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It's hard to imagine a summer cottage without sweet and fragrant raspberries. And the first step on the way to rich harvests is the correct planting of seedlings. You need to choose a suitable place for a berry plantation and carefully prepare it. It is also important to observe the terms and technique of planting and provide young bushes with optimal conditions for rooting.
Raspberries are planted in spring or fall. Autumn planting is preferable, since in this case the seedlings have time to take root, and immediately after wintering they begin to actively develop. During the summer, they grow strong young shoots, which later give good yields. In the middle lane, the autumn planting period is from late September to mid-October. In the south, raspberries are planted in October, in the north in September. In any case, this should be done no later than 3-4 weeks before the onset of frost.
In places where rooting or wintering conditions are not entirely favorable, it is better to plant raspberries in spring. This applies to regions with dry autumn, early or little snowy winter, as well as areas with heavy soil. The spring planting period is from mid-April to the end of May, but you need to focus primarily on the climatic features of a particular area. Like most shrubs, raspberries must be planted before bud break, otherwise they will not take root well. It is best to do this as soon as the soil thaws.
Raspberries are planted in a well-lit area. When shaded, it grows slowly, gives meager yields and does not tolerate winter well.
The earth should be rather loose, therefore, a place with light loamy or sandy loam soil is allocated for the future berry field. Raspberries prefer neutral or slightly acidic soil, and grows poorly in a slightly alkaline environment. The optimum acidity is from 5.8 to 6.7 pH. If the value is below 5.5 pH, the soil needs to be limed, and if it is above 7 pH, it should be gypsum.
Raspberries do not tolerate waterlogging well, so they need to be planted where groundwater does not rise above 1-1.5 m. If the site is damp, it must be drained.
It is undesirable to plant raspberries in the lowlands, as rain and melt water accumulate there. Even if the flooding lasts only 3-5 days, the roots begin to rot and die off. Lowlands are also not suitable because in spring snow slowly melts in them and cold air masses stagnate. Hills are also not suitable, since in winter the wind blows snow off them and dries up the branches, and in warm weather the water flows down and poorly moistens the soil. The best option is a flat area or a gentle slope.
It is recommended to grow raspberries in a place protected from the north wind, where snow is well retained in winter. You can plant it along the fence, but it is better to allocate a separate space for it with an area of about 20 square meters. m.
The aisles of fruit trees are not suitable for raspberries, as they will lack light, nutrition and moisture there. In addition, such a neighborhood makes it difficult to use chemicals and, accordingly, pest control. Numerous offspring of raspberries, in turn, will oppress the trees growing nearby.
It is not recommended to plant raspberries after potatoes, tomatoes and other nightshade crops, as well as after strawberries, as they have common diseases and pests.
Good afternoon, my reader. For all the unpretentiousness of the plant, raspberry bushes still require some care. It is needed already because what kind of harvest your raspberry tree will bring depends on it. The correct content of homemade raspberries allows you to pick more berries, which will be large and juicy. But in addition to such methods of care as fertilization, feeding, treatment from pests, raspberries also need to be cut. This is done in order to form the correct bushes, removing excess, as well as rid the plant of diseased branches.
To work, first of all, you need to stock up on gloves, because the raspberry stems are abundantly covered with thorns, as well as sharp pruners to get an even cut of the stem.
The end of March and April are considered the best times to prune raspberries. At this time, it is already clear which sprouts did not survive the frost, and which ones broke. Both are cut out completely. Those shoots that have survived are pruned to the first young bud. All new shoots are processed in such a way that they are left no more than 8 pieces per bush, and with trench planting up to 15 stems per 1 meter of a row.
To create the structure of the bush at once, it is recommended to prune the stems so that some of them are cut 25 centimeters from the top, others by half, and still others remain at a height of about 15 centimeters from the ground. This is done so that the ripening time of the berries is extended over the entire time period for the ripening of the berries. Also during this period, the soil around the bushes is loosened and fertilized, because feeding raspberries in the spring will be the key to a good harvest.
When the berries are harvested, it is recommended to cut all the old stems to the base so that the bushes do not grow too much, and in late autumn you do not have to remove the foliage and dry branches. New shoots at this time will receive more sun and nutrients from the soil. This pruning is best done twice a month. Young shoots grow quickly, and until the root system is formed, the extra ones can be removed without problems. In addition to pruning, feeding the root system of the bushes is also carried out twice a season: in early June and during the period when raspberries are actively blooming. At this time, it is quite appropriate to use phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
There are raspberry varieties that produce berries until late autumn. Once the harvest is fully harvested, the bushes begin to prepare for winter. Only strong and healthy plants are left. The rest are all cut out almost at the root. All foliage is removed from the remaining branches.
