As mentioned above, in the case of a private house, everything is much simpler. Here you can install both a gas and an electric boiler, as well as a liquid fuel and solid fuel. In a private house, no one forbids making a water floor or installing solar panels on the roof, a solar heating collector or installing a heat pump in the house. Or you can even build a mini-boiler room next to a residential building. But in an apartment, most of the described options are prohibited, because:
So, it is simply not practical to install a solid fuel boiler in an apartment, since there is no necessary room, and just a place to store fuel - firewood or coal. But the floors of buildings are usually not designed for such a significant additional load. As well as storing large amounts of flammable material in a living space is dangerous.
It is prohibited to install a warm water floor in the apartments of apartment buildings, only its electric version is allowed. However, first of all, when switching to autonomous heating in an apartment building, one has to face legal difficulties. Thus, in some regions, refusal from central heating is generally prohibited by local regulations.
Scheme of the autonomous heating system
Therefore, one should start not with project documentation, but with a consultation with a lawyer. After all, it is possible that in order to make autonomous heating in apartment building, permission will have to be obtained through the courts. In this case, such a permit is needed both for refusal of centralized heating, and for the installation of autonomous heating.
A very serious issue is the correct location of the boiler room. Most often, in apartment buildings, boiler rooms are installed either on the roof or in the basement. provide for the presence of the latter only in the basement or.
True, sometimes you can also see boiler rooms located in small buildings, standing a few tens of meters from the house. This can be a good solution: there is no need to lift and mount equipment on the roof of the building, but at the same time, there is no threat of explosion due to fuel leakage and its accumulation in the basement of the building.
Still, this method is not very popular: the need for additional construction, pouring the foundation and carrying out a large amount of land work scares off many potential owners of autonomous heating boilers. Therefore, only two options are usually considered - a boiler on the roof and in the basement. And it is worth talking about them in more detail.