The production of packages and containers, for example, pallets for goods, is often more profitable than the creation of the goods themselves. Simple technological operations, uniform, usually inexpensive materials and a steadily growing sales market make the container manufacturing business the most demanded direction. In this article we will try to understand the pallet business, calculate the profit and profitability.
One of the most profitable business ideas is the production of pallets or Euro pallets. They can be made of various materials (metal, wood, plastic), but wooden pallets are the most promising. Metal and plastic pallets also exist, but their production is expensive.
Wooden pallets are actively used in various areas of production, retail and wholesale. They wear out quickly and lose their presentation, so organizations have to constantly update the fleet. Wooden pallets are historically more popular in the Russian Federation than plastic and metal counterparts, therefore they are in stable demand.
Mandatory customs check for compliance with phytosanitary standards makes it difficult to import pallets into our country, so you will have to compete exclusively with local producers. At the same time, the quality of domestic products is in no way inferior to foreign ones, since it is regulated by GOST 9557-87, which almost completely repeats UIC 435-2. This allows the products to be officially called "Euro pallets" and increases the confidence of potential customers.
The manufacture of wooden pallets does not require unique equipment and complex technological operations. Their design is clear at first glance: several planks connected with wooden checker cubes and fixed with special nails. The fasteners are called "ruffles" and look like a hybrid of a self-tapping screw and a nail.
There are several types of pallets:
The greatest demand is for a non-separable pallet, created according to the European standard - a Euro pallet with dimensions of 800x1200x144 mm. Slightly less successful is the "Finnish" made according to ISO2 with dimensions 1000х1200х144 mm. According to GOST 9557-87, the flooring consists of 5 boards 145x22 mm and 100x22 mm. Boards are stacked with a gap of up to 45 mm alternately - wide, then narrow. Attached with 9 checkers. The central cubes are 145x145x78 mm in size, the outer ones are 100x145x78 mm. The structure is connected by pierced or screw nails 2.5x55 mm, 3.5x70mm or 3.5x90 mm.
Retailing pallets will not bring financial success, because the payback of such a business will be many years. If you consider pallet production as a business, even with manual assembly and small volumes, target large customers:
Every year the volume of production of polymeric materials increases by about 5%. This popularity is due to their many positive properties.
These products are mainly used as containers. It increases the service life of the products that are inside the package. Also, polymers have excellent appearance and long service life.
Modern industry produces the following types of products of this type:
Therefore, for this purpose, the following types of waste are collected and prepared in a special way:
High molecular weight polymer products are obtained by polycondensation and polymerization from monomers - simple substances. The process is carried out in industrial plants. Used products made of synthetic polymers are polymer waste. This group includes the following products:
It is estimated that the share of used polymeric materials in Russian landfills accounts for 60% of the volume of waste.
All of the above is practically non-biodegradable. This makes the listed items hazardous to the planet's ecology.
Plastic has confidently entered our life, replacing other materials in everyday life and industry. Accordingly, the amount of plastic waste has also increased.
Polymers are unique materials that can be recycled.
The equipment for their processing is relatively easy to manage, does not require any capital expenditures and science-intensive technologies.
The topic of opening new enterprises for processing waste of the polymer industry remains relevant. In this article, we will talk about the technology of such productions, the equipment used and how much a specific machine, a separate line or a mini-plant for the production of recycled plastic costs.
To understand the process and to understand the peculiarities of the machines for plastic recycling, you need to delve a little into the process of recycling itself.
Below is a step-by-step list of the key stages of the technological chain from the moment of receipt of raw materials to the receipt of finished products, as well as hardware design. We have already talked in detail about the equipment for processing plastic bottles in this article.
Crushing of plastic waste is the very first stage of the processing cycle. Any recyclable materials (boxes, film, cans, sheets, disposable dishes, etc.) need preliminary grinding.
The choice of a machine for crushing polymer waste depends on the type of raw material with which it is supposed to work.
For example, it is impossible to crush soft polyethylene film and rigid polypropylene sprue on the same equipment.
Depending on the type of processed raw materials, crushers are divided into: