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Bastille Day. The beauty and the Beast. Charlotte Corday and Marat.

The life story of Charlotte Corday is only a small part of the history of the Great French Revolution, where politics, ethics, morality and feelings, woven together, received a tragic denouement. Charlotte Corday, who shared the views of the Girondins, considered the leader of the Jacobins, Marat, the main culprit in the outbreak of civil war. Deciding to save France at the cost of her own life, she entered Marat's house and stabbed him with a knife. However, the consequences of this act turned out to be completely different than those on which she hoped - terror in the country was declared state policy. Nevertheless, Charlotte Corday became a symbol of the fight against tyranny and an example of civic courage. But can the murder be considered a heroic deed, even if it is the murder of a tyrant? The fate of this girl inspired many playwrights, artists and poets, because her act caused (and still causes) the eternal question: in the struggle between good and evil, where is the border of what is permitted?

MOROZOVA E. CHARLOTTE CORDE. - MOSCOW: MOL. GUARD, 2009. - (ZhZL)

Marie-Anne-Charlotte de Corday d'Armont (French name - Marie-Anne-Charlotte de Corday d'Armont, better known as Charlotte Corday, Charlotte Corday)

1768-1793 French heroine, noblewoman, murderer of Jean Paul Marat, executed by the Jacobins. Daughter of Jacques François Alexis de Corday d'Armont and Marie Jacqueline, née de Gaultier de Menival, great-granddaughter of the famous playwright Pierre Corneille. The Cordays were an ancient noble family. The father of Marie Anna Charlotte, as the third son, could not count on the inheritance: in accordance with the priority, it passed to the elder brother. For some time, Jacques François Alexis served in the army, then retired, married and took up agriculture. Marie Anna Charlotte spent her childhood at the parental farm of Ronsere. For some time she lived and studied with her father's brother - the priest of the Vic Charles Amedey parish. Her uncle gave her an elementary education and introduced her to the plays of their famous ancestor, Corneille. When the girl was fourteen years old, her mother died in childbirth. His father tried to arrange for Marie Anne Charlotte and her younger sister Eleanor in the boarding house Saint-Cyr, but he was refused, since the Corday were not among the noble families who distinguished themselves in the royal service. The girls were accepted as boarders for state maintenance in the Benedictine Abbey of the Holy Trinity in Cana, where their distant relative, Madame Panteculan, was a coadjutrice.

The convents and monasteries of the city of Caen, as well as the castle in the center of the city, surrounded by a high fortified wall, date back to the times of the Norman Duke William the Conqueror, who landed in the British Isles in 1066 and conquered England. William loved Normandy and often lived for long periods in the castle built for him. The history of both abbeys is connected with William's marriage to the daughter of the Count of Flanders Matilda. When he first appeared to the proud beauty, Wilhelm was refused. As befits a formidable Norman, Wilhelm went to war, but he could not forget Matilda. Then he again arrived at the count's castle, but no longer as a petitioner for the hand of his daughter, but as a robber, and dragged the obstinate by the hair. The Count of Flanders wanted to take revenge on the insolent man, but Matilda stopped him and said that she agreed to marry the violent duke. The marriage turned out to be extremely happy, but since Wilhelm and Matilda were distant relatives to each other, in atonement for this sin, the couple built two monasteries, respectively, male and female, where they were buried: Matilda in 1083, and Wilhelm in 1087 ... History has not preserved the ashes of Wilhelm, the remains of Matilda still rest in the church of the convent.

Sprawled on the hillside, the abbey founded by the powerful Matilda looked gloomy and stern. The building, built in the typical Anglonorman style of the area, was surrounded by an extensive garden and vegetable garden, fenced with high corner towers. A true feudal citadel, the monastery once owned fertile lands and several villages. But when the sisters of Corday entered under its high vaults, the prosperity of the monastery was already a thing of the past. Nevertheless, the abbess Madame de Belsens de Castelmoron did everything possible to maintain the prestige of the monastery. Majestic and stern in appearance, she demanded special respect for herself, observed ancient customs and tried to recruit novices exclusively from noble families. Of the thirty-four nuns under her command, only four did not belong to the nobility. In her eyes, the relationship with Corneille and the presence of an uncle, a knight of the Order of St. Louis, significantly increased the prestige of the sisters of Corday.

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Main topic

official statement

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Ideas of excellence

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Main topic

official statement

"gas pipeline is required"

weather forecast

Video

Simferopol Airport

Ideas of excellence

initial training

great patriotic

global approach

new bill

Nord Stream -

in your opinion

Main topic

official statement

"gas pipeline is required"

weather forecast

Video

Simferopol Airport

Ideas of excellence

initial training

great patriotic

global approach

new bill

Nord Stream -

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