Braer ceramic blocks are widely used for the construction of private houses.
They are in demand, as they allow you to do without additional insulation of the structure.
Read about who their manufacturer is, what technical characteristics they have and how people respond to them in this article.
Braer ceramic blocks are produced by a plant located in the Tula region. It is located near the Obidim deposit, which is famous for its high quality clay.
Braer Brick Factory is a company equipped with modern technology. More than 140 million ceramic blocks are produced every year. The product is sold throughout the country and is in high demand, as it has established itself in the construction market.
At the heart of Braer ceramic blocks is high-quality clay, which undergoes deep cleaning, consisting of 7 steps.
Sawdust and water must be processed. Only after removing all impurities are the components mixed for future molding.
Each batch is tested, so marriage is impossible. All elements are manufactured using equipment ordered in Europe. The process is fully automated, therefore, the human factor, as the reason for the release of low-quality building material, is unacceptable.
After removing from the drying chamber, the products are checked according to 4 parameters:
Before purchasing wall ceramic blocks, an experienced developer carefully calculates their volume. Without this, it is very difficult to assess the upcoming costs and draw up the overall project budget.
The calculation is carried out as accurately as possible so that during the work there is no shortage or surplus of material.
Construction practice proves that a correction factor of at least 15% must be introduced to the result obtained in order to compensate for losses during transportation and masonry work.
The main parameters that affect the price of porous blocks are the production technology and their component composition. As a rule, prices are different for manufacturers and differ by 10-15% in the regions of the country.
Characteristics of ceramic blocks affecting the growth of value in the market:
What determines the price for work?
Ceramic blocks are a new and relatively expensive material. Builders have an unspoken rule that the more expensive the building material, the higher the prices for services.
In addition, there are additional factors that affect the cost of masonry work using these types of stones:
Warm glue mixture for masonry of ceramic blocks is a modern composition that is often used in construction.
Its use allows you to build strong walls that are not prone to cracks.
The main advantage of this material is its low thermal conductivity. How to choose the right mixture, when you can use it, and when you can't - read the article.
For masonry walls made of porous ceramic blocks and warm ceramics, it is effective to use not classical cement with sand, but special mixtures with low thermal conductivity. The inclusion of additives in the solution improves its performance, including: plasticity, hardening rate, frost resistance, strength, moisture resistance.
Perel masonry mix has a low thermal conductivity coefficient. The composition is based on cement, mineral filler and polymer additives.
The use of a solution of this brand allows increasing the heat-saving properties of walls by 15-20%. The manufacturer offers three types of warm mixtures for laying porous ceramic blocks:
Basic characteristics of Perel solutions:
The lifetime of all solutions is at least an hour. It is possible to work with summer masonry mixture at temperatures from +5 to +30 degrees, and with winter - from -50 to +70 degrees.
Porotherm is a warm masonry mix that can be used to reduce heat loss through the joints. Perlite granules are added to it. This material has a minimum thermal conductivity, which in terms of its performance is close to the thermal conductivity of the blocks themselves.
Porotherm mortar characteristics:
Building materials of a new type are increasingly used by individual developers in the construction of houses.
These include sections made of gas silicate, which have their own advantages over other materials.
They have gained their popularity due to: low cost, simplicity and speed of installation, a large selection of sizes, the ability to choose a different type and density of material.
Manufacturers produce various mortar mixes that are suitable for various types of construction work.
Silicate blocks are suitable for the construction of external support structures, internal walls and partitions, as well as additional insulation.
This material fits into:
There are still many adherents of the usual cement-sand mixture. When working with cement mortar, the joint height is 10-20 mm, which leads to a large consumption of material.
Such a mixture is prepared from cement, sand and water, taking into account the proportions, since the quality of the composition depends on the correct proportions. The number of components depends on the type of cement used.
The table shows the data for the amount of each component for the preparation of 1 cubic meter. sand-cement mixture of a certain brand
Building products made in the form of concrete blocks are rightfully considered one of the best materials used in the construction of residential and industrial buildings.
This assessment is considered well deserved, since concrete blocks have strength, sufficient density and frost resistance.
The composition of the material, which includes various combinations of structural substances, combined with cement, always determines the grade. Concrete blocks are a versatile material that allows you to create any architectural project. Adding reinforcement to the composition of the material allows you to obtain strong reinforced concrete (RC) products, which are used for the foundation, load-bearing walls and a concrete belt under the roof of the building.
A detailed description of the purpose and technical characteristics of wall concrete blocks and reinforced concrete is specified in GOST 19010-82. This standard applies to any types of concrete blocks, which are divided into heat-insulating and structural ones, they are solid, hollow (28-40% of the total volume), light, heavy, autoclave and silicate.
When designating the brand GOST 19010-82 in one of the paragraphs, it refers to GOST 23009-2016.
The cement of the best brands (M300, 400, 500), crushed stone of the smallest fractions, river sand, polymers and additional substances that improve the structure and viscosity of the solution are considered the basis of any type of concrete block.
The types of concrete blocks are well represented in the photo, where their sizes are additionally indicated:
Depending on which structure is used for the wall (external, internal, load-bearing, wall, inter-partition), products are divided by size, shape, filler, purpose and brands. They are:
Any grade of concrete is determined by the compressive strength class. This indicator of strength is checked in a laboratory way, by several types of tests, by means of material compression.