When creating a pond, it is very important to reproduce a miniature ecosystem that lives and develops independently.
Pond plants are very useful, as are other plants. They help filter water, absorb nutrients, and provide shelter for pond dwellers.
Plants for ponds are selected in accordance with the general concept of the garden. A pond in an Art Nouveau country house usually contains a minimum of plants.
But in classic ponds there are always a lot of different plants, which also act as some kind of decorative elements.
It is also necessary to plant plants near the pond. Medium to high, blooming - they create a unique beauty, as well as shade from bright sunlight, create a cozy atmosphere for the local fauna.
Some plants can be planted in the ground, and some will float freely in the water. Floating plants perfectly complement the pond, adding unique beauty and charm. Water lily, water hyacinth and water lettuce are especially popular among floating plants. These plants provide excellent shade for fish.
Most of the floating plants are propagated by bulbs. A lotus or water lily, for example, will have no problem releasing gorgeous flowers onto the surface of the water while their roots grow in pots at the bottom of the pond. For best growth, the bulbs should be placed at medium depth or in shallow water.
Another popular type of floating plants is aponogeton bicolor. This plant has dark green, belt-like leaves, and produces white fragrant flowers twice over the whole season. Aponogetones are perfect for bodies of water in which water lilies do not have enough light for full development.
Free floating plants belong to this group. In reservoirs where there are such plants, the water will always be crystal clear. The leaves of these plants reduce the amount of light so that blue-green algae do not develop in the water.
Filamentous roots that float freely in the water column are capable of absorbing a huge amount of mineral salts dissolved in water, depriving algae of basic nutrition. Most of these plants sink to the bottom during frost and return to the surface only at the onset of spring.
Floating plants, as a rule, multiply very quickly and cover the entire surface of the reservoir. Therefore, they need to be thinned periodically. Such plants include: frog water color, yellow marsh flower, yellow egg capsule, red highlander, water walnut, white pond, etc.