Teeth enamel is characterized by increased strength indicators. Microcracks are rarely formed, outwardly invisible, they can only be detected during a routine examination. The situation cannot be started, that is, the defect requires treatment. If the defect is not corrected, a complication is likely, including further damage to the enamel, crown part and tooth loss.
Cracks are formed for various reasons. Damage is expressed as loss of integrity with varying depths and shapes. Outwardly, the tooth does not change, there is no pain or mobility. But the following symptoms may appear:
Any of these signs is the basis for contacting the dentist. Carrying out a visual examination and diagnostics reveal the problem, allow you to choose the methods of treating the defect.
The causes of cracking are:
For diagnosis, the dentist conducts a visual examination using binoculars. Such an apparatus creates the magnification required to detect microcracks and localize defects. In addition, the dentist is assigned fluoroscopy to detect the smallest damage, classify damage to the enamel and assess the complexity of the damage.
Dental cracks are divided into the following types:
Many patients in a dental clinic face the need for dental restoration. This procedure is necessary in order to restore the correct shape of the tooth, eliminate damage to the enamel, get rid of the gap between the teeth, and so on. IStomatolog Dental Restoration Clinic offers several effective treatments. Let's consider the features of each of them in our article.
Direct dental restoration is indicated in the presence of minor defects. It is carried out in one step. The dentist uses special photopolymers that allow:
Photopolymers look natural, in their appearance they are as close as possible to the color of the enamel. Therefore, no one will notice the dental intervention.
If a tooth is badly damaged, then prosthetics will be required to restore it. A crown is used as a prosthesis, which has the shape of a cap and is worn over the tooth or on the post. Here is a link to the site of the iStomatolog clinic, where dental implants are performed.
The cost of treatment largely depends on what material the crowns are made of. The most budgetary ones are metal, but they have many disadvantages and are practically not used today.
The most expensive crowns are made of aluminum oxide. They serve throughout life and look as natural and aesthetically pleasing as possible.
Metal-ceramic crowns are in the middle price range. Their service life is 15 years. Visually, they are practically indistinguishable from real teeth.
For implantation, special prostheses are used, which are implanted into the bone tissue. This is one of the most difficult procedures in the field of aesthetic dentistry. Therefore, only a professional should carry out it.
What are compositors: who is suitable for overlays, their main advantages and disadvantages
When you are not satisfied with the appearance of a smile, some dental clinics can offer dental composites to solve the problem. What it is? How does it differ from popular veneers and lumineers? You will find the answer to these and many other questions on the topic in our today's article.
In fact, dental compositors serve the same purpose as veneers, lumineers, ultra-nirons, nanoneers. These are thin linings designed to mask the external imperfections of the front teeth: interdental gaps and gaps, slight curvature, stains and an ugly shade of enamel, old fillings, chips, cracks.
In addition, they protect weak and sensitive enamel from external influences, are recommended for increased tooth abrasion, as well as when it is impossible to whiten stains (for example, from fluorosis or hypoplasia) and yellowness with all available professional bleaching methods.
Note: Composites on teeth, like any other onlays, cannot be installed if the patient has severe malocclusion, periodontal disease, multiple caries and extensive fillings. They do not have a therapeutic effect, but only comprehensively hide minor flaws in a smile.
Important points to pay attention to
For the first time they started talking about compiers in 2011, when they were presented by the Swiss company Coltene / Whaledent AG. Their lifetime and practice are relatively short, so it is difficult to objectively judge their durability.
It is also important to note that since the onlays are template, then for their precise positioning on the teeth, the doctor has to resort to the preparation of hard tissues. The frontal surface, cutting and gum areas are turned. And this process is irreversible, that is, after removing the products, the enamel will become sensitive and unattractive.
Drainage of tissues in dentistry is a fairly common procedure that can accelerate healing in case of purulent inflammation. It is necessary when an abscess occurs inside the tissues. What are the features of this procedure, how the drainage is installed in the gum and how it is extracted, its important functions, as well as the feelings of the patients, we will describe in this article.
Dental drainage is a simple surgical instrument that is a small-diameter hollow soft plastic tube or strip, rubber, latex or rubber band. The size and structure of the drain, depending on the purpose, may differ.
Its main purpose is to remove pus from cavities inside tissues during inflammation, as well as fluids that accumulate there - blood, ichor, serous exudate. And at the same time, the drainage itself serves as a barrier for tissues, preventing premature wound tightening and fusion of its edges. It is important to stop the inflammatory process and cleanse the cavity before it is overgrown, otherwise new inflammation is inevitable. Also, drainage facilitates the introduction of antiseptics and drugs into inflamed tissues and prevents complications, the spread of pus, and sepsis.
The principles of drainage and the use of tubular drainage were introduced into surgery by the French physician Edouard Chassenyak in the middle of the 19th century. He is also credited with the direct invention of the drainage tube, but this is not so: before him, there were attempts to use glass hollow rods as a withdrawal of liquids from cavities.
Installation of drainage is required for purulent inflammation in the oral cavity, which often occurs in the case of advanced dental diseases. This condition can be observed with the following pathologies:
Often people delay seeking medical attention until an acute condition develops. In this case, bumps filled with pus appear on the gums, swelling of the gums occurs, which can be not only local, but also spread to the face, affect the neck. Many patients complain that their cheeks are swollen. The patient's general condition worsens, and acute pain occurs.
In addition to independent purulent inflammations, drainage of the hole after tooth extraction is often required, if it took place against the background of inflammation or was difficult. In the case of the extraction of wisdom teeth, drainage is installed to facilitate the administration of medications.
Important! It is not always possible to install drainage. Contraindications are blood pathologies when normal clotting is impaired, as well as if there is an allergic reaction to anesthetics and analgesic drugs.
Tissue drainage is carried out in several stages. How they do it:
Many people think about putting braces and aligning their teeth, but not every patient ends up using this procedure. This is due to the noticeable appearance of braces, which may seem unaesthetic. There is a way out - lingual (internal) braces, which are not visible from the outside, are more comfortable and effective. In dentistry, there have even appeared models that are called "incognito". We talked with the orthodontist Sofya Olegovna Remenskaya, who answered many questions regarding teeth alignment. The place of our meeting is dentistry "Smile" on Alekseevskaya. The clinic has been giving its clients beauty and health for over 11 years.
10. Does dental caries occur when wearing braces?
11. Are internal braces as effective as external braces?
12. Is the time of treatment on internal braces different from external ones?
13. What is the procedure for fixing lingual braces?
14. Photos before and after treatment
Lingual internal braces are an orthodontic construction that is placed on the inside of the tooth enamel. It allows you to get rid of bite irregularities, to correct the vector of tooth growth. Lingual structures consist of plates that are attached to the enamel using a special compound, fasteners and an arch that puts pressure on the teeth, adjusting their growth, direction of growth. Internal braces are made individually for each patient after X-ray and 3D modeling. This explains their high cost (in comparison with classical corrective constructions).
What are the indications and contraindications?