is a baroque triumphal arch that existed in Moscow from the beginning of the 18th century to June 3, 1927. Her memory is preserved in the name of Krasnye Vorota square.
Initially, the Red Gate, called the Triumphal Gate, was the first triumphal arch in Russia. They were built of wood by order of Peter I in honor of the 1709 victory over the Swedes in the Poltava battle of the Northern War in 1709. Subsequently, his wife, Catherine I, replaced them with new ones in honor of her own coronation in 1724. After 8 years, this arch burned down in a big fire and was restored in 1742 on the occasion of the coronation of Elizabeth Petrovna for the solemn cortege, which was to travel from the Kremlin to the Lefortovo Palace through this structure. In 1748, there was another fire, and this gate burned down again. The reasons for such extraordinary wooden construction solutions are not completely clear.
In 1753, D. V. Ukhtomsky built a stone arch, which exactly repeated the wooden arch built by the architects of Catherine I. It was a typical example of the Baroque style, with blood-red walls, snow-white relief, golden capitals and more than 50 vivid drawings that personified the "Majesty of the Russian Empire", the coats of arms of the Russian provinces, etc. Above the arch was a portrait of Elizabeth surrounded by a brilliant halo, which was later replaced by a double-headed eagle for the coronation of Nicholas I in 1825. The structure was crowned with a bronze statue of a trumpeting angel, which is now on display at the State Historical Museum, in front of the Peter I.
On October 3 (15), 1814, M. Yu. was born in the house of Major General F. N. Toll opposite the Red Gate. Lermontov (now there is a high-rise building on this site, on which there is a memorial plaque depicting M. Yu. Lermontov). On October 23, in the Church of the Three Saints at the Red Gate, the newborn was baptized .
Attempts to demolish the Red Gate Arch were undertaken by the Moscow authorities in the middle of the 19th century. So, in 1854 it was saved from demolition only thanks to the petition of AI Delvig . The arch and the nearby church of the Three Saints were demolished in 1927, when the Garden Ring was expanded, in accordance with the redevelopment plan. The area on which they were located is now called the Red Gate Square. In 1935, a metro station of the same name was opened at this place, and in 1953 one of the Stalinist skyscrapers towered over the square. In 1941 the square was renamed Lermontovskaya. Its part on the inner side of the Garden Ring, adjacent to the "old" lobby of the metro station, was renamed into Krasnye Vorota Square in 1986, retaining the name of Lermontovskaya Square behind the park at the fork in Kalanchevskaya and Novaya Basmannaya streets, where there is a monument to the poet.
The question of reconstructing the arch  was raised several times, however, due to the traffic congestion of the square, its restoration is unlikely.
Model of the gate and the alley that led to them Red gate moscow angel. pg
Angel, State Historical Museum Red Gate - model and putti. pg
The Maiden Stone and the Stone-Goose in Kolomenskoye are easy to find. They can be seen from afar by the many ribbons tied to the trees and blades of grass growing next to them. Boulders brought glaciers to Moscow and the surrounding area from Scandinavia during the Ice Age. According to one of the legends, it was in this place that the battle of George the Victorious with the serpent took place, and the stones are the remains of George's horse, cut by the tail of a fairy creature. And the springs, which you pass by, approaching the boulders, and in which people crowded in lines with empty plastic bottles are traces of his hooves. They say stones help childless families have children. To do this, you need to collect water from a nearby spring, silently walk to the stones, the husband - to sit on the male Stone-Goose, the woman - to sit on the Maiden's Stone and, dreaming of a son and a honey-daughter, drink water. At the same time tie the ribbon.
The Maiden's Stone resembles the shape of a turtle, each part, with the right interaction, heals one or another organ. According to other sources, this stone is called Perunov, it is 4-5 thousand years old.
Scientists were engaged in disclosing the secret of the stone. They found that intense radiation emanates from its surface, forming a strong electromagnetic field around it, which depends on solar activity. Experts quite reasonably believe that the mysterious radiation is the cause of the miracles taking place here. In their opinion, the sufferers, standing at the Maiden's Stone and touching it with their hands, find themselves in the zone of the extremely beneficial effect of the electromagnetic field, that is, they receive a kind of physiotherapy session that relieves them of their illness. That is why the folk trail is still not overgrown here.
But the ravine itself, into the slope of which the Scandinavian boulders have grown, is notorious. In the old days, they say, there were cases when people, entering here, passed through a lilac fog and found themselves transferred 30-50 years into the future ...
Back in 1995-1996, scientists from the Institute of General Physics measured electromagnetic fields near stones. The results were overwhelming. Exceeding the norm of electromagnetic radiation in a ravine is more than 12 times, near boulders - more than 27 times. Lepton fields have also been found.
