An automobile turbocharger, despite the longevity (10 years) and durability promised by the manufacturer, still malfunctions, junk and breaks down. Therefore, it is necessary from time to time to troubleshoot the turbine of both diesel and gasoline engines. And in order to identify the signs of a malfunction in time, you must always pay attention to the non-standard behavior of the car.
The turbine is out of order if:
If such symptoms appear, then in these cases a thorough check of the turbine on a diesel engine is needed.
90%! of automotive turbine problems are oil related.
All turbocharger malfunctions are based on three causes
Occurs due to leakage or pinching of oil hoses, as well as due to their incorrect installation to the turbine. It leads to increased wear of rings, shaft journals, insufficient lubrication and overheating of the turbine radial bearings. They will have to be changed.
Running a diesel engine turbine for 5 seconds without oil can cause irreparable damage to the entire unit.
It happens due to untimely replacement of old oil or filter, water or fuel getting into the lubricant, use of low-quality oil. Leads to bearing wear, blockage of oil passages, axle damage. Defective parts should be replaced with new ones. Thick oil also harms bearings, as it builds up deposits and reduces the tightness of the turbine.
Some people, being at a height, experience an inexplicable feeling of panic, intense fear, and dizziness begins. It is difficult for them to explain the reasons for its occurrence from the standpoint of elementary logic. This pathological condition is a phobia.
The name acrophobia comes from the Greek "acros" - upper and "phobos" - fear. Fear of heights is an instinctive, innate program of behavior, laid down in the course of the historical development of man as a biological species. Our ancestors, finding themselves at a height, became completely defenseless and did not have the opportunity to resist the danger - it is difficult to retreat, there is nowhere to hide.
The release of adrenaline, increased blood circulation, mobilization of the whole body increase endurance, resourcefulness, are a defense mechanism. In modern man, in comparison with primitive risks, physical threats are much lower. But many reactions that have formed in the course of evolution, with disorders of individual development, can have pathological manifestations.
According to statistics, the phobia of height is expressed in 10% of the world's inhabitants, equally in men and women. Thus, acrophobia is a fairly common ailment associated with a specific manifestation of the mental and physiological reactions of a person at a height.
This is the name of the fear of heights. People suffering from this ailment, once at their height, experience severe dizziness, bouts of nausea and panic attacks. By their actions and behavior, they endanger their health and the safety of those around them.
It should be noted that all people, being on top, will experience dizziness, this is a natural reaction of the body. But about 2% of the population experience true horror even at the mere thought of heights. Such a phobia interferes with a normal life, you need to either permanently move to a village in a valley without mountains, or treat.
Acrophobia is an obsessive fear of heights, often just irrational. For example, acrophobes cannot approach the railing in a shopping center, go out onto a balcony, walk across a bridge, or be on a cliff. In such situations, a person is seized with panic, breathing quickens, and tachycardia begins. Even if the elevation is very small, a person cannot descend on his own, he seems to be going crazy. In this case, the body's reactions can be different. Someone literally paralyzes, and someone's movements become chaotic, uncontrollable.
Is acrophobia a mental disorder?
Definitely yes! Depending on the severity of the disease, a person can be paralyzed by the very thought of height. This greatly interferes with a full life, because even a movie can plunge you into wild horror. The fear of falling from a height is innate, and we are all afraid of being on the edge of the abyss. The average person can control their emotions and calm down, even in a critical situation. An acrophobe will experience wild horror at the very thought of just going out onto the balcony.
Acrophobia is the fear of any height. The phobia of heights makes life much more difficult for a person. After all, an acrophobe is afraid of everything that involves taking off from the ground, be it an elevator, an airplane or a staircase. Even just climbing a ladder is like death for him.
The most dangerous thing is that a person does not control himself in moments of fear attacks. If at the time of the panic attack, no one is around, the situation can end in disaster, up to a heart attack.