What should drinking water look like, how often should the entrances in multi-storey buildings be washed, and where should the trees not be treated with harmful chemicals? New sanitary rules and regulations (SanPiN) for the maintenance of urban and rural settlements, which come into force on March 1, are dedicated to the creation of a clean and healthy environment. Parlamentskaya Gazeta studied the key provisions of the document.
New SanPiN is another phenomenon of the "regulatory guillotine", since this document alone will replace 26 old codes of practice. Of these, 16 expired on March 1, another ten will be abolished from 2022. Among those canceled are the requirements for the quality of air and drinking water in cities, the rules for the placement and disposal of household and industrial waste, the classification of sanitary protection zones, and so on. All basic norms from old documents were included in the unified new SanPiN.
Such a large-scale optimization of sanitary rules will greatly simplify the life of the sanitary and epidemiological authorities, and will also remove many questions for ordinary citizens, says Vladimir Krugly, candidate of medical sciences, member of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy.
“The regulatory framework should be simple and straightforward. And when there is a mass of laws, bylaws and all sorts of regulations, then a situation arises when people no longer understand what they want from them: no matter what they do, they violate the law or regulation. That is why such a "regulatory guillotine" is being carried out, the senator told Parlamentskaya Gazeta.
He added that in the health sector, the project to inventory the rules is still quite slow.
In the section on urban and rural settlements, there are many rules regarding the collection of household waste. New SanPiN states that playgrounds with tanks cannot be near residential buildings, schools, playgrounds and sports grounds - they must be located at a distance of 20 to 100 meters, no closer and no further. Much closer, eight meters from buildings and sites, containers for separate waste collection can be placed. The bins themselves need to be fenced off so that garbage from them does not scatter around the area. The duty of the workers of the garbage truck has been fixed to clean up everything that was scattered on the site when loading waste.
Garbage from unsorted bins should be removed once a day if the average air temperature is above five degrees Celsius. In colder times, a garbage truck can call in once every three days. In the regions of the Far North and in the Arctic zone, their own standards, they must be established by regional sanitary doctors. In public places, trash cans should be at least every hundred meters, and in parks and on beaches - every forty meters.
SanPiN prohibit stacking snow and ice collected from roads and streets, on children's and sports grounds, as well as in recreation and walking areas. Also, you cannot throw snow onto frozen water bodies and stack it within a radius of 50 meters from wells and wells.
Also, in parks and places of mass recreation, SanPiN require the placement of public latrines. Dry closets should be emptied once a day in warm weather and once every three days in cold weather.
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