Recently, the Higher School of Economics conducted a survey, as a result of which it unexpectedly turned out that 60% of Russians agree to pay additional taxes and fees. If only they went to specific programs implemented under the control of the public. The priority is to improve the quality of medical care, social assistance to the disadvantaged and improve the quality of school education. The HSE poll may be preparing the ground for a real increase in the tax burden, experts say. Do Russians understand that already now about 58.8% of their income is spent on supporting the activities of the state machine? Meanwhile, budget spending on health care and the army is falling, while spending on the domestic repressive apparatus and support for the president's activities is growing. For details, see Znak.com.
The average Russian has never held about 43% of his income. We are talking about hired workers receiving "white" wages. The employer's accounting department pays taxes for them. 13% - in the form of income tax. Another 22% - to the Pension Fund, 5.1% - to the Mandatory Health Insurance Fund, 2.9% - to social insurance. This, the state promises, is our free medicine, social benefits and the basic part of the pension.
With an annual income of 1 million rubles (83.3 thousand rubles per month), these payments total 430 thousand rubles. We divide the remaining of 570 thousand million by 12 months, we get 47.5 thousand rubles. This is what is handed out. This roughly corresponds to the average monthly salary, for example, in Yekaterinburg (46 thousand rubles).
For example, let's imagine a person who owns an apartment with an area of 60 square meters, a garden plot of six acres in the suburbs, a garage (parking space) and a budget car with a capacity of up to 150 horsepower. Every year such a Russian has to pay property, land and transport taxes. They vary from territory to territory. In Yekaterinburg, it is about 6 thousand for housing, 400 rubles for a garage, 1.2 thousand rubles for land and 1.3 thousand rubles for a car (9 rubles 40 kopecks per horsepower).
If a person owns a car, he pays excise taxes. The state has established a flexible scale for different types of fuel. Buying high-quality gasoline (AI-95, AI-98), our hero pays 13.26 thousand rubles of excise duty per ton. With an average mileage of 25 thousand kilometers per year, the tax will be more than 33 thousand rubles.
The person may be a smoker. Then, for 365 packs a year, he will have to pay almost 8 thousand rubles to the state in the form of excise taxes. And if he also drinks, then we deduct another 5.5 thousand rubles from income (with an average consumption of 26.6 liters of alcohol per year).
Finally, we pay 20% value added tax on each purchased product and service. This means that from the 570 thousand rubles received from the employer per year, it is necessary to deduct about 112 thousand more rubles. Total: with a monthly income of 83.3 thousand rubles before taxes, only 34 thousand rubles or 41.2% remain on hand. True, you will have to pay for a communal apartment, and motorists buy OSAGO every year. Formally, these items of expenditure are not taxes, but in fact it is quite possible to call them that.
All taxes and fees are collected in the central distribution point - the state budget. Before the beginning of 2020, it was planned that his income would amount to 20.4 trillion rubles, expenses - 19.5 trillion. The coronavirus happened and everything went wrong. Revenue collected 17.85 trillion rubles, spent 21.75 trillion rubles.
The Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation announced this week: "The state debt of Russia for 2020 increased by 5.4 trillion rubles, or 39.9%, and amounted to 18.98 trillion rubles." In 2021, the national debt is likely to increase further. According to the draft budget approved by the Federation Council and the President of the Russian Federation, revenues this year will amount to 18.76 trillion. rubles, expenses - 21.52 trillion rubles.