Industrial waste management: how not to get fines when checking

Any production # in the process of making food products accumulates a large amount of waste. Industrial # wastes are usually divided into recyclable technological and sanitary ones. What should be done with waste to avoid fines when inspected by regulatory authorities?

Recyclable process waste What you need to know

This is a sanitary waste that includes:

  • finished products (semi-finished products, raw materials) with a characteristic taste and odor for the corresponding name, with mechanical damage, altered appearance and shape in the absence of deviations in organoleptic indicators;
  • < li> finished products (semi-finished products, raw materials) with deviations from the standard physical and chemical indicators, without impurities and contaminants, manufactured in compliance with food safety requirements and placed in a clean dry container with a lid, without foreign odors.

Collection and processing rules. As a rule, the procedure for the collection and processing of returnable waste is indicated in the technological instructions at the enterprise. The permissible level of returnable waste in the production of a range of products at the enterprise is approved in the documentation, for example: "Standards for returnable waste in the manufacture of products." At the same time, the planned revision of the standards is carried out annually, and the unscheduled revision during the year.

Quantity control and correction. Control of the amount of returnable waste must be carried out every shift, as well as the analysis of the reasons that led to their excess amount. If the approved standard for returnable waste is exceeded, it is necessary to make a correction with respect to the recorded deviation. To do this you need:

  • set the number of unreleased products in the total volume of manufactured products;
  • conduct an analysis comparing actual technological parameters and equipment operation modes with those specified in the relevant documentation;
  • to determine physical and chemical parameters in semi-finished products or in finished products;
  • investigate other possible reasons for the release of nonconforming products associated with equipment malfunctions;
  • organize the rejection of substandard products and / or semi-finished products at the stage of the technological process;
  • eliminate the causes of the inconsistency.

Accounting procedure. Accounting for returnable waste should be carried out separately for sections and flow-mechanized lines, including the phases of the production process. The amount of recyclable waste must be recorded in the reporting documentation in the form established at the enterprise. Returnable waste is placed, stored and transported in special containers or containers made of materials that undergo sanitization. The containers are marked with an identification label indicating the product grade, date, and the name of the shift master. After unloading, containers for returnable waste are sanitized according to the specified scheme.

Placement of containers. Dried containers for returnable waste, after proper sanitization, are placed in production areas directly next to the technological equipment. The locations for the containers are set by the technological personnel, taking into account the convenience of work when servicing the equipment. After filling the containers with returnable waste, they are moved to specially designated places with the inscription "Place for returnable waste" with appropriate marking (name, date of production, quantity, change).

Recycling. Recyclable waste generated during the manufacture of continuous products, new product names or products withdrawn from production can be recycled during the production of the same or similar product names, or sold on a contractual basis.

Sanitary Waste Things to Know

Sanitary waste, or sanitary waste, is:

  • Sanitary waste in the form of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, which are formed:
  • during operations for unloading raw materials and semi-finished products;
  • manual cleaning of equipment;
  • cleaning of workplaces;
  • repair and adjustment of individual units and units of equipment.
  • Finished products and semi-finished products with altered taste or smell; contaminated during work with parts of equipment or as a result of falling on the floor; with lost shelf life.

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