Baby development at 4 months

The second month for a newborn is an exciting stage filled with new events and emotions. By the second month, the baby is already getting used to life outside the womb and feels much freer.

At two months, a sharp jump is observed in the development of the toddler: he can no longer be called a newborn, since he has already fully adapted to life in the surrounding space and began to develop much faster than in the first month, but at the same time he remains as small and fragile, and needs careful care and attention from his parents, as before.

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Physical parameters of a two month old baby

If we consider the development of the body of a two-month-old baby, from a physical point of view, then we should note the beginning of its activation. By the beginning of the second month, the baby is gaining about 800 grams of weight and grows by about three to four centimeters. There is an increase in the average values ​​represented by weight, head coverage, height and chest volume.

The kid begins to hear and see better. However, these indicators are still far from ideal. At this stage, the child still does not distinguish all sounds and does not know how to focus on fast moving objects. If the development of the child proceeds a little slower than that of his peers, you should not panic, since each organism is individual. In addition, weight and height indicators are averaged and are not a standard.

However, it makes sense to be on your guard if there is a sharp jump in weight, height or other indicators. Often it is a sign of various pathologies that only a specialist can identify.

Baby's reflexes and skills in a month

In the second month of life, the child begins to develop faster and master many skills and reflexes, as well as new ones are added to the existing ones. The child's motor functions are improved, which allow him to get acquainted with the world around him. While talking about the skills of the baby, it is difficult, since most of his skills are relative.

According to statistics, two-month-old babies can:

  • Lie quietly and observe what is happening around;
  • Prevent involuntary muscle contractions;
  • For a short period of time, tear off the chest from the surface and lie on your stomach;
  • Raise your head for a few minutes and keep it suspended;
  • Hold a toy in your hands;
  • Examine your body parts;
  • Listen to voices and sounds around you.

The baby can bend, move the limbs, squeeze and unclench the fingers and toes, show interest in toys, in order to grab and touch them. For this reason, the baby grabs and fiddles with the bed in the crib, grabs the parents' hands and tries to grab the toys that hang over his crib.

DIY African trees

The development of a baby at 4 months is a time of significant changes, which are primarily reflected in the emotional and psychological development of the baby. By this time, many children have already ceased to suffer from colic, since the digestive tract adapts to a new diet and functions stably, which allows the baby to immerse himself more and more in the knowledge of the world around him and the study of the people and objects around him.

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Physiological indicators of a four-month-old child

The physiological development of a baby at 4 months is quite rapid. The baby is growing rapidly and gaining weight. All these indicators are monitored by the pediatrician, noting them in the baby's medical card at each examination.

Weight and Height

In the fourth month of life, the child still has a significant increase in mass, since his physical activity is not yet high.

A baby can gain up to 750 grams per month. Normal body weight at this age is considered to be a weight of 6 to 7 kilograms, with an increase of 60 to 63 centimeters.

Baby reflexes per month

At the age of four months, the following reflexes inherent in newborn babies should begin to fade away:

  • Up to three months, babies have Robinson's unconditioned grasping reflex, which is transformed into a purposeful reflex in the fourth month. The child grabs objects in the field of view and holds them in his hands. If the reflex is well expressed, then the baby will quickly develop fine motor skills.
  • Reflex Monroe - if you suddenly slap on the surface on which the baby is lying, he will spread his arms out to the sides and open his palms, and then fold them back on his chest. This reflex fades away in the fourth month. If by the end of this period the reflex still remains, you should not worry. In some babies, it can be observed until the middle of the fifth month.
  • Bauer's reflex - if you create support for the feet of a baby lying on his stomach, he will begin to crawl. Starting from the fourth month, the crawling reflex begins to fade away, and by the age of five months, the child will crawl on its own, without needing support, as in the past.

By the end of the fourth month, the baby's reflexes of Talent and Perez should completely disappear. The first reflex manifests itself if you drag along the baby's spine to the left and right, from top to bottom. In this case, the baby will begin to arch his back.

The second reflex manifests itself when it is carried out along the spinous processes of the spine from top to bottom. The child arches his back and screams. It is impossible to check the reflex on your own, as it can lead to the appearance of muscle tone and cramps. Only a pediatrician should check.

If these two reflexes are still preserved in the fourth month of the toddler's life, this may become a manifestation of symptoms of serious neurological disorders that require examination by a neurologist and the selection of special therapy.

Child development at 7 months - every day parents notice more and more changes in their baby. A seven-month-old baby is already significantly different from a tiny bundle brought from the hospital. The child has grown noticeably and gained weight. Now he can be called a person and a full member of the family. At seven months, the baby communicates more with his parents, moves, and his sleep and nutrition regime is significantly different from what he was up to six months.

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Physical development of the child in months

For the seventh month, the baby grows two centimeters and gains 600 grams of weight. By the end of the month, the baby will weigh in the range from 7.5 to 8.5 kilograms, and his height will be from 66 to 70 centimeters.

Baby skills in months

Most babies at this age can already sit without needing support and try to sit on their own. By the end of the month, some babies begin to crawl on their own. Since it is still difficult for a child to raise his body completely, he crawls on his bellies.

Lying in a position on his stomach, the child leans on one hand, and the other reaches for the toy and takes it.

The child independently turns from side to side. Now all the physical development of a child at 7 months is aimed at increasing his activity, which means that bruises and injuries cannot be avoided. The motor activity of the toddler has increased significantly, but the movements are still lacking in coordination and dexterity. For this reason, parents should not leave him on an elevated plane, as he can easily fall down and get serious injuries. A few seconds will be enough for the child to make a somersault and be on the floor.

7 month olds can hold the bottle themselves and pick it up if it falls.

In the crib, the child kneels, and then completely on his feet, while holding onto the railing.

If you support the crumb of the armpit, he will walk. At seven months, the child already confidently controls the upper limbs. Can transfer the toy from one hand to the other, turn it and examine it. In addition, the baby throws and picks up the toy again, hits it on the surface, takes it in his mouth and examines it. He can fold small items into large items. Therefore, at the age of seven months, a child should buy toys with a similar mechanism of action.

Eyesight and hearing in a seven-month-old toddler are already fully developed. The baby reacts to sounds by turning his head in the direction from which they come. Parents should take into account that it is impossible to teach a baby to sleep in complete silence, an insignificant sound background must be present. Otherwise, the crumb will wake up even with minor rustles.

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