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In the USSR, almost everything was censored, even a seemingly harmless genre like animation. Harsh censors could see the "speck" anywhere, including where there was no hint of a catch.

"AiF" found out which cartoons of the Soviet period were edited by the censor, for which they were almost banned, and for what they were still labeled "Forbid" on some works. Why did the censorship nearly cut down some cartoons in the USSR?


The unknown animal with huge ears, which was invented by Eduard Uspensky, had problems at the stage of the book version. The editors believed that the book about Cheburashka was harmful, since a friend must be sought in a team, at work, and not by an ad. “We are not in the West. There are no lonely people in the USSR! " - said the author. Or they reproached: “Why did Gena and Cheburashka collect a lot of scrap metal from you, but the pioneers didn't? Disorder! " They did not want to print the book for a long time, they found a lot of sharpness incomprehensible to children, they said that it was not written according to Soviet rules. Eduard Uspensky recalled that the artist Valery Alfeevsky saved the book with his drawings.

Then, in the State Film Agency, a cartoon based on the book was suspected of being anti-party. The reason for this was again the episode with scrap metal, which Cheburashka and Gena collected more than the pioneers: they say, this indicated that, therefore, the pioneer organization was not really needed.


For the cartoon "Plasticine Crow" writer Eduard Uspensky wrote poetry in five minutes, composer Grigory Gladkov picked up the music in half an hour, and director Alexander Tatarsky easily and quickly wrote a script that was "simply dictated to him from above." This work consists of three different stories: about paintings, about games with blinking and, in fact, about a crow.

The cartoon was banned due to ideological lack of ideas. Sarcastic morality (“Don't stand and don't jump where construction is underway or a load is suspended”) was taken literally, buffoonery was not welcomed. There was also a complaint about the voice acting. One of the heroes speaks in the voice of Müller (Leonid Bronevoy) from "17 Moments of Spring". "The Gestapo and children are incompatible," the censors sealed. As a result, the film was gathering dust on the shelves for several months, until, contrary to the censors, it was shown in Kinopanorama. After that, "Crow" was allowed on TV.


Thinking of another cartoon, director Anatoly Reznikov decided that the traditional approach, where one character is stupid and evil, and the other is smart and kind, would not suit him. And he came up with the shape-shifting heroes: an intelligent, kind-hearted cat who is harassed by malicious mice. The cat was named after Colonel Leopold Kudasov from the then very popular movie "The Elusive Avengers".

The artistic council mercilessly hacked the first film "Revenge of Leopold the Cat", considering the design of the title and credits too bloody. And the film seemed to the censors "pacifist and anti-Soviet": they say, why didn't the cat eat the mice, as expected, but entered into unprincipled negotiations with them?

Fortunately, Reznikov immediately presented another film about Leopold and the goldfish: this series was treated favorably and immediately released on television. And there they gave the go-ahead for new episodes. At the same time, the seditious "Revenge" was allowed to be shown only after 6 years.

Five Soviet cartoons almost

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