To paint on fingernails - to a manicurist, on toes - for a pedicure. They are often the same master. But what if the foot is problematic? Is this already a medical field or not yet?
Podology has recently emerged in Russia as a separate service sector. In Germany, for example, beauty salons were closed during the lockdown, but podiatrists' offices were left open. Here they are equated with medical services.
Together with Elena Khorunzhina, a podiatrist from Pskov, I tried to figure out what is the responsibility of a podiatrist in Russia, and why a pedicure can be dangerous?
Podiatrist is not included in the approved register of professions and positions in Russia. Hence, a heated discussion arises as to what area of responsibility a specialist should occupy in his office. Who is this specialist? What problems exactly should he deal with? Where to study?
Today a podiatrist in Russia is more than a master esthetician.
We do not have schools of podology with two-year full-time study, as in Germany, where you can get knowledge in medical disciplines (anatomy, physiology, histology, microbiology, pathophysiology, etc.), as well as applied ( possession of a tool, apparatus, materials, orthonixia, prosthetics, orthotics, treatment and dressing of wounds, massages, etc.). Russian masters have to recruit these courses from individual schools, which invite the best representatives of the profession from Germany, Poland, and Spain to be their teachers. Frankly, this is quite costly.
The most important thing in the work of a podologist after knowledge should be equipment. It makes me very happy when I see that city beauty studios are changing pedicure thrones and manicure devices for professional chairs and devices with a vacuum cleaner and spray. This means that the quality of services should increase significantly.
Podiatrist, pedicure master, dermatologist, surgeon, etc. - often people with all foot problems turn to one specialist. What exactly can a podiatrist master help?
If there is no podology in Russia, then there are laws. And it is clearly spelled out what we have the right to touch and what not.
Non-medical podological care is a complex of pedicure measures without the use of medications and (planned) violation of the integrity of the skin, aimed at preventing and improving pathological conditions of the foot, skin and nails.
Have you ever had a great manicure, but after a few days the coating started to peel off? Perhaps this was because you did not apply a nail primer initially? But this is the most important element, which is both invisible protection and a means that directly affects the durability of nail design. What are the functions of a primer? How is it different from a bonder and a dehydrator? What types are there? How to choose the right one? Understanding the article!
A primer is a special agent for enhancing adhesion (gluing) when preparing nails for artificial coating. It dries and degreases the nail, acting as double-sided tape. Thus, the adhesion between the nail plate and the artificial material is improved.
The primer does not thicken the nail as it does not create a separate coat. As a rule, it has a liquid texture. It dries in air within a minute and does not require any polymerization. The main value of the product is that thanks to it, in the most vulnerable places (the end and along the edges of the nail plate), the coating does not chip off and lasts as long as possible.
There are 2 main types of primers: acid-free and acidic. How do they differ and what functions do they have?
An acid-free primer has classic functions - it improves the adhesion of the nail plate to the artificial material. It contains components that temporarily change the pH of the natural nail and make it closer to the pH of the artificial coating.
This type of primer does not disinfect or remove excess moisture, therefore, as a rule, it is used in conjunction with a disinfectant and dehydrator.
At the same time, it does not penetrate into the deep layers of the nail plate, therefore it is completely safe for the skin and nails.
70-100% acidic primer consists of methacrylic acid, which etches the surface of the nail, lifts its keratin scales and penetrates into the deepest layers. As a result, the artificial turf clings to the exposed nail scales very reliably. This tool is used only for building, or for very wet nail plates. The acid type is quite aggressive and you need to work with it very carefully! If used improperly, it can cause burns, thinning of the nail plate and allergic reactions.
However, this type of primer has huge advantages: it disinfects the nail and removes excess moisture.