During the experiments with one of the scientists, an incredible phenomenon occurred - he was suddenly lifted into the air by an unknown force to a height of several meters. Then the force suddenly ceased, and the scientist fell into a ravine. In this case, the magnetometer failed, and the lepton field meter recorded a short-term presence of a "critical mass" of leptons. Obviously, because of this, there was a short-lived levitation effect.
The facts of unexplained phenomena occurring with people in the Voice Ravine are not uncommon. According to the documents of the Moscow Governorate Police Department, related to the Kolomenskaya Volost for the period 1825-1917, cases of mysterious disappearances of people among the inhabitants of the villages of Kolomenskoye, Dyakovo, Sadovniki and Novinki have been repeatedly noted.
One interesting case happened in 1810. Returning at night from the village of Dyakova, the peasants of the village Sadovniki Arkhip Kuzmin and Ivan Bochkarev decided to cut the road and go through the ravine. There was a thick fog at the bottom of the ravine. The friends, passing between two huge boulders, suddenly fell somewhere and found themselves, as it were, in a corridor, along which they entered a space filled with whitish light and cluttered with incomprehensible devices. There they saw creatures who explained that they were caught in a rift in space and time and it would not be easy to return them, but they will try. Unexpectedly for themselves, the friends found themselves in a ravine again, but when they went to the outskirts of the village, they found themselves in a different time. There are still relatives of the disappeared in the village, who identified them, although 21 years have passed since the disappearance. This case was described in Moscow newspapers for 1832.
Anyone who is passionate about sculpting realistic flowers from cold porcelain will be interested in a new recipe for homemade cold porcelain that meets all the requirements for clay. The fresh mass is pliable and plastic, after drying, the petals are flexible, strong, do not break, transparent (without yellowness and a hint of grayness). Moreover, I folded my test petal in four - can you imagine ?! This is a great success for me! I'm just dumbfounded by the result! I want to say that I myself did not come up with the recipe, I just adjusted the recipe of one master and a wonderful person Irina from Hungary to myself and my capabilities. And this recipe is not at all my merit. This recipe prompted me to this article about the use of CarboxyMethylCellulose (CMC) in cold porcelain. Many thanks to her for her personal experiments. Here is the recipe, or rather the recipes from which I started. I altered them a little.
I blinded this trial rose from my clay.
I really like that the colors are not distorted.
However, I now have even more confidence that I will do without buying ready-made polymer clays in the future. My family is enough for me. And you try this wonderful sealant - sodium tetraborate. He will not leave you indifferent! But do not forget to choose the right glue, because sodium tetraborate only affects the physical characteristics of the clay (density, smoothness), but does not add flexibility.
Cold homemade porcelain before and after adding borax on glycerin. The difference is obvious! Clay prints the veins and palm pattern just as well)) Density does not interfere with it. You can roll it out sooo thin.
It's easy and simple to work with homemade polymer clay with the addition of sodium tetraborate!
Good luck to everyone in your search for sodium tetraborate.
There are different brands, different types: for paper wallpapers, for vinyl. But its composition is also different. One consists only of modified starch (not genetically modified, but specially processed so that it does not need to be heated), it dissolves in water and (without heating) turns into a paste.
By itself, ordinary untreated starch can become sticky only in heated solutions. All the hostesses know this, and the experience of making jelly, sauces and other things. Earlier I wrote about the types of starch and about the most important aspect for us - the gelatinization temperature, which must be observed when cooking cold porcelain.
In addition to modified starch (MC), the composition of adhesives for heavy vinyl wallpaper includes other components: methylcellulose (MC) and antifungal additives (most likely borax, white powder, it is an antiseptic so that fungus does not start).
The site where the Tsaritsyn Museum is located once belonged to Prince Cantemir. Empress Catherine II, once visiting here, was impressed by the local nature and landscapes, so she immediately bought these lands and instructed the famous architect V. Bazhenov to build a summer royal residence here.
Work on the estate began in 1776, but was never completed. According to one version, the Empress, who visited the construction site in 1785, suddenly declared that she did not like the palaces, arguing that the halls were not spacious and gloomy.
However, there is another version, according to which the royal lady was angry at the architect Bazhenov for the latter's connection with the Freemasons and Tsarevich Pavel. Whether the first version took place, the second, or maybe each of them contains a certain amount of truth, it is hardly possible to find out.
Bazhenov was removed from the project, his career was over. Further work was entrusted to M. Kazakov. He demolished the unwanted palace, and began to build a new one, but it was also not possible to complete it, the reason was that the empress died, and her heir Paul I was not interested in the Tsaritsyno estate.
However, the Tsaritsyno Palace in Moscow has repeatedly tried to complete - at one time Nicholas I laid eyes on it. But in vain, and the reason for this is not known for certain.