The bushes are dug in around the perimeter so that the soil is loose and absorbs moisture and fertilizing well. The raspberries are thinned out, leaving an interval of about 70 centimeters between the bushes. It is during this period that the bush is treated from pests and diseases, and fertilizers of all varieties are introduced into the soil, which are necessary for the growth of raspberry bushes.
During this period, you can engage in plant propagation. Some of the young and strong shoots are carefully dug up and planted separately.
Next, the raspberry is prepared for winter and frost protection. For this, the bushes are tied in bunches and bent to the ground, overlapping with each other. In a similar way, the associated bushes are at the level of 30-40 centimeters and are additionally covered with special material.
Knowing how to freeze raspberries and what utensils are best to use for this, you can enjoy the harvested crop all winter by storing it in the chamber of your home refrigerator. Low temperatures do not spoil the taste of the berries and leave all the useful substances in them.
Among experienced gardeners who grow good raspberry yields, there is no consensus about freezing fruits for the winter. Someone considers this method to be the most correct, while someone likes more traditional recipes in the form of jam and compotes.
Gardeners who choose freezing harvesting believe that such a berry does not lose its useful and flavoring properties. This form of harvest storage requires less time to prepare for storage, as opposed to cooking compote or jam.
Those who oppose freezing crops believe that fresh berries cannot be compared to thawed ones. In their opinion, raspberries stored in the freezer become watery and lose their flavor.
Raspberries contain several types of vitamins and minerals. It is rich in dietary fiber. But when cooking fruits, it is possible to save no more than 25% of nutrients.
If properly prepared for storage in the freezer, raspberries will remain useful for 8 months. The thawed berry retains 95% of vitamin C, which helps to cope with colds and viral diseases in winter. There is only 25% less B vitamins, and vitamin A remains unchanged.
Frozen food still contains a lot of potassium, which promotes alertness and helps to cope with winter depression.
Raspberries will not lose their aroma and taste, they will remain as beautiful as fresh only if the rules for preparation, freezing and storage of raw materials are observed.
Jam is a homemade preparation that can be found in almost every home. Many people love jam, everyone uses it, from small to large. Jam is quite nutritious; boiled berries, fruits and plants retain their nutritional properties. Jam with gastritis with high acidity can be used, but this must be done with extreme caution. On the website gastritinform. u you will learn up-to-date information on whether jam is possible for gastritis with high acidity.
Neither jam nor preserves can provoke gastritis if a person has normal or low acidity. On the contrary, the use of sour jam will improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Unfortunately, the quality of store jams and jams leaves much to be desired. Preservatives are often added to it, and the concentration of nitrates exceeds the permissible norms by tens of times. Such products should be avoided - they provoke dangerous diseases. For example, the occurrence of polyps in the stomach, cancer.
Neither jam nor preserves can provoke gastritis if a person has normal or low acidity
When the acidity of the stomach is increased, a sharp increase in the concentration of hydrochloric acid can occur with the use of jam. The result is severe pain and burning. Severity, almost constant nausea, vomiting with blood are another unpleasant symptoms that accompany a sweet tooth who ate jam by both cheeks.
Eating jams with gastritis can cause indigestion (diarrhea). A reverse reaction is also possible - a person has constipation, and he cannot go to the toilet for several days. Also, when using jam with gastritis, the risk of malignant tumors increases.
Eating jam for gastritis can saturate the body with the necessary vitamins and nutrients. Bring the digestive system back to normal. Increase acidity, which is especially important in the hypoacid form of the disease. Increase immunity - the body fights infection and various pathologies much better. It is no coincidence that tea with raspberry jam is a sure remedy for colds. Strengthen the gastric walls, provided that the patient does not have ulcers, polyps and malignant tumors.
When gastritis is running, jam will definitely not help. Moreover, it is advisable to immediately remove it from the daily diet. In such cases, it is advisable to contact your attending gastroenterologist and put an end to the question: you can eat jam with gastritis or not. In two cases, it is really forbidden to eat jam for gastritis of the stomach - allergy to a particular berry or fruit; too high acidity.
Raspberry itself is very harmful for gastritis. Doctors-gastroenterologists advise with great caution the use of raspberry products. I do not recommend drinking raspberry decoctions, undiluted juices, etc.
In this case, the question arises: is it possible to use raspberry jam for gastritis? Doctors still advise to refrain from it. Although there are also concessions. If you really want, then you can, but no more than 2 teaspoons. And you should definitely drink everything with warm milk or weak tea. In general, if you really want something raspberry, make a fruit drink. It will help a lot if it's hot outside.
Is it possible to jam for gastritis recipes with jam allowed for gastritis