Philologist, radio host and business lecturer Leonid Klein studied classical literature and cinema in order to learn from them useful for entrepreneurs and leaders. In his book Useless Classics. Why fiction is better than textbooks on management, ”he tells how Helene from“ War and Peace ”applied PR-technologies, where Pavel Ivanovich Chichikov pierced in the process of accumulating primary capital and what a typical entrepreneur looks like in Ostrovsky's plays. The book is published by the publishing house "Alpina. Publisher in March, Inc. publishes an excerpt.
There are probably no adults in Russia who at least had no idea what the Tale of the Tula oblique Lefty and the steel flea is about. The work so fit into the domestic cultural code that the hero, who does not even have a name, but only a nickname, has become a national brand. The number of hardware stores, tire shops or other enterprises that have at least some relation to the artisan work, which are called "Levsha", is innumerable. But those who have bothered to read the famous tale try to bypass such establishments. Because they know: Lefty, although he was a genius, ruined the English flea. Let's talk about this.
An oblique left-hander, a birthmark on the cheek, and the hairs on the temples were torn out during training. Nameless master, nugget, armourer-virtuoso. He does not value his name and title. Patriot.
Accept the challenge of the English masters who made the work subtle and interesting. To subject their work to "Russian revisions", to surpass it, "so that the British do not pretend over the Russians."
Find specialists who are able to do what, no one knows what, and instruct them to complete the task.
In general, the failure is inherent in the business plan itself. And in an attempt to remake something already done. Why do this if, for example, you yourself have an abundance of such dancing fleas? Or something else to be proud of. Neither Platov, nor Tsar Nicholas I, nor any of his associates even thought about looking for something already done in Russia at the same level. Moreover, in the tale, the same Platov more than once embarrassed the British, and the Tsar Alexander I, proving that our gunsmiths are no worse than the English ones.
“The sovereign looked calmly at the Mortimerov rifle, because he had such in Tsarskoe Selo, and then they give him a pistol and say: - This is a pistol of unknown, inimitable skill - our admiral is with the robber ataman in Candelabria pulled out from his belt. The Emperor glanced at the pistol and could not get enough of it. I got excited terribly. “Ah, ah, ah,” he says, “how is it ... how can it even be done so subtly! - And he turns to Platov in Russian and says: - Now, if I had at least one such master in Russia, I would be very happy and proud of this, but I would make that master noble right now. And Platov, in response to these words, at the same moment lowered his right hand into his large trousers and pulled out a rifle screwdriver from there. The British say: "It does not open," and he, not paying attention, well, pick the lock. Turned once, turned two - the lock and pulled out. Platov shows the sovereign the dog, and there is a Russian inscription on the sugib itself: "Ivan Moskvin in the city of Tula." The British are surprised and push each other: - Oh, we gave a blunder! "
By the way, the sovereign did not keep his word - there is not a word in the tale that the Tula master Ivan Moskvin was made noble. Yes, and the revealed fact did not make the tsar happy, on the contrary - he became sad and regretted that Platov had "embarrassed" the British.
In general, Alexander I in the tale is a kind of embodiment of the Russian inferiority complex, which makes you unrestrainedly admire a stranger and belittle your own. And in this complex, probably, is also one of the reasons for the eternal Russian desire to prove something to someone. So the Tula masters, before starting to work, first went to Mtsensk, to the district town of the Oryol province, in which there is an ancient "stone-cut" icon of St. Nicholas.
"This icon of the form of" terrible and fearful "- the saint of Myr-Lycia is depicted on it" full-length ", all dressed in silver-covered clothes, and with a dark face and holding a temple on one hand, and in the other a sword - military overpower ". This "overcoming" was the meaning of the thing: St. Nikolai is generally the patron of trade and military affairs, and “Mtsensk Nikola” in particular, and the Tula people went to bow to him ”.
The masters were not going to create, but to overcome. And they won, of course, but I must admit that there was little sense in this. This is not a competitive struggle or even a demonstration "muscle play", but a senseless desire to prove that "we are not worse."
As you can see, the principle of "catch up and overtake" has served as a curse for Russia since ancient times. And, as a rule, in ugly forms. Suffice it to recall the Soviet-era anecdote about how the Americans created and sent to Mars a space harvester capable of taking soil samples on the Red Planet, and Soviet engineers in response came up with their own harvester that will take soil from the American one.
The household light switch has long become a familiar device in household and industrial use. In addition to its direct function of closing and opening an electrical circuit, it often carries a decorative and service load. To get the greatest comfort using the capabilities of modern devices, you need to understand their varieties and areas of application.
A switch is a household electrical appliance whose purpose is to supply voltage to lighting lamps and turn it off. The average consumer does not think about its internal structure, although it is quite simple. Each key controls a moving contact, which, together with a fixed contact, closes or opens an electrical circuit. Plus the terminals to which the electrical wires are attached, plus decorative details. This is a household electrical switch.
It is most often installed on the wall. The place of installation is governed by the Electrical Installation Rules. It is forbidden to install control devices closer than 50 cm from gas pipes, as well as in wet rooms (bathrooms, showers, etc.). In childcare facilities, switches are placed at a height of at least 180 cm. Otherwise, the Rules only recommend installing devices for switching when entering a room from the side of the door handle at a height of 1 meter.
Despite the fact that the task of any switch is to close and open an electrical circuit by controlling lamps, there are many varieties of household switching devices. They can be classified according to different criteria depending on the area of application.
Switching devices by type of installation are divided into:
The first type of switches is mounted on a backing panel, usually used with exposed wiring (but can also be used in conjunction with hidden wiring). Its main advantage is ease of installation. The disadvantages include a higher probability of mechanical damage, and such devices look less aesthetically pleasing. Internal switching devices are more recessed into the wall (more difficult to damage, for example, when rearranging furniture), they look more beautiful. But they require the arrangement of socket boxes and are used in conjunction with hidden wiring.