It is difficult to independently assimilate the norms prescribed in SNiP, but for the construction of any building on a summer cottage they are necessary in order to document the construction without any problems in the future. Compliance with the rules for building a summer residence is also mandatory because the services of garden non-profit partnerships (SNT) become available only after verification.
When compared with the creation of a full-fledged residential building, the norms for summer cottages are less strict, and the rules allow construction exclusively on a summer cottage with a water source (well, well or pipeline). Other communications are not required, for example, sewerage, and a standard toilet stall is enough for spending summer time outside the city.
When erecting a house, take into account the norms for the height of living rooms, the construction of even a small house implies a ceiling height of 2.2 meters, otherwise the structure at the summer cottage will not comply with the standards and will entail negative consequences for the paperwork.
How to properly plan objects on a piece of land is clearly spelled out in SNiP. In SNT, there are rarely large plots, and by law the construction of a large-sized house is prohibited, in addition, a building on a summer cottage plot is located closer than 3 m to the border with neighbors.
In SNiP there is a concept of a "red line" - the border separating public lands from residential buildings. The minimum distance from the house to the "red line" is 3 m, and if the building is located on a full-fledged street, tolerances are allowed to increase this distance to 5 m.
To minimize the risk of fire, you need to know what are the standards for the placement and construction of neighboring buildings on a summer cottage: • 6 m, if both buildings are made of stone or blocks with reinforced concrete • 15 m, if the objects are made of wood • 8 m for wooden roofs • 10 m between wood and stone building.
The building density for a standard area of 6-12 acres, according to the rules, is up to 30%.
In addition to the placement of basic premises, sanitary and hygienic standards are envisaged, for example, during the construction of a residential building without a sewage system, a private toilet is equipped at a summer cottage no closer than 8 meters from the house.
When the documents are collected, they begin planning and construction, if the plan was drawn up in advance and all the norms were taken into account, start construction from the fence, marking the border. The height of the outer fence is from 1.5 m of mesh or lattice. Fixed fences must be approved by the gardening community. If, in addition to housing, it is planned to build a bathhouse, keep in mind that the distance from the border with neighbors at the summer cottage, according to the rules, leaves from 3 m. Having taken note of the provisions of SNiP, you can start working.
Fruit shrubs and trees look beautiful on the site in the spring flowering period. And if you plant conifers in the yard, they will look aesthetically pleasing both in summer and in winter. That is why these plants are in great demand among gardeners when beautifying personal plots.
In this article, we will consider the main advantages and disadvantages of planting conifers on the site, which varieties are better to plant, how to do it correctly, and a lot of other useful information.
Conifers on the site not only look great at any time of the year, but also purify the air, saturate it with an unobtrusive and pleasant aroma of needles. Breeders have bred such a huge number of thujas, junipers, pines and small firs that any even the most demanding gardener will definitely select the variety for the site that will become its main decoration.
The main advantages of planting conifers on the site are:
As for the disadvantages of planting conifers on the site, there are practically none. The only thing is that some gardeners have noticed that the close proximity of some conifers (such as junipers) next to fruit trees (for example, pears) can infect them with fungal diseases (rust on the leaves).
But when planting a pine, it is worth considering that it reacts very much to the air around it. It is not recommended to plant it next to the roadway, since the needles on the pine will begin to turn yellow from exhaust gases, dust and smoke, and the tree itself will wither.
Also, the disadvantages of planting pine on the site include the fact that with an incorrectly selected variety, a tree in an adult state can reach enormous sizes and greatly darken the site.
Attention: do not plant pine trees near buildings. They have a very powerful root system that can destroy the foundation over time.