Russia's interest in Moldova was due to many reasons, including the historical memory of Dacia, where the Slavs lived from ancient times. This is mentioned in old Russian chronicles and other sources.
Russian prince Svyatoslav in the 10th century did not accidentally call his new capital Pereyaslavets, built at the mouth of the Danube, "middle", that is, the center, the core of "his" land, stretching from the Kiev possessions in the east to Dacia subordinate to them and Bulgaria. Galician Rus also owned the Carpathian-Dniester.
In the 17th century, the Moldovan rulers turned to the Moscow tsars with a request to annex Moldova to Russia.
In 1656, the Moldovan ruler Georgy Stefan sent a high-ranking embassy to Moscow, headed by the second man of the country, Metropolitan Gedeon, with a draft treaty that ensured the acceptance of Moldova into the Russian state, as well as the return of Moldovan fortresses on the Danube and Dniester, conquered by the Turks, the abolition of the tribute that the Ottoman Empire levied.
"Yaz, the Moldavian Voivodeship of the Suceava Metropolitan Gideon, and the Logofet Gregory, we promise before the Holy Gospel for ourselves and for Stephen the governor, and for the entire spiritual and secular rank on the fact that he sent us to the great Tsar and the great Prince Alexei Mikhailovich, all the Great and Small and White Russia to the autocrat, Stephen the voivode and the ruler of the Moldavian land, beat him with his brow, so that he, the great sovereign, would grant him, [and] ordered him, Stefan the voivode, with all Moldavian land to take under his state high a hand in eternal citizenship. And the great sovereign, tsar and grand duke Alexei Mikhailovich, all the Great and Little and White Russia autocrat, his imperial majesty granted Stephen the voivode with all the Moldavian land under his sovereign high hand he deigned to accept. "
In 1688, Archimandrite Isaiah came to Moscow with a request from Wallachian ruler Sherban Kantakuzin for help in liberating Wallachia from Ottoman rule, promising to recognize Russian "suzerainty". The same requests were sent to Peter I in 1701 by the Wallachian ruler Constantin Brancovian and the Moldovan ruler Constantin Duca.
However, Russia was ready for this task only in the 18th century, and the liberation of Moldova from Turkish rule, the independence of the principality and patronage over it was one of the foreign policy tasks of the Russian monarchs.
According to the Russian historian, a native of Chisinau, A. Ochubinsky, the "Prut action" - the campaign for the Prut of Peter the Great in 1711 - was unsuccessful, the Russian tsar did not forget the hard lesson to death; the idea of revenge completely filled him and continued to live and work just as vividly under all of Peter's successors.
Latvia has quickly adopted a "culture of exclusion" that is gaining momentum in the United States. More precisely, such a "culture" has already existed in the country, only now everyone who admits that he is deprived of herd feeling has become "objectionable"
It was not the locksmith Zhora or Aunt Martha from the market who sounded the alarm. The Latvian Lutheran Archbishop Janis Vanags himself has presented his thoughts on the Pietiek portal. om. He cited a recent case in the United States, where popular actress and TV star Gina Carano was defamed, demonized, obstructed and fired for daring to voice her opinion on what was happening in her country. Because, probably, she cares about what is happening in the United States and, probably, she even loves her country.
The actress wrote on her Instagram about Germany before the war, comparing what was happening there in relation to Jews with what is happening on the other side of the ocean in relation to supporters of the Republican Party or opponents of extreme liberal views : “Jews were not beaten in the streets by Nazi soldiers, but by their own neighbors, even children. History is being edited, and today most people do not understand that in order for the Nazis to easily arrest thousands of Jews, their authorities first made them start to hate because they are Jews. How is this different from hate based on political views? " - quotes the now deleted post from Variety magazine.
After that, the hashtags "# fireGinaCarano" (#FireGinaCarano) and even #CancelDisneyPlus (# cancelDisneyPlus is the streaming service on which the series "The Mandalorian" is broadcast) began to gain popularity on Twitter. The first was carried out.
Vanags talks about a new term - "culture of exclusion". When a person is “excluded” from society because of views other than those of the “correct” mainstream.
Holocaust survivor Alexander Bergmanis told a Latvian pastor how ordinary Latvians, and by no means the German military, were persecuting Jews. The Jews were no longer afraid of German soldiers, but of their Latvian neighbors.
