Until now, in the playgrounds of the Soviet era, we can find carved wooden figures. Now they are perceived as a simple decoration of parks in the Russian style, but in fact the tradition of carving such figures has existed for a very long time and goes back to the pagan antiquity of Russia. Then these figures were churas of the Slavic gods. Read about what it is in the article.
The Slavic people are relatively young. In written sources, mention of him can be found from the 6th century. n. e., and the birthplace of the appearance of this people, apparently, was the territory north of the Carpathians. The problem of the emergence and settlement of the Slavs is still controversial in the scientific community, but in general the picture is as follows: in the middle of the first millennium AD, a circle of East Slavic tribes formed on the territory of Eastern Europe - Slovenia, Vyatichi, Krivichi, Dregovichi and many others.
This is not to say that they had a well-established circle of beliefs. There is no information about a certain unified mythology of the ancient Slavs at the moment, and it is unlikely that it will ever appear. The paganism of the Slavs did not reach the same high point as, for example, Greek or Indian, and did not develop their own myths and legends. However, fragmentary information about the lower representatives (goblin, brownies and kikimors) and Slavic gods has been preserved. In the study of the beliefs of our ancestors - the ancient Slavs - scientists rely on both ethnographic and folkloristic data and archeology. The latter often provides us with material evidence of those times when paganism was still alive and widespread - in particular, these are wooden statues of Slavic gods.
But actually, most likely, these statues were not called churas. There are different interpretations of the term "chur". In the 19th century, for example, it was believed that the deity of the hearth was called chur, who also guarded the borders of the lands. It is this form of the word, according to their version, that was preserved in another name for the ancestor - "ancestor". Thus, the chur guarded the border markers, and also contributed to the acquisition and accumulation of wealth. Churka is a synonym for this word, since earlier churka were also used as border signs.
According to the interpretation of ethnographers Zelenin and Strakhov, the word "chur" goes back to the Greek "master", and originally meant an exclamation similar to "Lord!".
Later, a theory arose about the connection of the Chura with the phallic cult, which is still developing.
Nowadays, few people delve into ethnographic subtleties, and in a broad sense, chura means the image of Slavic gods, traditionally made using the technique of wood carving.
Not much is known about how the ancient temples were arranged, but they were clearly made of wood, and there were churas of Slavic gods on them. Large churas were located in the open air and were the main element of the sanctuary. In addition, there were small churas, the place of which was in the house. Candles were lit for them, they were placed near the hearth.