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Let's dispel your ignorance so that you, with a legitimate sense of your own superiority, can dispel the ignorance of your neighbor!

A man lives and thinks that Edison invented the light bulb, and Magellan sailed around the world. Although in reality everything was completely different. Let's check out which of these common historical misconceptions you also believed in.

Salieri envied Mozart

These rumors appeared shortly after the death of the brilliant composer and soon took shape in the famous legend of an envious mediocrity that kills a genius. Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin hammered a decisive nail into the coffin of the unfortunate Salieri (by the way, just five years after his death) and turned vague guesses into the historical basis for his Little Tragedies.

However, in fact, there was no evidence of poisoning, but there was not even enmity between the two composers. Salieri was a successful court writer, Mozart only dreamed of such a career and even swore in some letter about the too intrusive Italian influence at the Austrian court. That is, it was Mozart who envied Salieri, and not vice versa.

Moreover, the court composer promoted his young colleague. Researchers recently discovered a small ode to the recovery of singer Ophelia, which Mozart and Salieri wrote together. True, according to the assurances of experts, the ode turned out to be extremely mediocre. Nevertheless, bad music is not a reason to accuse a person of murder!

Thomas Edison invented the light bulb

Edison during his lifetime he was called the Wizard of Manlo Park (his invention laboratory was located there). He actually received over 1000 patents for all kinds of household inventions that changed history. For example, he improved the telegraph, telephone, batteries, lighting ...

However, as far as the light bulb is concerned, Edison cheated seriously. Firstly, the very concept of the glow of metal threads was demonstrated by Alessandro Volta, as well as by the British chemist Humphrey Davy in 1815 (50 years before Edison). However, these guys were not able to ensure that their threads shone for a long time - they burned out rather quickly.

However, just ten years after Davy, another Briton with a suspiciously French name, Warren de la Roux, came up with the idea of ​​making metal threads from refractory metals and placing them in a vacuum. It, in fact, already looked like a modern filament lamp, which is now experiencing a resurgence in popularity. True, de la Roux used platinum, so his bulbs were not economically viable.

After that, for another forty years, different people were slowly getting closer to the concept of a work light, until Edison in 1879 summarized all these attempts under his famous patent. Incidentally, the Patent Office later noted that Edison's claim was largely based on the work of a certain William Sawyer.

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