Liability of heirs for debts

Anyone can get into debt obligations. They are formed due to debts on utility bills, loans and borrowings. If the borrower does not have time to repay them during his lifetime, the debt is collected from his inheritors. It doesn't matter if the inheritance to be transferred is part of a compulsory share or becomes property by will.

There are circumstances when the heir is allowed not to repay the debt. Potential debtors have the right to refuse to accept the inheritance portion in order to get rid of obligations. But this is an extreme measure for situations in which the amount of debt exceeds the value of the property received and other material values.

About inheritance of debt obligations

The Civil Code contains article 1110, which explains the principles of the course of inheritance. She explains that inheritance passes to other people through universal succession. The list of inherited objects includes apartments, houses, land plots, cars, deposits in bank accounts, personal belongings. In addition to assets, the inheritance share includes liabilities.

What you have to answer for

You need to find out about the financial situation of the testator before the time comes to make a final decision on your right to inheritance. However, there is no one to be responsible for informing the population. The notary in charge of the inheritance affairs cannot know about the presence of all debts. It is not uncommon for people to take money by way of a receipt. It is impossible to find out about the existence of an agreement at the legal level until the lender personally notifies it.

Therefore, the main task in the conduct of inheritance cases is the independent study of this issue. Only after the conducted research is it worth making a decision about disposing of your right to inheritance. With a positive decision, the debts will have to be paid regardless of the method of obtaining the property.

Inherited Obligations

According to the law, inheritors have an obligation to pay several types of debt obligations:

  • loans taken for various needs;
  • loans obtained by issuing a receipt;
  • debts formed in a court initiated by the debtor's life.

Liability of heirs for debts

Unlike classic medicines, natural antibiotics do not harm health, do not destroy intestinal flora, and do not cause the formation of resistant bacteria. We present to you several beneficial gifts of nature with antibiotic properties.

Grapefruit Seed Extract

People have long noticed that grapefruit has antibacterial properties. Studies have confirmed that it is grapefruit seed extract that acts against bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

This substance is relatively inexpensive and can be used equally effectively for both indoor and outdoor use.

Grapefruit Seed Extract helps both humans and animals. Now bacteria have not developed resistance (resistance) to this natural antibiotic.


Of the many well-known benefits of garlic, its antibacterial properties are known. It is known from history that garlic was used in the fight against plague and other epidemics. Its antibiotic properties have been studied for centuries.

Modern research has confirmed that garlic is effective against many different types of bacteria, viruses and fungi. The effectiveness of garlic has been compared to that of penicillin. Unlike modern antibiotics, bacteria do not develop resistance to garlic.

Colloidal Silver

Colloidal silver is a natural, safe and non-toxic antibiotic. It effectively kills over 650 pathogens, including viruses, bacteria and fungi. Until 1934, when penicillin was discovered, silver was the only cure for many diseases.

The power of ionic colloidal silver water as an antibiotic agent and an effective remedy against all types of infections has been scientifically proven.


If the borrower does not have time to pay off the debts during his lifetime, the debt is collected from his inheritors. However, there are circumstances when the heir is allowed not to repay the debt.

In the previous article, we learned how to send Vendor commands to a USB3 device. based on the FX3 controller and implemented the SPI software bus. Today we will continue what we started and make the SPI to Avalon_MM component. A question may arise: we already know how to work with the Avalon_MM bus via JTAG using TCL scripts, why do we need something else?

The thing is, when we work in pure TCL, as we did here and here, everything is great. But for tasks running tens or even hundreds of megabytes, this option is too slow. Therefore, we are forced to add a C ++ program that works over USB 3..

The TCL server option that the plus program addresses in this article requires complex manual preparation each time it starts up. It is imperative to start the runtime environment (they are different for Windows and Linux), run the server script, and then synchronize the work with data via USB and with commands via TCP in the program. I don't like such difficulties. Let's leave those options for cases when they do not create difficulties. Here we have a USB device, we still work with it, so we will access the AVALON_MM bus through it. Let's get started.


Before starting the development of my block, I tried to find something ready. Yes, working with TCL both directly and through the network creates a number of inconveniences for the user. But is it possible to reach the JTAG adapter directly? Well, or at least connect to the JTAG server, as the standard system components do? I tortured Google with more and more tricky requests. Alas. There is an option when the server is implemented on the board itself (only in our version the processor is thrown out from the board, there is nothing to run it on there), but there are no examples of how to connect to a JTAG server running on a PC. There were articles about the existing server for the "Mars Rover" project, launched on the "Malin", but as far as I understood, it is necessary to replace the DLL there. There were a few more articles with clearly necessary keywords, but they were all deleted, and there was something completely unreadable in Google's cache.

I even hypothesized that it was about kernels with limited use rights. Those that only work when connected to a PC running a server. Perhaps whoever understands the principle of managing a JTAG server will be able to crack them, but the copyright holders do not want this, therefore they carefully hide the protocols. We do not have a task to crack something, and I have no desire to write an article that will be quickly deleted. So I decided to just make my own block. Which one? The solution floats out of my current workload. I am playing Litex environment. It uses the AXI-Lite or Wishbone bus. I work with the second of them and see a lot of adapters in the system. There is SPI to Wishbone, UART to Wishbone, and anything else to Wishbone. That's why I decided to make an SPI to Avalon-MM adapter.

Where we get inspiration

If you drive Google a request for Avalon Memory-Mapped Master Templates, then we will get here:

Download the zip file on this page, there are examples of wizards for the AVALON-MM bus for almost all occasions. The document provides examples of how to simply take and put files from this archive, and then start working with them. I will give an example of a drawing for one of the directions

We have to implement the Control Logic and FIFO section, after which everything will work by itself. At first, I hypnotized these examples, hoping to follow this path. The first thing that haunted me: the read master and the write master are different blocks, each of which is connected to the AVALON bus. Putting them together is not easy. Then, having started practical experiments, I realized that the hierarchy there is also not the best. I would have to make a lot of transit ropes. The system became too complex, and above I already wrote that I do not like complex systems.

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