Lemon, one of the few fruiting plants that can be grown at home without much difficulty. Unlike exotic pineapples and bananas, which can also be grown at home, even a child can sprout an eaten lemon seed (which they often amuse themselves with). But growing a little lemon is not all. To achieve full fruiting, you need to make an effort and have at least a minimum of knowledge about how to care for lemon at home. Subsequently, all these efforts will pay off handsomely. If we omit the indisputable decorative qualities of the evergreen lemon tree and the beauty of fragrant flowers, and focus only on fruiting, then lovers of "useful" indoor plants will be delighted. Indoor lemon produces large, full-fledged fruits, which in their taste are often superior to purchased ones. A mature lemon tree at home, capable of bearing fruit throughout the year, and the number of fruits is quite capable of allowing you to forget about buying lemons.
As I mentioned, the easiest way to grow a lemon is from a seed. This is often done in passing by sticking the seed into a pot of any other indoor plant. Usually such seeds both germinate and grow for some time, but in most cases, this is all. If you want to grow a full-fledged lemon tree from a seed, then you need to give it an individual space with the most suitable land for it. In principle, the usual mixture for indoor flowers is also suitable for germinating lemon seeds, but it is better to make it even easier by diluting it with pure peat. For germination, seeds taken from well-ripe fruits are best suited (unripe lemons are often found on sale). The pot should be small - 7-9 centimeters in diameter (as for growing violets). The bone is deepened by about a centimeter - one and a half. Then we put the pot in a bright, warm place. It is advisable, as when growing seedlings, to create greenhouse conditions for the seed. To do this, just cover the pot with a regular glass jar. On this, the process of planting a lemon seed can be considered complete. During germination, make sure that the soil does not dry out. A sprout should appear in a couple of weeks.
Caring for a lemon seedling is also simple. Maintain the moisture of the earth, do not let it dry out too much, spray periodically. To maintain greenhouse conditions, leave it under the same jar, only periodically (once a day) remove it for a few minutes to ventilate and remove condensation from the walls of the jar. So the young lemon is kept until it grows up to about 15 centimeters. After that, you can transfer it into a more spacious (10 cm in diameter) pot, add more nutritious soil (more on it below) and start caring like an adult lemon.
BUT! This simplicity has a significant drawback. For many years, a lemon grown from a stone will only be an ornamental plant for you, and there can be no question of any fruiting for a long time. Only after 10 years can you count on flowering and the beginning of fruiting. There is a way to speed up this process, but it will speed it up by a maximum of 4 - 5 years. This method is not easy and I will definitely describe it separately.
The method of grafting a cutting of a fruiting lemon onto an adult non-fruiting tree is considered more effective. As a rootstock, you can use the same lemon grown from the seed. By the way. Any citrus tree (tangerine, orange, etc.) is suitable as a stock. Lemon is planted in the same way as ordinary garden trees. This operation is rather complicated and beyond the ability of most novice florists, so if you decide on it, think carefully about whether you can carry it out with high quality.
Despite the fact that the fruiting of such a lemon will begin incomparably earlier than when grown in other ways, it also has a number of significant disadvantages.
- Firstly, the method is complex and requires skills.
- Secondly, you need to have a well-developed stock (at least three years old), and it also takes time to grow it ...