How to cure nail fungus at home

Nail fungus is a medical problem that anyone can face, and it will take a long time to solve. Onychomycosis is one of the most common dermatological diseases [1]. And although TV, Internet and newspapers are full of advertisements for antifungal drugs, in fact, not all of them can help. Why does this happen and how not to be mistaken with the choice of a medicine? We will talk about this and how to cure nail fungus at home in the article.

How to recognize a fungus?

The main causative agent of onychomycosis should be considered Trichophyton rubrum - one of the representatives of trichophytes. In Russia, Western Europe and the United States, about 80% of cases of infection are associated with it [2]. It is very easy to get infected with this parasitic fungus. Visitors to baths and saunas, sports complexes, swimming pools, public beaches and, of course, people living in the same apartment with an infected person are under threat. Spores of the pathogen are very tenacious and for a long time can successfully remain on tiles and sand, in dust, indoor and outdoor shoes, inside the upholstery of upholstered furniture, on combs, hair and keratinized skin particles. People with lowered immunity, deformities of the feet, diabetes mellitus and those undergoing long-term immunosuppressive or antibiotic therapy are also at risk.

How to suspect a fungal infection? The clinical picture is due to inflammatory changes in the nail plate: bed, matrix and proximal nail fold. It may differ depending on the type of disease, therefore, onychomycosis is distinguished:

  • normotrophic: the color of the nail plate changes, spots and stripes are formed, gradually the entire nail changes color, but the thickness remains normal for a long time;
  • hypertrophic: to the fore there is a significant thickening and loss of shine of the nail due to the formation of subungual hyperkeratosis, deformations are also observed, the effect of "pitting" on the sides;
  • onycholytic: the nail plate is on the verge of separation from the bed, after which it leaves loose layers on the exposed area ...

Patients with onychomycosis, especially women, are often depressed, forced to hide their illness, do not wear open shoes and avoid visiting beaches [3]. After a certain time, the fungal infection inevitably affects all family members, including children.

Usually, a person does not immediately understand that he is developing a fungal infection, or underestimates the severity of the consequences, so he does not rush to see a specialist until the problem becomes obvious and it is impossible to ignore it further. This significantly complicates the situation - it increases the duration of treatment for the disease and the risk of complications. Therefore, do not waste time and hope that the problem will "resolve" by itself: the sooner therapy begins, the less there will be health consequences, including the health of others.

There are also patients who, relying on homemade recipes or advertised drugs to treat nail fungus, are disappointed in their effectiveness and completely stop trying to eliminate the fungus. As a result, according to medical statistics, from 30 to 50% of people over 50 years of age suffer from chronic fungal diseases, and this figure continues to grow [4].

Without a doubt, onychomycosis requires pharmacological treatment prescribed by a dermatovenerologist. However, it will be useful for the reader to learn how to cure nail fungus at home and at the same time not be mistaken with the choice of the remedy.

Home treatment of fungus

Means for treating nail fungus at home are divided into two categories: "folk" and pharmacy. The former include iodine, propolis, vinegar, soda and salt, herbal infusions like celandine - the list is almost endless. However, a clinical analysis of the use of such drugs by patients has shown that it is the "folk" methods that are one of the main reasons for treatment failure and complete refusal of therapy in the future [5].

Of course, one cannot count on the effectiveness of such self-medication: “folk” recipes for treating nail fungus at home are ineffective, useless or even dangerous. The lack of the expected result is also explained by the fact that solutions prepared by handicraft are not able to penetrate deep enough into the lesion, but at the same time they can irritate tissues and provoke allergic reactions, which only aggravates the situation.