In Belarus, there are two dates for which fresh tulips are prepared: February 14 and March 8. By Valentine's Day, 10-15 percent of all delicate products are usually laid. The rest of the feast of color is being prepared for the feast of women. On the eve of March 8, we arrived at the "tulip fields" of Brest, in the greenhouses of "Versilia". Yellow, white with a pink haze, dark purple ... tulips still adorn under the white canopy of greenhouses, but most are already included in the movement to the buyer in the Planet of Flowers chain of stores.
- Every year for the 8th of March we grow more than 300,000 tulips - practically one flower for each resident of Brest, - says the director of the Versilia ChTPUP Konstantin MOYSYUK. - Every day for two weeks we pack 30,000 flowers. We have to fit in a short time, we work all daylight hours. For many years, our company has been delivering around the clock, so we must be ready to send flowers at any moment.
Versilia buys tulip bulbs from the Netherlands. The country has long become a real factory for the industrial production of flowers. So along the entire chain of the full cycle - from receipt of the product to delivery to the consumer - the process is strictly optimized and brought to perfection.
For example, there is a modern tulip pruner. The conveyor belt with "gears" crushes the onion in such a way as to keep the extra 5 centimeters of the stem sitting in the onion. The flower gets extra height and an evenly cut root. In the Netherlands, such machines are also equipped with software, with the help of which the machine counts the number of flowers passed, picks up a given number of stems and binds them into bunches. Only at the final operation is human intervention necessary - to place the flowers in a container with water, where a tube with a power supply is connected.
In such a mixture, when cold, tulips can stay in buds for up to a month. On pre-holiday days, up to 50 Versilia employees come to the Tulip Field. The firm purchased a special tulip cutting machine. But here the Dutch technology is presented in a truncated version - the counter is not computerized, but automatic. At the same time, three people work on the conveyor: the flower gets rid of the bulb and immediately falls under a drum covered with soft material. These "gentlest hands" techniques transfer the tulip to assembly - so that the flower does not move off the trajectory and is not injured.
In order for the flower to reach the required size by the deadline, nature must be deceived. First, the bulb is grown, not allowing it to bloom for two to three years. When she has grown up and is ready to "go out," in May she is dug up and sent to dry. And only 15-19 weeks before March 8 (depending on the variety) they are cooled. Florists in Belarus buy Dutch bulbs after cooling - for commercial reasons. In addition, in the Netherlands, the bulb is constantly subjected to expensive scanning - before laying in the cold, and afterwards - before being transported to different countries. Even at home, all unsuccessful goods are eliminated, and only selected copies are sold.
"Winter" for the bulb comes in late August and early September, when it is placed in refrigerators. Here she is at rest at a temperature of 9 degrees Celsius. Tulip bulbs travel to Belarus in refrigerators for three days. On the spot, the tulips are put back into the cold rooms at the same temperature. Several wellness procedures - and the bulbs are sent for planting in the ground.
- We plant the bulb at 9 degrees of heat, - says Konstantin Anatolyevich. - When it comes into contact with the soil, it begins to grow, roots are formed. If we are preparing a flower for February 14, let it grow immediately, in November. And if she should give a flower by March 8, we cool her down to 3 degrees Celsius to stop at the point of growth, and leave it until January. And already on January 1-2, we begin to raise the temperature in the greenhouse by degrees per day - up to 12 degrees. So by January 9, the temperature in the greenhouse reaches 12 degrees and lasts until February 23 - the moment when tulips need to be picked and packaged. It is symbolic that it is from February 23rd that we begin to massively form bouquets for Women's Day.
Currant bushes bear fruit for 20 years with proper care. In addition to regularly feeding, watering and loosening the soil, periodic pruning is required. If this is not done in time, then over time the sheets will become more and more, and the number and size of berries will significantly decrease.
Any bush with berries requires annual pruning if you want to continue to harvest, as well as extend the life of the plant. The main fruits appear on the branches when the plant is 2-3 years old. For the next few years, the currants no longer bear fruit in full force. The situation is aggravated even if the plant develops diseases and does not grow new shoots.
Timely pruning encourages the plant to branch better and produce many annual shoots. Replacing them regularly will prevent stagnation, so there will be plenty of berries every year. Spring pruning is considered sanitary and formative, here are the main advantages of this procedure:
After the spring procedure, the currants will have to spend energy to recover, so at first there will be less fruit.
Time should be guided individually. Usually, pruning is done in early March, even if there is still snow outside. Swelling of the kidneys serves as a signal for this. It indicates the beginning of active sap flow, during this period the plant is easiest to recover. If you missed this moment and later remembered the procedure, then the sections should be additionally processed with garden pitch, if their diameter exceeds 2 cm. A rag is placed on top of this.
Some pruning features are determined depending on the intended purpose. There is a shaping and rejuvenating technique.
It is only suitable for old plantings. The shrub is fully formed in 5-7 years, while the most prolific branches are those whose age does not exceed 3 years. The rest of the shoots take away nutrients, but give few berries, they quickly succumb to pests. For this reason, gardeners remove all processes that are older than 4 years, and the rest are shortened by a quarter. If the plant is already more than 10 years old, then all branches are removed, leaving small shoots no more than 5 cm. / P>