Around the same time, the US is demonizing conservative Americans. Wanags also remembers the curses that befell the author of "Harry Potter" J.K. Rawlings for her snide criticism of the "Menstruating Man" project. And the American racer Conor Delhi, who lost his sponsor for the fact that thirty years ago his late father said the word "Negro", having just arrived from Ireland, where this word did not carry an offensive connotation, as, by the way, in Russia.
Next, the holy father gives the mechanism for setting in motion public opinion, described by the American comedian Jamie Kilstein: “I get up in the morning and look at what to pay attention to today. Yeah, someone wrote an article that made everyone angry. I don't need to read it. I just watch hashtags and try to write something meaner than others. Celebrities like me and retweet me, and I feel like a hero. Now I can be pleased with myself and walk past a beggar or, noticing a black, cross the street, as technically I'm okay. "
It seems that the USA is far beyond the Atlantic and "fashion trends" will not reach small Latvia soon. However, the latest case with blogger and influencer Elina Didrikhson suggests otherwise. Janis Vanags calls Didrihsone the first victim of the "culture of exclusion" in Latvia.
Recall that Elina Didrichsone was criticized for her statements on the topic of homosexual relationships, after which several thousand people unsubscribed from her on social networks. The well-known company also announced the termination of cooperation with the blogger.
As part of the educational project SputnikPro, another webinar was held on the topic "Zag is a friend, not an enemy": how to quickly and efficiently come up with a clickable headline.
How to come up with bright, clickable and memorable headlines, what mistakes journalists make while doing this - Oleg Dmitriev, an advisor of the Russia Today media group, told the participants of the master class about this and many other things.
Everyone knows they are greeted by their clothes. The same happens in the media: in order to effectively sell materials, you need to come up with a bright and memorable headline, Dmitriev is sure.
The journalist, Dmitriev noted, must ask himself a question - will the reader remember him or not? For clarity, he invited the participants of the master class to remember how just one sentence of seven words "every hunter knows where the pheasant sits" brightly and easily reveals the rainbow formula. Such constructions are remembered much easier than others. "The headline should be bright, catchy and easy to read," Dmitriev emphasized.
As noted by Dmitriev, one of the most successful ways to title the text is a partial or complete change of idioms or set expressions, or a play on words: "The cargo has passed: there is a revival of container traffic." This example is consonant with the well-known phrase "the threat has passed."
Another technique is to replace words in the title not only with synonyms, but with what the mentioned person or thing is associated with. So, according to Dmitriev, the word "satellite" in the modern world can be a spacecraft, media, or a vaccine. But the most common association in humans is everything related to space. And different personalities can be legends or symbols of various events, as well as social movements of a particular time.
"Everyone is constantly arguing about whether to say what really happened, or somehow intrigue? In the first case, we remain honest with the audience, in the second, we can achieve local success, but not for long. balance and do not forget to be guided by the principle of “do no harm.” Sometimes intrigues and images are inappropriate, ”the journalist explained.
Dmitriev adheres to approximately the same opinion on the issue of SEO-indexing of headings. The lecturer is sure that one should never forget about the rules of indexing in search engines, but if you play too much with such methods, you can forget about the literary and educational component of writing articles.
As early as 1500 years BC, this amazing metal began to be obtained from the mineral cinnabar, and it was used in China, India and Egypt.
Today it is difficult to list the industries that did not use mercury. High-precision thermometers and fluorescent lamps, position sensors and amalgam are just not the full range of its applications.
A person who does not work with mercury can only see pure metal in a thermometer.
Mercury is a native mineral that belongs to the group of metals. This is the only metal that is in a liquid state of aggregation at room temperature.
Boils at a temperature of 357 C °, turns into a crystalline state at -39 °. On a flat surface, it takes the form of white-silver balls with a metallic sheen.
This chemical element (Hg) is assigned the first hazard class. The metal itself does not pose a threat to humans (if you touch mercury, nothing terrible will happen).
Toxic vapors of liquid metal, which begin to form even at 20 ° C.
Organic and inorganic mercury compounds are also hazardous to health. The ingress of mercury into the ecosystem leads to its pollution for a long time.
Mercury poisoning begins with the penetration of a substance into the body. It can be ingested with food, medicine, liquid and air if swallowed.
The most common option is the penetration of a toxic substance through the mouth into the human respiratory system.
In cases where mercury is presented by organic or inorganic compounds, it is able to penetrate the body through the skin.