The healing power of evergreen trees has long been known, their ability to produce large amounts of oxygen. Surrounded by lush forest beauties, there are sanatoriums, holiday homes, medical institutions.
You can also recreate a unique forest atmosphere on your land plot by planting your favorite types of conifers: juniper, fir, cypress, thuja, pine and spruce. Moreover, they all require a certain amount of care.
The purpose of planting evergreens in the garden is to create a beautiful unique landscape. And although this group of plants does not bear fruit, they do not expect a harvest from them, the introduction of fertilizing is necessary, first of all, to improve the decorative qualities. If coniferous plants are weakened, have lost their original color, do not grow, fertilization is simply necessary. About what to fertilize conifers, how and when to make top dressing will be discussed in this article.
For feeding conifers, mineral and complex fertilizers used to fertilize garden berries and vegetables, fruit trees are not at all suitable. Thuja, juniper, dwarf yew, fir, cypress and other conifers do not need more nitrogen, but other nutrients: magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus. After all, chlorophyll gives the foliage a rich color throughout the year. This element is obtained by plants through photosynthesis. And if chlorophyll is fully formed, all the needles on the tree are bright, healthy, shiny. Yellow, stunted, sparse and unsightly needles indicate a lack of chlorophyll. Magnesium is involved in the process of photosynthesis. Accordingly, feeding this microelement with conifers is necessary in the first place.
If the needles on the tree began to turn yellow unevenly, it is possible that the plant does not have enough magnesium, but calcium. With a lack of this element, the growth of needles is delayed. They dry up and fall off, while the leaves formed earlier (with normal fertilization) remain healthy.
And the whole point is that the widespread opinion that conifers grow better on acidified soil is partly wrong and can lead to the death of a plant precisely because of a lack of calcium in such soil. After all, thuja, spruce, fir and juniper grow well on slightly acidic soils, while pine needs a neutral soil. Lack of sulfur also leads to yellowing of the tree and slowing down of growth. And iron deficiency contributes to the development of a disease such as chlorosis. The disease is accompanied by a slowdown in photosynthesis - the needles turn pale, turn yellow and fall off. Boron is essential for conifers to strengthen immunity, resistance to low and high temperatures. If a tree cannot withstand too hot summers or cold winters, this is a clear sign of a boron deficiency.
Specialized fertilizers for conifers are produced with a minimum nitrogen content. Plants of this group need it in meager quantities. An excess of nitrogen is unacceptable for several reasons at once:
Trifon Zarezan - a reason to drink Bulgarian wine!
Tryphon is an Orthodox saint who rid fields and vineyards of harmful insects. Interestingly, to the north of the Balkans, Tryphon is already considered the patron saint of hunters and farmers. In Balkan temples, there are still images of Tryphon with a vine and tools for pruning grapes.
“Zerezan” not because he stabbed someone or cut off the vine, but because he accidentally cut off the tip of his nose while working. Blood sprinkled the earth, and the grapes turned out to be extremely successful. Since then, there has been a tradition to water the earth with wine.
Traditions of the holiday: the ritual of pruning the vine
Traditionally on this day it is customary to prune the vine so that the grapes give a large harvest. This custom gave the name to the holiday: no one else is slaughtered, no bloody sacrifices are brought.
Celebration these days is about making the most of fun drinks. Earlier, many traditions were associated with this day. Bulgarians woke up at dawn, poured homemade wine into a special vessel and put it together with food in a bag. With this bag, the owner of the house went to the vineyards, where other men also gathered. They used the last opportunity to rest before the spring field work, so they celebrated heartily for three whole days.
The men cut off the shoots from the vine, and then watered the plantings with wine. Then they chose the "Tsar for the suckers." He was decorated with a wreath of vines and dragged on a cart to the city or village. In every house, the king and his retinue were treated to and even watered with wine. The wet and drunken king came home, changed his clothes and arranged a long meal, to which all the villagers were invited.
No special rituals are required from modern people. It is enough to uncork a bottle of your favorite wine and drink it to the glory of the patron saint of winemaking.
Inhabitants of a village or street gather in the early morning and choose from among the most successful winemakers Tsar Tryphon - the most respected and experienced. Tryphon's hat is decorated with a vine wreath, a vine pruner is given to him and placed in a festive cart. Musicians are going to the neighboring one.