Veronica of different types fascinate with their graceful prostate and lightness. Growing a crop in your garden is a great idea. However, before planting any flower crop for seedlings, you need to know a little about it. Thus, you will know for sure whether such a culture is suitable for your particular garden.
Veronica is a representative of the Podorozhnikov family. There are annual or perennial herbaceous plants and shrubs (perennials are more common). Plants of different types can be short, tall, creeping. Most species have a fibrous root system that is located close to the soil surface.
As a rule, Veronica inflorescences are blue and blue (various shades), however, there are also white, pink, purple. The plants have interesting narrow leaves and small flowers. Inflorescence shape: spikelets (in a spike-shaped inflorescence); brush (broom).
Veronica is distinguished by its high unpretentiousness and undemanding to the place of cultivation, to the soil. The culture grows normally in sunny places, in the shade, in the cool, in the dry sun. The overwhelming majority of species are drought tolerant. Although the culture is unpretentious, it is undemanding to the soil, but it feels best on loose, drained, calcareous soils. For example, it can be loamy or sandy loam soil that meets the stated requirements. In general, Veronica of different types is winter-hardy and cold-hardy.
However, despite the unpretentiousness, you should take into account the peculiarities of each specific species.
Unpretentious in care, do not require special procedures. From winter care, it is advisable to mulch the soil of undersized species around the plant in order to protect the root system, which is located close to the surface of the earth, from frost. It is also advisable to prune the plants after flowering.
Reproduction of Veronica is done in two ways: seed (sowing seeds), vegetative (dividing the bush, cuttings). The simplest, most convenient and popular breeding method is considered to be the division of the bush. Thanks to the shallow root system, this is very easy to do. Around early May or September after flowering.
With seed reproduction, seeds are often sown in open ground before winter in late autumn. As for growing Veronica from seeds, they can be sown in open ground (preferably before winter), with winter planting, flowering occurs in the second year. Planting is allowed in spring (but only after 1 month of seed stratification in the refrigerator). But you can grow a culture through seedlings at home! We'll talk about this below!
Many types of beautiful Veronica (including the most popular variety: spikelet) are distinguished by their interesting appearance, grace, and high decorativeness. It is practical to plant Veronica between rows, because it additionally retains moisture in the garden during hot weather, and can protect the roots of trees and shrubs from overheating. By the way, besides this, Veronica is an excellent honey plant.
Flower culture looks beautiful in group plantings, border plantings, mixborders, rockeries, rock gardens. Perfect for disguising unsightly and boring areas in the garden, for empty locations. Some species perfectly decorate the shores of artificial reservoirs.
Low-growing varieties can be planted as a groundcover. They quickly grow with a green coating, are resistant to trampling, and recover well after mechanical damage. Favorably affects the structure of the soil, namely its quality: it becomes looser.
Today, concrete is so popular for construction that a separate article can be devoted to it. The basis of the strength of the building composition is a sand and gravel mixture (ASM). As the name suggests, the main ingredients are gravel and sand.
Everyone knows what an ASG looks like. Mountains of a mixture of sand particles and stones of different sizes can be seen along the roads when they are dumped. But let's take a look at GOST and find a description of the terms that will help us define exactly what sand is and what gravel is:
The gravel mixture is formed naturally in nature. It is even referred to as non-metallic minerals. Perhaps someone saw how the ASGs are mined on rivers and in open pits. It is believed that the highest quality material is washed from the bottom of the seas.
According to the place of origin of sand and gravel mixtures, they are given the appropriate names. Let's look at the characteristics of the main types:
If you look at the natural mixture of sand and pebbles from the beach, you will see that most of it is sand (about 80%), as well as stones of different sizes (up to 20% of the total). Pebble diameters can differ by 300 mm, which is unacceptable for many construction works.
For concrete to be of high quality, the amount of solid elements in the sand must be 65-75%. This is the most optimal ratio. Such a mixture is called enriched (abbreviated as OPGS). In artificially created ASGs, the granules have a small spread in diameter. For example, formulations with gravel sizes from 5 to 25 mm or from 10 to 50 mm can be prepared.
To make ASG grains of the same size, special crushing plants are used. Sorting machines separate gravel by size. The resulting gravel is then mixed with sand.
Looking at the following photo, you can appreciate the differences between natural material and stony, enriched material.
In practice, the mixture of sand with gravel is divided into 5 groups. With increasing serial number, the percentage of gravel content increases. This figure can be 15, 25, 35, 50, 65 and 75%. The higher the indicator, the better the quality of the OPGS. The strongest concretes M200 and M150, which correspond to GOST, are prepared from enriched mixture No. 5.
How much rubble in 1 cub. m of concrete
For information: the standards of the document GOST 23735–2014 "Sand and gravel mixtures for construction work" determine the composition of building materials. GOST contains a section describing the permissible particle size. Here are their characteristics:
Exotic vegetables in your garden
Do you remember the miniature in Nasha Rush when Svetlakov was preparing the Daily Spinoza? All the time, there are not enough ingredients for the preparation of a culinary masterpiece. At the same time, many interesting vegetables can be grown in your own garden. Let's start from simple to complex.
What's Bouillabaisse and Minestrone Soup without Root Celery?
I'd like to try some very fresh # root celery not from the store. Please, celery grows well in the middle lane, but we personally grow it through seedlings. We plant seeds for seedlings in late March - early April.
The culture is unpretentious, in the middle of May we transplant it to the beds, watering, feeding like carrots. A wonderful root vegetable grows, which we then dry for drying "Isidri" and eat all winter. Yes, LEAVES are happy to use during the growing season at our summer picnics.
# Rosemary, not a vegetable, of course, a seasoning. In the conditions of Russia, a one-year crop or a crop requiring serious shelter, we can achieve its long-term growth by growing in a container and bringing it into a winter garden for the winter. The taste and smell of fresh rosemary is unique. Small life hack - rosemary reaches its maximum spice if it grows on depleted soil in the most sunny place, that is, in conditions as close as possible to the Mediterranean coast.
In the middle lane, # soybeans may or may not mature. But, if you want to please yourself from your loved ones with the traditional Japanese dish Edamame - boiled green women seasoned with garlic, salt and soy sauce, then you can plant a soybean vegetable from the company “Delicates”, a vegetable garden from the company. The requirements are the same as when growing peas, but as a predecessor, you better not find it.
# Scorzoner is the black root of the Aster family, indispensable in dietary nutrition. It grows (first purchased through England), grown, even liked it in a refined fried form. "Russian Garden", "Gavrish", "Sedek" offers us seeds of the scorchonera "Healing". Root crops contain a significant amount of valuable substances - #inulin, asparagine, levulin, etc.
Root vegetables have a variety of uses in cooking, they are prepared like asparagus or cauliflower, used as a seasoning for soups, as an addition to soft drinks, syrups, ice cream. Along with high taste, it is of great importance as a dietary vegetable, Since it contains inulin, it is useful in the diet of the elderly, patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, gout, and liver diseases.
Due to the significant content of asparagine in root crops, it has a positive effect on the work of the heart and enhances the activity of the kidneys.