Today, there are many varieties of linoleum on the market, which have some differences in their chemical formula, however, other performance characteristics are quite similar. The main types and varieties of modern types of linoleum include:
Before laying linoleum, you should take care of the flat surface of the base for this material. If the base is a concrete screed, then in this case it is possible to perform high-quality priming of the surface with special soils, which will ensure high adhesion and strength of the base. In the case of laying linoleum for a balcony on a wooden floor, it is necessary to pre-sheathe its base with plywood or chipboard, which will form a flat mounting platform, where later you can lay linoleum. In order to efficiently and quickly lay linoleum on the balcony, you need to take care of the availability of the following tools at hand:
At the first stage of work, the old floor covering should be dismantled. After that, debris and dust are removed from the surface of the base. At the next stage, priming is carried out with special solutions of the working surface, for which a roller is used. If the base is uneven and there are significant deformation areas, it is necessary to equip an additional cement screed, after which the base surface must also be primed. Most primers provide an average time for complete drying from 1 to 2 days, it is after this time that linoleum can be laid.
The required section of the coating is cut off with a construction knife. Also for this operation, metal scissors can be used, which do an excellent job with the task. The side of the linoleum that will be laid on the base must be clean and non-greasy.
The working surface of the base is carefully processed with a paintbrush or spatula with construction glue. A previously prepared piece of floor covering is applied from above and pressed against the base. For a reliable connection of linoleum to the base, you can take care of the presence of any load, however, it should be borne in mind that pressure should be applied to the entire floor area relatively evenly.
Linoleum on the balcony is ready for use after 3-4 days, during which the glue completely dries, however, this period may vary depending on the brand and manufacturer.
Laying linoleum with your own hands does not present any difficulties, however, special attention should be paid to accurate calculations and comparison of the cut-out section of the coating with the perimeter of the balcony or loggia. The final stage of laying linoleum should be considered the installation of skirting boards around the perimeter of the room
For this, a mounting plate is attached to the anchor using a punch or an impact drill to the balcony walls, on which the decorative plinth itself is subsequently applied
The final stage of linoleum laying should be considered the installation of skirting boards around the perimeter of the room. To do this, a mounting plate is attached to the anchor using a perforator or a hammer drill on the balcony walls, on which the decorative plinth itself is subsequently applied.
Relatively recently, a thin polymer film has appeared on the market of building finishing materials, which has the thinnest sputtering of gold, silver or chromium-nickel alloy, the thickness of which does not exceed a few nanometers and is commonly called a heat-saving film on windows.
Its efficiency in the house is due to a number of factors, taking into account which you can really achieve the effect of heat saving, saving up to 30% of heat consumption in an apartment or on a balcony in the cold season, but you can also get a number of completely undesirable effects. which this material possesses.
But many homeowners, even without a thermal imager, decide - the glass needs to be additionally protected from the cold! For this purpose, energy-saving, they are also heat-insulating, athermal films, which are often called the "third glass", are used. After all, it is the functions of additional glass that they perform, becoming a barrier to the entry of cold into the room and heat leakage from the house. Important! Yes, you can immediately buy triple-glazed windows, energy-saving, designed for severe frosts. But thermal film will definitely cost less
That is why it is in demand among apartment and house owners who have ordered double-glazed windows.
Remember how many homeowners used to just stuff their windows outside with plastic wrap for the winter? Yes, it didn't look very nice, you can't open the window in winter, the street is practically invisible, but this measure helped to reduce heat loss through old wooden windows. Thermal films operate on the same principle, they look similar to ordinary polyethylene films. However, they are easier to use, they are attached from the inside, they do not interfere with the ventilation of the rooms, they do not block the view from the window.
Describing the types of protective films for windows, we mentioned energy-saving ones. The thermal insulation film, despite the external similarity to ordinary polyethylene, is in fact a polyester sheet, on which an extremely thin layer of metal or ceramic is sprayed.
It is thanks to this layer, which is applied by a flame discharge in an argon atmosphere, that the thermal film gains the ability not to release warm air from the house in winter, and in summer - to prevent the room from heating up excessively. According to experts, the energy-saving film on the window can raise the room temperature by at least 3 ° C.
The cost of thermal films for windows can vary significantly. You can buy a square meter of such a protective coating for 50 rubles, or you can buy it for 500 rubles. The difference is in the properties of the film itself. The cheapest thermal films can hardly be called truly energy-saving, they create the effect of a thermos, serve as a "third glass", but do not protect against infrared rays.