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Royal Dux Bohemia is the name of a porcelain manufactory founded in the town of Dux in Bohemia (Duchcov, in the west of the present Czech Republic) in the middle of the 19th century. The production, initially specialized in the production of mainly terracotta dishes, had completely changed its priorities by the beginning of the twentieth century. Highly artistic products in the form of statuettes and busts in the Art Nouveau style, exquisite decorative vases decorated with three-dimensional figures, candlesticks, caskets, plates, bowls and other items have become the hallmark of the Royal Dux company, which is still successfully developing. For more than a century, its unique products have been an impressive part of Czech porcelain exported to all corners of the world.

From the beginnings to the development of Royal Dux Porcelain

For a long time, the secret of making porcelain was strictly kept by Chinese craftsmen. Therefore, European manufactories mainly produced products from terracotta, faience and majolica. By the way, terracotta (earthenware) dishes were very popular, they cooked food in it, brewed tea, they could be of different colors, they were always in demand and were generally available. And only by the beginning of the 18th century, successful attempts to produce porcelain were made by European masters. And by the end of this century, favorable conditions had developed in Europe for the wide development of porcelain manufactory, which made it possible to release the first Bohemian porcelain in the town of Klosterle in 1794.

Thanks to the rich deposits of kaolin, porcelain production began to develop gradually, including in the area of ​​present-day Karlovy Vary. One of the first factories in those places was built in Dux. In 1860 it was bought by the successful expert modeller Eduard Eichler. For more than 25 years his manufactory has been successfully producing products are mainly made of earthenware, majolica and terracotta. Only a small part of the production was devoted to porcelain. The situation changed radically when, after the death of the entrepreneur in 1887, the management of the factory passed to his adopted son, Wilhelm Hans.

New century - new recognition

The new owner expanded and improved the production of porcelain, introduced new technologies for the use of soft paste, which significantly expanded the capabilities of the enterprise. The company began to develop incredibly quickly and expand its range, and at the end of the 19th century it received the status of a joint-stock corporation "Duxer Porzellanmanufaktur A.G." headquartered in Berlin.

This period was particularly successful and productive for the factory thanks to the designer Alois Hampel, who developed a series of Art Nouveau figurines and busts. The corporation began exporting porcelain and earthenware figurines to neighboring countries in Europe and the United States, and also took part in all kinds of exhibitions, while receiving honorary awards such as the Grand Prix at the World Exhibition in St. Louis in 1904 and a silver medal at the exhibition in Milan. in 1906.

The high demand for Royal Dux products required a global expansion of production. It is worth noting that until 1913 the company employed about 500 workers, and the factory itself was equipped with five round and 17 muffle furnaces, as well as its own steam power plant, which made it possible to successfully implement the latest technologies of that time.

However, the high rise in production was interrupted by the First World War. The management stopped the production of porcelain for some time, closing the factory. Trading networks were destroyed, demand for products fell sharply, there was a lack of funds for new developments, as well as the development of design. Soon after the end of the war, production began to work again, albeit at small capacities and not in full, and with the beginning of the Great Depression, the factory completely stopped developing new production lines.

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