At the beginning of March it is still frosty outside the window, but the hot summer cottage season is already in full swing! And although gardeners and gardeners are still sitting in their warm city apartments, by the beginning of spring they usually have time to prepare the seed: disinfect it and treat it with antibacterial agents, so that it can be sent to the ground in the first or second half of the first spring month. For a start - in a closed one. And after the seedlings grow up, transplant to a permanent place in the garden. Today we will talk about plants that are worth remembering in February in order to plant their seeds in containers filled with substrate in March. Among them you will find beautiful flowers, traditional vegetables, and healthy juicy greens.
March is a long month. No longer, of course, than all the others, but at this time of year even two or three days are crucial. Therefore, you should know exactly when to throw flower seeds into the ground. We have divided flower crops into two types: the first of them should be sown in the first 15 days of spring, and the second - in the period from the middle to the end of the month.
Early March flora
Verbena is considered the most popular flower crop, which is sown for growing seedlings at the very beginning of March. To do this, fill the prepared container with a mixture of sand and perlite, throw the seeds directly onto the fluffed substrate, sprinkle the seed with a small amount of humus - and tighten the container with cling film, thus forming a small greenhouse. After small sprouts appear in the container, the film is removed and no longer put on. This rule is relevant for any seedling, so it should be remembered.
However, verbena is by no means the only flower culture with which the remote opening of the summer season actually begins. There are others that you can work with at this time of year.
- Petunia. then the plant has established itself as an excellent ground cover and at the same time ampelous representative of the flora. It all depends on what place in the country you define it. True, this is still a long way off, because we are only sowing seeds. In the case of petunia, there is no need to sprinkle its seed with soil. It is enough just to scatter the seeds over the container and thoroughly moisten them with a spray bottle. And yes, before the end of May, it is not worth planting a petunia on a flower bed, otherwise all the work done may be crossed out by belated frosts.
- Marigolds. These flowers are best sown in a container with a plastic lid. But first you need to prepare the substrate. To do this, we take one part of peat, humus and sod soil, mix them, and then add half more of the sand. After sowing, the seeds should be lightly sprinkled with the rest of the substrate and covered with a plastic lid until the first shoots appear. The grown marigolds will be ready for moving to open ground not earlier than by the middle of the first summer month.
- Dahlias. You can do the same with dahlias as with marigolds. A similar soil is suitable for them. And you need to plant them in an open flower bed in the same period.
- Echinacea. The emen of this representative of the flora, distant resembling a chamomile, must be deepened half a centimeter into the ground during sowing. The top layer of the substrate, in which the echinacea seeds sit, must be sprinkled with sand. The seeds will germinate not earlier than in a month and a half. This is their main feature. Echinacea is planted in open ground quite early - in the middle of the last spring month.
- Fragrant tobacco. The seeds of scented tobacco are not sprinkled on top of the substrate. Professional flower growers are sure that it is enough to just slightly deepen them into the ground with a slight movement of the hand. Three weeks later, starting from this moment, sprouts will appear. It is important to spray them from a spray bottle in a timely and fairly abundant manner, and as growth progresses, replace the instrument with a watering can equipped with a thin spout. By the end of March, tiny flowers will be ready to take their permanent place in the flower bed. Just do not forget to pre-harden them.
- Phlox Drummond. the bottom of the most popular varietal varieties of phlox blooms in early summer and continues its breathtaking flowering until mid-September. But in order for your front garden to be filled with colorful flowers already in the first days of summer, in the first days of March, the seeds of Drummond phlox should be thrown into closed ground.
All of the listed flower crops can be transplanted into a flower bed only when stable positive weather is established in your region. Sudden frosts can kill unseasoned seedlings.
Late March flowers
Once the first half of March is over and petunias and dahlias take their places in plastic containers and may even hatch, it's time to sow the next flower crops.
- Zinnia. If you have fresh seeds of this plant, then they must be sorted into a couple of pieces and sent to peat pots: two in one, two in the second, and so on. Sowing of three is permissible. It is absolutely not necessary to form a shelter over the pots of zinnia - they will do without a “roof”. Moreover, the first shoots will appear in a maximum of a week, that is, quite quickly. Seedlings should be watered regularly, but not poured: if you see that the clod of earth is dry, add moisture to the pot. And you should also stock up on mineral fertilizers. The first portion should be added immediately after the sprouts appear, the second - after 14 days, the third - 21 days after the second.
- Ageratum. For sowing ageratum, three components should be mixed: peat, humus and sand. Moreover, all ingredients must be taken in the same proportion. The seeds of the plant should not be buried too deep. But, on the contrary, it is necessary to tighten the container with cling film.
- Alissum. approximately the same should be done with lobularia, which has established itself as a beautiful ground cover plant. For reference: Alyssum and Lobularia are one and the same.
- Maurandia. To get a blooming liana, which turns columns, walls, arches, gazebos and hedges into an amazing blooming living organism, entwining everything that comes in its path, it is necessary to plant seeds in separate peat pots at the rate of one pot for one seed. The filling should be a loose and light nutritious soil. The first shoots will not form as quickly as we would like: at least after 28 days, and possibly even after one and a half to two months. For about a week after the emergence of sprouts, Maurandia should be kept under glass or cling film, periodically airing. But after 7 days, the film will still have to be removed. You need to be especially careful with watering, since overflow is fraught with a black leg for maurandia.
- Iberis. Iberis is sown as follows: the seeds are simply scattered over the surface of the substrate, and on top they are barely sprinkled with river sand. Iberis is better not to dive. Therefore, initially, if possible, it is better to sow seeds in separate peat cups. The first small plants appear 7-14 days after sowing.
- Garden bell. To germinate a garden bell, you need to fill the container with loose soil, throw seeds on its surface and sprinkle it with sand, as in the case of Iberis. The container should be covered with a non-woven garden material. You need to wait for shoots no earlier than on the seventh day after sowing.
- Snapdragon. The property of snapdragon seed material is its extreme smallness. Therefore, for convenience and uniform distribution of seeds over the substrate, they must first be mixed with sand, taking them in the same amount. After a time, when the seedlings have two full leaves, they will need to be separated from each other and transplanted into separate small containers. Please also note that after a month, the snapdragon will grow to 10 cm. As soon as this happens, you will need to immediately pinch the tops of the flowers. Most likely, by the time you transplant the flowers to the flower bed, the snapdragon will already be in full bloom.
- Callistefus. We take two parts of peat, add part of the garden soil to it and pour half part of the sand. An additive in the form of ash will not hurt - literally half a teaspoon per five liters of soil. On the seventh day after sowing, you will see the first small callistephuses, which after picking will need to be fed with minerals. As soon as the flowers reach a height of 5 cm, they can be safely transplanted into a flower bed.
The time for sowing seeds for seedlings strongly depends on the variety and type of vegetable, on the region of your residence, on the conditions in which you plan to grow the crop - be it a greenhouse, a greenhouse or open ground. Our list of "March" vegetables is based on average data. You can calculate the exact sowing date using traditional methods such as the correction formula or the countdown method used by gardeners and gardeners around the world.