Drainage system in a private house with your own hands

Owners of their own homes are well aware that the installation of drainage around the house is on the list of priority measures. It is very important to protect buildings from flooding, otherwise gradual wetting and destruction of the foundation, distortions of window frames and doorways, cracks on the walls and many other troubles are inevitable. For all the seeming complexity of the work, it is quite possible to install the drainage system yourself.

What is drainage and why is it needed?

Drainage is a system that removes excess moisture from structures. Most often, it is a structure of pipes through which water leaves the site. Some believe that an effective drainage area will provide a solid blind area around the house and drainage will no longer be needed. However, experts strongly recommend equipping a drainage system that can much better protect the structure from excess moisture.

There are three types of drainage:

    • Open. Open ditches with a depth of about half a meter and the same width are used as drains. The simplest option, which is easy to do on your own. However, the trenches seriously spoil the appearance of the site, in addition, they quickly crumble and become unusable, so they are strengthened with various trays.
    • Zasypnoe. The dug ditches are filled with large rubble, quarry or broken brick. Top covered with turf. The indisputable advantage of the structure is durability, especially if geotextiles are used during the installation of the structure. The main disadvantages are the lack of maintenance during operation and the relatively low throughput.

Closed. Drainage is carried out using perforated pipes laid in the ground. The system is very effective, without the drawbacks of the two previous options, but it is quite complicated to set up.

Open drainage trenches are reinforced with special trays and covered with gratings

Main types of drainage structures

When thinking about how to make drainage around the house, you need to know that there are several types of such systems.

Wall drainage

The structure is mounted around the foundation, it is considered mandatory if there are basements and basements in the building. It is best to start installing the system during the construction of the foundation, at a time when the foundation pit has not yet been filled up. Otherwise, it will be necessary to carry out excavation work again, which will lead to additional labor costs and monetary investments. Drainage is laid along the base of the building, pipes from the corners are led out to inspection chambers. At the lowest point of the structure, an outlet well is equipped, from which water is pumped out or discharged outside the site. For additional protection of the foundation, a clay castle is installed at a distance of about a meter from the house.

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