The season of summer colors and floral aromas in most regions of Russia does not last long, and on gloomy and rainy autumn days and in the gray frosty winter months, one wants to return to the summer fragrant garden.
Compositions of dried flowers will help to keep the summer mood, which will fill the house with warmth, colors and a delicate aroma. At the same time, growing dried flowers and making compositions from them with your own hands is quite simple and very exciting.
Theoretically, any flowering plant after drying can be considered a dried flower, but from the floristic point of view, not every plant is able to maintain its integrity and aesthetics after cutting and drying. Most of the "stars" of the flower garden, as they dry out, lose the brightness of colors and the shape of the flower, become fragile and quickly shed their leaves and petals. Therefore, only some special types are used for artistic crafts. In this case, not only buds and blossoming flowers are used, but also seed pods or fruits.
Dried flowers are relatively durable in comparison with other garden and wild flowers and herbs, but without special treatments, homemade bouquets and handicrafts can keep fresh for no more than a year. For summer residents, this option is very convenient: choose the species and varieties you like in the spring, make a cut, prepare the material, decorate the house for the winter, and with the beginning of the new season, bring fresh ideas to life.
Most dried flowers are characterized by unpretentiousness to growing conditions and resistance to unfavorable weather factors. Allocating some space in the garden for these plants, you should not prepare for additional hassle. Most of the species are distinguished by high drought tolerance and photophilia.
In order not to get confused in the variety of varieties, for beginners in this field, to begin with, you can choose only a few types. The following photos and names of dried flowers with a brief description will help in this.
Winged Ammobium. Perfect for growing in Central Russia. Forms numerous small baskets. In floristry, blossoming inflorescences with a high shoot are used.
Helipterum. It has several types and varieties that differ in the type, size and color of the inflorescences. Harvested during the period of full disclosure of flowers.
Gelikhrizum (immortelle, tsmin, "cat's paws"). It can have simple and double inflorescences of white or red color, varieties with multi-colored inflorescences have been bred. At a distance, the fluffy inflorescences very much resemble the soft paws of cats, which became the basis for the popular name. Material harvesting begins in the half-run.
Statice (kermek). Forms corymbose inflorescences, consisting of small brightly colored flowers. The most attractive are bouquets cut at the height of flowering.
Xerantemum (dried flower). On thin, highly branched stems, small simple baskets of white, purple, pink or red color are formed. Cut off during the period of complete dissolution of the inflorescences.
Amaranth. Differs in large racemose inflorescences on a strong stem. For a winter bouquet, brushes are used in the beginning of flowering phase.
Creating a hedge is not only time consuming but also a fun process. This element has been very actively used in landscape design for many decades and still remains popular.
To get a good result, you need to: first, choose the right plants; secondly, to correctly land; thirdly, timely and skillfully carry out the formation.
Not all plants can form a fast-growing perennial hedge, which is important both for external fencing and for internal gardening.
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If you plan to create something major, not for a single season, then you should take a responsible attitude to the choice of plants and the selection of varieties. For a hedge, it is better to plant frost-resistant, drought-resistant and undemanding species to fertility. You should also take into account the possibility of damage by diseases and pests. The less attention a planting requires, the better. Frozen twigs, fallen dry specimens, chlorotic and leaves eaten by caterpillars greatly reduce decorativeness. Fixing such problems will take time and a lot of skill.
However, even if the most unpretentious and adapted species and varieties are selected, for a quick result, it will be necessary to ensure optimal growth conditions. Planting material for hedges is taken at the age of 2-3 years (with the exception of conifers, slowly growing in the first years of life). Older plants have a voluminous root system and are painful to transplant, and from annual seedlings, obtaining a full-fledged hedge will take more time. The most realistic period for which a green fence can be formed, provided that high-quality planting material is used, is 2 years. And this applies only to fast-growing species that give good growth.
For fast growth, plants need a supply of nutrients in the soil and a sufficient amount of water, therefore, planting is carried out in fertilized soil and in the first years they provide regular watering, especially during dry periods. If the dacha is located in an area of close groundwater, then most plants will need good drainage in the form of a layer of rubble or broken brick at the bottom of the planting pit or trench.
In order to eliminate the risk of freezing of young seedlings, in the first 2-3 years, they must cover for the winter with non-woven material or a mulch layer of dry leaves, needles or spruce branches. For fencing fruit trees, it is undesirable to use mountain ash, since it has diseases and pests in common with the apple tree, and such plantings can turn into a breeding ground.