For some time now, there has been a rise in the popularity of SUVs on the roads. In most cases, the decision to buy such a car is dictated by the difficulties with the trip, especially in the autumn-winter conditions. In this text, we will explain what to look for when purchasing this type of vehicle. Omitting obvious issues like documentation compliance or current insurance and inspection - in this respect, the buying process is the same as for every passenger car.
Before you start looking for the desired SUV, you will need to think about what it is intended for. The classic group includes mainly well-known production models, such as the iconic Lada Niva. First of all, these are cars that are initially associated with the term SUV.
Lada Niva (Lada 4 × 4) has been on the market since 1977. The Russian SUV is over four decades old, but the well-known brand is not going to retire. It works well in moderately difficult terrain, such as dirt roads, rough terrain, or forests. It is a great choice for people who want to navigate more difficult terrain but do not intend to deal with truly extreme conditions.
This term conveys well the appearance of the LADA 4 × 4 model, whether it is a three- or 5-door model. Both versions are characterized by an angular appearance and a visually large body. This matches the character of the car and is beneficial for use on rough terrain - excellent visibility and clear contours of the car allow you to maneuver and overcome all obstacles without problems.
You also don't need to worry too much about possible direct contact with surrounding elements - strong metal sheets withstand shock and abrasion well.
What are the advantages of LADA 4 × 4?
Fans of LADA Niva are advised to familiarize themselves here with the complete equipment of both versions in all subtleties. For my part, I would like to note that the car, as before, can emerge victorious from a fairly large number of troubles. Small overhangs and small wheelbase have always made this vehicle ideal for off-roading and difficult to immobilize. Of course, this use is based on good tires, selected for the conditions in which you are going to ride.
16-inch wheels with 175/80 or 185/75 tires fitted with a universal tread are sufficient to tackle any kind of rough terrain. An additional option involves the installation of rubber of any other suitable size. Of course, for driving on the road a little wider and lower are better suited, and for winter and forest conditions, a second set is recommended. However, you should always remember about the high body and attention when cornering.
Chevrolet Niva is popular among fishermen, hunters and off-road enthusiasts because it presents limitless opportunities for movement on harsh off-road.
These off-road characteristics can be realized through the use of various engineering devices and mechanisms. Let's talk in more detail about Chevrolet Niva differentials.
First of all, a few words about the Niva device. She has a permanent all-wheel drive. What does it mean? It's simple - the torque is simultaneously transmitted to four wheels. This is one of the fundamental differences between the Niva and other cars. Their moment is fed only to one of the axles (front or rear).
All-wheel drive is realized thanks to the use of a transfer case. The torque, having passed the checkpoint, goes to the transfer case, and from it to the front and rear axles. This design allows you to create a center differential lock on the "Niva", which, together with all-wheel drive, provides it with increased cross-country ability. It is impossible not to say a few words about the differential here. Largely thanks to him, the excellent off-road characteristics of the Niva are realized.
It's hard to imagine a transfer case without the main functional component - a reduction gear. Finding the lever in the rear direction reduces the transfer case to 1.2.
By locking the lever at the front, the gear ratio can be increased to 2.1. Lever in neutral indicates gear ratio 0.
It is preferable to enable forced blocking in different Niva modifications in such situations:
Locking the wheels is not necessary when driving quietly on a flat road in the city. Traction on tarmac will be decent, with traction being evenly distributed by default.