The estate was forgotten and abandoned for almost two centuries. The restoration of the palace and park complex began only in the 1980s. In 2007, the renovated Tsaritsyno estate opened its doors to guests and immediately became a favorite place for Muscovites to visit.
Not so long ago, in 2011, the estate suddenly began to play in all its splendor and splendor. By the way, the park is still decorated with sculptures of the infamous Bazhenov and Kozakov. Indeed, today the Tsaritsyno Museum-Estate is one of the most luxurious estates in the country, enjoying the remarkable interest of tourists.
Today - as well as 250 years ago - the word "Tsaritsyno" usually means a complex of palace buildings of the late 18th century and a picturesque park around them. Initially, the ensemble was built as a country residence of Empress Catherine II, designed by architect Vasily Bazhenov. However, in 1786 Bazhenov fell into disgrace and was removed from business. The work is continued by his student Matvey Kazakov. After the death of Catherine II, work in Tsaritsyn ceased. The park becomes a place for country walks and picnics. Some of the buildings are used for coffee shops and summer cottages. And from 1917 to the 1970s. they are occupied by communal apartments. After extensive restoration work 1986-2014. the historical appearance of the Tsaritsyn ensemble has been restored with the greatest possible accuracy.
In 1775, Catherine II came to Moscow to celebrate the end of the Russian-Turkish war. In the spring, she strolls around the outskirts of her Kolomenskoye residence. Located on the site of the future Tsaritsyn, the picturesque estate "Black Mud" delights Catherine. The deal is completed in just a week. In May 1775, Catherine bought the estate and surrounding villages for 30,000 rubles. And at the end of summer, a decree was issued to rename the village of Chornaya Gryaz into the village of Tsaritsyno.
The court architect Vasily Bazhenov is ordered to build a new residence. It is no coincidence that the choice of the empress falls on Bazhenov: during the recent celebrations on the Khodynskoye field, she admires the "entertainment pavilions" of his work. Each pavilion is an allegory of the cities reclaimed from the Turks. Here is how one of the 19th century researchers S. Lyubetsky describes them: “Khodynskoye field presented a magnificent panorama: a whole bulk of buildings was erected on it, which made up a whole temporary city. Each building, distinguished by its color, in the Turkish taste, with minarets, kiosks, watchtowers, looked like a fortress, an island, a horde and a ship. They were called Azov, Taganrog, Kerch, Yenikale and so on. "
Catherine II highly appreciates the imaginative approach of the architect and hires him for the construction of Tsaritsyn. She emphasizes: palace buildings should also be "in the Moorish taste" or "in the taste of the Gothic". The park, on the other hand, should be "landscape" - that is, with the use of natural landscapes and the illusion of minimal interference with nature.
During the summer of 1775, Bazhenov takes a detailed topographic plan of the area. Then, on a large white canvas, he draws the outlines of the future estate and pastes the plans of buildings cut out of paper into the proposed places of buildings. According to his plan, the architectural complex should look exactly like a "scattering of buildings" - they are all located within a triangular perimeter and at the same time stand apart from each other. The free arrangement of buildings naturally fits into the landscape of the old park.
A classic craft - a hedgehog made of cones. It is very popular, as even the smallest craftsmen can make a craft. There are different options for using the material, here is the easiest way to make a hedgehog from cones and multi-colored plasticine. In general, the child's task is simply to blind the face - the nose, eyes, ears, for the stability of the craft, so that the hedgehog does not roll, add legs.
You can search the entire Internet, you won't find a cute little owlet.
The craft is super easy to make. To make an owl from cones with your own hands, you will need pieces of felt in five different shades.
You can mix colors however you want. Shapes don't have to be perfect, just grab your scissors and cut!
The most expressive part of the owl is the eyes, so make three circles of different colors and paste in three layers, as shown in the photo. Hot glue the eyes.
TIP: Apply hot glue to the felt first, then stick the eyes on top of the glue. The tip of a hot glue gun can melt the back and end up being ugly.
Then attach the beak and glue the wings.
Master class on how to make an owl from cones, look at step by step photos
Here's an example of how to make a funny piggy out of cones. The craft has its own characteristics, after all, a pig, it's not a hedgehog, so you need a piglet and a twisted tail. Piglet and ears can be made of thick fabric, or felt, as in this case. Sew two buttons to the patch for more plausibility.
Look how cute these little cone deer look! All you have to do is collect pine cones and small twigs for the legs and horns. Put it all together with glue, add a red nose and a bell, which might be easier. Kids will love helping to find the perfect pine cones and sticks, you'll need different sizes to craft. Match the bumps, find the pair that looks best together so that the head is in proportion to the torso.
If you have any difficulties with attaching the legs, horns and head, the author's website, the link to which is under the gallery, has detailed instructions and useful tips on how to make a deer from cones.