger than bricks in size, so the construction of walls from them is much faster.
  • High thermal insulation. Gas silicate refers to aerated concrete, that is, it has many air cells inside it. They play the role of heat insulators. Therefore, a gas silicate block bath, in comparison with a brick one, heats up faster and retains heat longer. In terms of thermal insulation qualities, gas silicate is not inferior to wood.
  • Fire resistance. Gas silicate blocks do not burn, unlike wooden structures.
  • Impossibility of decay.
  • Low cost compared to bricks, beams or logs.

In addition, I have a good command of the skills of brickwork, so I decided that I would be able to cope with gas silicate blocks.


Baths are not uncommon these days. It is built from different materials. Most often, of course, there are wooden structures. However, such buildings must be carefully looked after so that they retain their original appearance and do not rot over time. In addition, wooden baths are fire hazardous, even if they are treated with special impregnations.

Their use in the construction of baths is not uncommon. Many owners choose just such materials, since they have many positive characteristics, and in many respects they are superior to wood.

The main feature of building blocks is their porous structure. In this case, the pore sizes (as well as their shape) can change chaotically over the entire area of ​​the block. Due to this distinctive characteristic, the mechanical and thermophysical properties of such building materials are not homogeneous. Because of this, the bath must be very carefully insulated not only from the inside, but also from the outside.

We invite you to familiarize yourself with Spruce lining - application, selection criteria and material features

It is worth noting that the blocks absorb moisture like a sponge. In the summer season, this feature does not carry anything terrible, but in winter the previously absorbed water will freeze and increase in volume. This can lead to sad consequences - the destruction of blocks. Of course, this problem is completely avoidable. To do this, it is necessary to provide the building with high-quality waterproofing inside and outside.

Interesting features of various materials:

I was already approaching the house in the courtyards when I saw a classic Lada skidding on the ground.

A guy in his 20s was driving. I tried to go in reverse, gassed, polishing the viscous mud, and digging in at the same time.

Five boys, 13 years old, were standing near the car. We just watched.

And aside, on the asphalt path, three guys of his age watched this guy's attempts to get out of the mud, laughing.

I walked over and quickly explained to the young driver the principle of "swinging" - how to manipulate the pedals.

Then he said to the boys: "Let's help!"

Together with me, they first pushed the car forward. Then we walked around the car and pushed it back. Lada drove out onto the hard road.

Those three guys, still laughing, sat down with their friend in a Zhiguli and they left.

I said to the boys: "Well done! We did a good deed!" And he went home.

Why those guys didn't push their buddy out - I don't know.

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