Solanaceae family: signs, representatives, formula

quick school hairstyles in minutes

Getting a girl to school is sometimes a difficult task. In the mornings, there is an acute shortage of time not only for the child, but also for the parents. It will not be difficult to make a light hairstyle for different hair lengths, because special skills are not required to collect strands into a simple ponytail or braid. Styling your curls will only take 5 minutes if you choose the right hairstyle. We offer several easy options.

You can also study. The most fashionable hairstyles for September 1!

Ponytail inside out

Inside Out Ponytail is more suitable for girls with long or medium hair. No special skills or tools are needed here. Of the accessories, an elastic band and a special loop will be required, which will facilitate the work. If the last tool is out of stock, don't be discouraged. The hairstyle is easy to do without this device.

Hair is well combed and collected in a relatively low ponytail. The elastic should be lightly tightened - this will be required for further actions. With our hands or a loop, we thread the end of the tail into a makeshift hole between the head and the base of the hairstyle. At this stage, you can already tighten the elastic band, and the stray hair should be smoothed. With such a simple hairstyle, you can send your child to school or kindergarten.

Tail double knot

The Double Knot tail is just as simple and easy. As in the previous version, the hairstyle is completed in a maximum of 5 minutes. Uncomplicated hair styling can be done both for a little one and for an older girl. From the tools you will need an elastic band, a comb and styling foam.

Perfectly comb your hair, distribute the foam on the strands. This is done for better fixation of the hairstyle. The curls hang down on one shoulder and are divided into 2 equal parts. We tie two strands in a knot, then do the action again. The ends are fixed with an invisible elastic band and the structure is secured with invisible ones. Loose hair can be left smooth or fluffed up with a comb.

The hairstyle looks beautiful and unusual. Any girl will be delighted with this styling of curls.


An easy and simple hairstyle in the kindergarten in 5 minutes is the “Droplet” tail. This styling looks best on long hair. To create the tail, you will need invisible elastic bands and invisibility.

Hairstyles that a 9-year-old child can do to himself

Flavored soup with smoked chicken and processed cheese

  • smoked leg - 300 gr
  • processed cheese - 3 tablespoons (I have a viola)
  • potatoes - 3 pieces
  • carrots - 1 pc
  • onions - 1 pc
  • dill greens - for serving
  • salt and spices - to taste
  • < li> vegetable oil - for frying

Boil the leg, remove it from the broth, disassemble it into fibers and transfer it back to the broth Next, add the diced potatoes and finely chopped carrots (or grated) Fry the onions until golden brown and add the melted cheese to the soup. over low heat for 15 - 20 or more minutes until the cheese is ready and completely dissolved. When serving, sprinkle with finely chopped dill or other favorite herbs Bon appetit !!

Pea soup with hunting sausages and cheese


  • Peas - 1 cup
  • Potatoes - 3 pieces
  • Carrots - 1 piece
  • Onions - 1 pcs
  • Hunting sausages - 5 pcs
  • Processed cheese - 1 pc (or 2 tablespoons)
  • Greens - optional
  • Salt and spices - to taste
  • Vegetable oil - for frying Calculation for - 3 liters

Preparation Soak peas for 2 hours or overnight Pour peas into boiling salted water, cook for 30 minutes constantly removing foam, add potatoes Frying

Finely chop the onions, grate the carrots (or finely chop) fry until almost cooked, add the sausages cut into slices Add frying to the peas with potatoes and melted cheese and cook until the cheese is completely melted, sprinkle with herbs when serving Enjoy your meal .

Chicken and mushroom pea soup


Getting a girl to school is sometimes a difficult task. In the mornings, there is an acute shortage of time not only for the child, but also for the parents. It will not be difficult to make a light hairstyle for different hair lengths, because in order to collect strands in an uncomplicated ...

In the spring, yellow-green male cones form at the base of young shoots. In male cones, pollen grains are formed, consisting of two cells - vegetative and generative. The generative cell is divided into two male gametes - sperm. Female cones are collected in 1-3 at the ends of young shoots. Each cone is an axis from which two types of scales extend: sterile and seed. On each seed scale, two ovules are formed on the inside. In the center of the ovule, the endosperm develops, which is the female gametophyte. The endosperm develops from the megaspore, two archegonia are formed in its tissue. The pollen is carried by the wind, gets on female cones and the ovule penetrates to the pollen duct. A sticky liquid is released from the pollen passage, and when it dries, the pollen is drawn into the ovule. When the dust particles fall on the female cones, the scales close and stick together with resin: at this time, the ovules are not yet ready for fertilization. Between pollination and fertilization in a pine, about a year passes. The vegetative cell of the pollen grain grows into the pollen tube, which reaches the archegonia. At the end of the pollen tube there are two sperm: one of them dies, and the other fuses with the egg of one of the archegonia. The embryo develops from the formed zygote.

The first seed plants were the now extinct seed ferns, they gave rise to gymnosperms. Gymnosperms are ancient seed plants that are on the path of biological progress. They appeared on Earth over 350 million years ago, long before the angiosperms appeared. Scientists believe that gymnosperms are descended from ancient multi-spore seed ferns that have not survived to this day. Seed fern prints are found in the deep layers of the earth's crust.

