Symbols and attributes of Hecate

The policy of "tightening the screws" with an increase in fines for Russians going to anti-government rallies will not reduce protest sentiments, but may provoke their increase. In fact, the new tough measures tell the public that the authorities are afraid of them. This opinion was expressed by a political scientist, head of the Political Expert Group, Konstantin Kalachev, in a comment to RIA Novy Den.

According to the expert, the motivation of the authorities in this situation is clear - the fear of mass protests related to the upcoming elections, although anything can become a trigger for going out.

“Accordingly, there is a desire to frighten with the size of the fines,” the agency's interlocutor explained, noting that for some part of the protest-minded Russians who could take part in the rallies, such preventive measures, of course, will become the reason abandoning their intentions.

However, as Kalachev believes, in general, the authorities risk getting the opposite effect. Massive fines lead, in particular, to the growth of public solidarity - even now Russians are successfully collecting huge sums for such payments by the whole world.

“It all depends on how massive the protest movement will be. As they say, in the world and death is red. It's one thing when 50 - 100 - 200 people come out, and they are easily knitted and everyone is fined to the maximum, and another story is when it comes to tens of thousands of people, if not hundreds, '' he stressed. - When fines dissolve in this mass of people and it seems that the authorities cannot do anything with so many people. Therefore, I think that the level of fear will be determined by the scale of the protests. There are situations when people’s self-preservation instinct is turned off and they don’t think about any fines. ”

The political scientist drew attention to the fact that preventive measures in the form of penalties can be deterred when the reason for taking to the streets seems insignificant, and the number of protesters is supposed to be small.

“There is world practice,” the expert recalled. - In the end, all authoritarian regimes at their decline, or having passed the stage of maturity, to one degree or another tighten the screws. Well, who and when did it ultimately help? ”

"On the contrary, I think that the flexibility of methods, the vegetarian nature of the authoritarian regime will provide him with a long comfortable life," he noted, stressing that the tightening of policy towards the disaffected population does not stop protest moods, but only prevention of protest actions.

“But [protest moods] in the end not only remain - they can grow, because people see that the authorities are afraid of them, and begin to think: why? That is, what has the government done or is going to do to be afraid of people? To be afraid of rallies, processions? " - explained Kalachev.

The expert cited Serbia as an example, where there were also massive protests against President Aleksandar Vucic.

"Dozens of people came out, blocked the streets," he said. - No one screwed anyone, no one fined anyone, no one was a truncheon, but they held meetings and dispersed peacefully. At the same time, of course, if they had stormed the parliament, for example, or the residence of Vucic, the most severe measures would certainly have been taken. "

The European Union has claims against Serbia regarding the implementation of democratic principles, the agency's interlocutor recalled - however, "there all the protests came to naught, and Vucic is more alive than all living beings as a politician."

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In ancient Greece, Hecate is one of the most revered and at the same time controversial goddesses. If other goddesses nevertheless leaned more towards darkness or light, then Hecate played the role of both the goddess of the night and the patroness of light. She patronized the crossroads, the dead, owned the keys to Tartarus itself. Hecate was often depicted as three-faced or three-faced. This goddess also held in her hands various attributes of Hecate. In ancient sources, a variety of items of the goddess' cult are listed. Various animals and tools were dedicated to Hecate.

Meaning of Hecate's Attributes

Goddess Hecate is one of the most unusual in terms of images and symbols. So, most often her sculpture included the following elements, which can often be seen in the photo of Hecate's symbols and her statues, reliefs, drawings:

Six-armed Hecate with six arms and attributes. State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

  • the goddess had three bodies or three heads; in the first case, all three parts of the goddess surrounded the pillar, and then a statue called hecateion was obtained, which was usually placed at intersections;
  • some statues, especially the very first ones, often have plant and natural elements, for example, Hecate could wear a wreath of herbs or oak branches;
  • sometimes she was depicted as a mother, even holding a child;
  • often in the hands of the goddess there were various objects-attributes, most often - a torch, snakes, an image keys or a single key, a dagger, sometimes a rope or a whip;
  • her faces could be replaced with animal heads, for example, a snake, dog, cow, boar, horse.

Hecate with various attributes. Artist Daniel Corquera.

Each symbol for the goddess Hecate had its own meaning. Very often, the attributes were associated with death or other functions of the goddess. The motives of witchcraft, the underworld and travel to it, as well as returning to the surface, were not less common. Now sometimes such drawings are used for tattoos, and the attributes of Hecate have entered the rituals of modern neo-pagan religions.

Goddess Hecate was honored as a guide in the midst of gloom and darkness, and mostly metaphorical. She gave the light of knowledge that only a few were honored with.

Torch of Hecate

The most famous and common symbol of Hecate is the torch. In almost all images of the goddess, a similar object is found, and it is he who, perhaps, best shows what kind of goddess Hecate was. Despite her patronage of the underworld, darkness, the dead, she was also the goddess of light that breaks through this darkness.

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