Among the 400 ways of easy enrichment that Ostap Bender had, the collection and delivery of scrap metal was not listed. Perhaps because carrying black metal is not so easy. Perhaps because Ostap did not have the right search equipment.
A modern scrap metal collector is or should be equipped much better than Ostap with his obstetric bag. And ferrous metal detecting with a metal detector is akin to searching for treasures.
Anyone who thinks that it is possible to dig for ferrous metal anywhere and at any time is greatly mistaken. The days of such clever people passed 15-20 years ago, when practically all the Soviet legacy was cleaned up. Today, in order to find unattended metal, you need to work with maps and historical sources. It's good that the Internet allows you to do all this without leaving your home.
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Practice shows that the long-cultivated fields of agricultural enterprises are a constant supplier of metal. Broken agricultural equipment is often repaired right in the field - rather than dragging a multi-ton harvester over a bunch of kilometers into the box, it is easier to contrive and change the unusable part on the spot. In this case, the removed spare parts are thrown directly onto the field. There are also simple losses of metal - the share came off the plow, the machine operator did not immediately notice, and then go find it. People dig from 100 kg to one and a half tons per day, depending on luck and the presence of other metal hunters in the area. Non-ferrous metal should not be neglected either - it is more expensive.
Another source of metal, according to the advice of experienced people, is motor depots, machine-tractor stations and other facilities with a lot of equipment. Every workshop had a warehouse - often just an outdoor area - for broken parts. But Soviet man is a creative being, order was alien to him. And metal can be found in any place on the territory of such bases and even outside the perimeter. Maybe they themselves wanted to hand over but did not grow together, maybe they were hiding the traces of the "leftist" - there is no one to ask, and there is no need.
The outskirts of cities and villages have been dragging environmentalists for a long time. Every day, they find "green" spontaneous dumps. Somewhere it will be construction waste or household waste, and somewhere it will be scrap metal - it is worth following the public pages of local environmental activists. They enjoy photographing landfills to provide visual evidence of environmental crimes.
Ordinary "solid waste landfills" are not particularly rich in metal. Moreover, as a rule, in landfills there is someone to rummage through the garbage, including collecting scrap metal. So the search for garbage in the mountains is unpleasant, ineffective and fraught with military clashes with the marginalized living in landfills.
A more promising target is abandoned enterprises, including agricultural enterprises. The plant is a treasure trove of metal. A trifle, of course, will be taken out by the ubiquitous homeless people, but larger structures can be cut and taken out. The main thing is not to run into the owner - even abandoned houses have one.
Another source of ferrous metal is abandoned landfills of metallurgical waste. There are also such. Even if everything is removed from above under the broom, a decent mass of metal can remain in the ground.
The shores of reservoirs near beaches and ports, anchorages of ships are also a source of ferrous metal. A metal detector will not help much here, you need to sweep the water area with a search magnet. Naturally, you need to look where there is an entrance to the shore - no one will drag a broken washing machine on himself in order to throw it into the water.
When building your own home, most zealous owners take care of choosing the right angle of the roof slope, the necessary strength of the truss structure. If everything is done correctly, in accordance with the climate and operating characteristics, the question of how to clean the snow from the roof of a private house almost does not arise - except for moments of extremely heavy snowfalls. It accumulates on the roof in such an amount that the rafter system can withstand without problems, and plays the role of a kind of insulation. During a thaw, the lower layer begins to melt, along which snow accumulations easily "slide" from the roof or gradually melt. It is more important here to arrange the correct drainage system and install snow barriers so as not to get an avalanche on your head.
However, those who bought or built a house with an incorrectly chosen roof slope angle, insufficiently strong rafters, have to think about how to remove snow from the roof of a private house before it collapsed the structure.
These are the two main options for snow removal work. In the first case, the employee:
Important: the direction of cleaning (from the edge of the roof to the ridge) allows you to gradually remove the snow cover and avoid massive snow melting.
If the roof covering is not strong enough (ondulin, roofing felt, metal flat sheets without reinforced support), you cannot walk on the roof. The same applies to too steep (more than 35 degrees) slopes, complex structures with a large number of tongs, dormers. In these cases, it is worth using long sliding ladders or regular ones. The length of the stairs is chosen depending on the height of the building.
With a significant overhang of the roof, the presence of protruding decorative or functional elements along its edge, the fragile drainage system has nowhere to support the ladder. It can be replaced with a sliding (retractable) three-four-section ladder, a high stepladder, special scaffolding, or - in case of large volumes of work and free access to the site - a car with a lift (tower car).
Clearing snow requires a lot of effort and time. The legislation provides for standards for this type of work. They are set out in the Order of the Gosstroy No. 170. Based on the document, the cleaning rate for 1 person is calculated, and based on this, the number of workers required to clean a certain area.