Pine branch structure

The structure of the female pine cone

In spring, small reddish buds can be seen on the tops of young shoots. These are female cones. The female cone consists of an axis, or rod, on which scales are located. On the scales of female cones, unprotected, like naked (hence the name - gymnosperms), ovules lie, in each of them an egg cell is formed.

The structure of the female pine cone

Male pine cone structure

There are male cones on the same branches as the female ones. They are located not at the top of the young shoot, but at their base. Male cones are small, oval, yellow and in close groups.

Each male cone consists of an axis on which scales are also located. On the underside of each scale there are two pollen sacs, in which pollen matures - a collection of dust particles, in which male sex cells - sperm cells - are later formed.

The structure of a mature pine cone

Fertilization in pine occurs a year after the pollen hits the female cones. And the seeds spill out six months later, at the end of winter. By this time, a mature female lump becomes brown in color and reaches 4-6 cm. / P>

How to choose a house for a hamster and what is it for

It seems to inexperienced livestock breeders that a glass jar with sawdust or cut paper is enough for a domestic hamster for comfort and comfort. In fact, this is far from the case, a hamster house is as much an integral part of a cage as a feeder and drinker. It is in it that rodents prefer to rest and sleep off. In modern pet shops, you can easily find a cozy "home" for a dzungarik or for a Syrian hamster, depending on the financial situation of the breeder and his preferences. However, before the planned purchase, it is important to learn a few simple rules.

When do hamsters dream and why do they need a house?

In the wild, rodents like to equip their nests in small shelters: hollows, burrows, grooves, nests. They are nocturnal, rodents like to sleep off during the day. For this, they choose small spaces that provide the animals with safety, comfort and the necessary thermoregulation.

For pets, their owners have to take care of their comfort. In order for the pet to rest calmly after night walks on the wheel, it is advisable to equip its cage with a small house.

In this case, two unforeseen situations may arise. If the hamster does not sleep in the house, there are reasons for that. As a rule, rodents reject the housing, the smell of which they do not like. After washing the dwelling, it should be placed in the place where the animal curls up into a ball and rests.

The hamster may just get hot (especially in the summer), and he chose a more ventilated place. Do not worry that the hamster has stopped sleeping in the house if the animal is healthy, mobile and eats the offered food with appetite. Let him sleep where it is convenient for him.

There are also the opposite cases, the pet is so accustomed to its secluded place that it does not leave the house. This happens when the animal adapts to new conditions, or is very scared. However, if the "fluffy" does not come out of the shelter to eat or drink, then some disease may be the cause. In this case, you need to lure the hamster out of the house or carefully remove it from there by lifting the structure. The animal must be carefully examined and, at the slightest suspicion of a disease, shown to the veterinarian.

How to equip a pet house

The rodent's house serves as a fortress. Here he likes to rest, build nests, hide supplies for a "rainy day". It is important to remember that the hamster equips his home according to his own taste. The owners can only choose the model of the house for their pet and help him in the "decoration" of housing, throwing napkins, shavings, sawdust, equal paper, shreds into the cage. From the options offered, the animal will independently choose what suits him best.

Some owners prefer to put cotton wool in their pet's house. Such material can be used, but only in small quantities. Otherwise, the cotton wool will get tangled between the small fingers of the rodent and cause a lot of inconvenience to the baby.

You can make a house with your own hands from scrap materials (wood, fabric, ceramics, plastic, plant fibers, vines), however, it is better to purchase a finished product at a pet store. At present, there are various options for hamster houses.

Plants of the Solanaceae family - general characteristics

Solanaceae (Solanaceae) are a family of dicotyledonous plants, which unites from 90 to 115 genera, from 2500 to 2900 species. The homeland of most of the family members is Central and South America. Life forms: grasses, shrubs and shrubs, lianas, less often small trees.


Mandragora - the oldest genus of the Solanaceae family includes 2-3 species, one of which is a relic of the Tertiary flora. Mandragora officinalis is a herbaceous perennial with a shortened stem, a bunch of large leaves and a thick root resembling a human figure in shape (Fig. 1).

All parts of the plant contain alkaloids, the root is especially rich in atropine, scopolamine, phytosterols. In ancient times, mandrake was attributed to miraculous properties, in the Middle Ages it was used in alchemy and witchcraft rituals.

The genus Solanum is a large group in the family (from 40 to 80% of the total number of species). Annuals and perennials with erect, lying, creeping stem, feathery or pinnately dissected leaves. The corolla of the flowers are white, yellow, pink or purple.

Agricultural plants of the genus Nightshade:

The genus Dereza is a perennial shrub with thin curved branches, simple leaves, single flowers or small inflorescences. Corolla with five purple, purple or white petals. The fruit is an elongated berry up to 2 cm long, red, orange, yellow (Fig. 4).

Traits of the Morphology family

The stem of nightshade is erect or clinging. Leaves are simple, whole, serrated along the edge, lobed or incised, arranged alternately on the stem, and closer to the flower or inflorescence - in pairs. Inflorescence - brush, curl, scutellum or panicle.

Corolla funnel-shaped, broadly bell-shaped or wheel-shaped, formed by partially accrete petals, isomeric with the calyx (Fig. 5). The number of stamens is equal to the number of corolla lobes; they are all of the same length with anthers. The pistil consists of two accrete carpels; there are many ovules. The fruit is a berry or a capsule. Seeds are round or kidney-shaped and contain storage protein. The embryo is curved.


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