Raspberries are one of the most popular and healthy wild berries. This unpretentious plant is distinguished by its vitality and ease of care. But it is important for summer residents to remember that some berries have a honey-sweet taste, others stand out with sourness, and others are suitable exclusively for harvesting for the winter - consider this when choosing a raspberry variety for planting near the house.
Since this variety belongs to the remontant, the plant begins to bear fruit quickly enough. The bushes turn out to be spreading, such a raspberry tree near the house looks very attractive. The shoots are strong, they do not bend under the weight of the berries. Among the main advantages of this variety of raspberries are:
excellent taste of berries;
But "Polka" does not tolerate drought, therefore it requires careful maintenance.
Standard raspberries with remontant fruiting grows up to 1.5 m high. The berries stand out in rich color, their weight can reach 7–20 g. The fruit tastes sweet, there is a slight sourness. The yield is very high: up to 5 kg per bush. Minus - the Monomakh Hat variety is afraid of droughts and viral diseases.
Such raspberries are perfect for harvesting. But jam is troublesome and takes a long time, and an excessive amount of sugar cannot be called useful. It is better to grind and freeze the berries. You don't need to do anything by hand - kitchen blenders will perfectly cope with this task.
Classic yellow-fruited raspberry with early ripening. The bush is powerful, its height reaches 2 m or more. The berries are massive, their weight fluctuates in the range of 8-10 g. The yield per bush is from 4 kg, but the "Yellow Giant" does not tolerate transportation, so it is poorly suited for sale. Also, this variety is afraid of harsh winters, so additional shelter will be required. Of the advantages, one can single out a mild dessert taste, large fruits and a small number of thorns. The main disadvantage is the tendency to shedding.
These raspberries are often grown in small areas. Excellent taste is the main advantage of "Firebird", but in terms of yield and transportability, the variety loses to competitors. The bushes are compact, the shoots are covered with soft and thin thorns. The berries are small and do not crumble, their weight rarely exceeds 6 g. This variety is resistant to most diseases, but susceptible to drought.
Growing garden raspberries is very popular in many garden and backyard plots. Therefore, many gardeners are thinking about how to grow raspberries in order to get a harvest of delicious bright pink berries with a great aroma.
Raspberries are planted in the spring, most often in May, when the ground is steadily warmed up. Planting raspberries in the fall is possible in the first half of September, so that the bushes have time to take root. In colder ground, thin raspberry roots can die.
For full growth, raspberries need a sunny place with very fertile soil.
To save space, gardeners often plant raspberries along the fence. About two meters away from him. So the sun will be enough for the bushes, and she will not "run away" to the neighboring plot.
The depth of the raspberry pits should be about 50 centimeters, the diameter of the same size. When planting in rows, the distance between them should be at least one and a half meters, and between the bushes - half a meter.
Compost or manure, wood ash, fertilizers are added to the dug holes. Ash will also have to be added throughout the summer months. Enough once.
Before subsidence, raspberry shoots should be slightly pruned to the buds, reducing its aerial part. After planting, the raspberries are sprinkled with soil and watered. To keep moisture in the soil longer, the ground around the bush is mulched with sawdust or plain straw.
The berry bush, loved by many, needs regular care not only during fruiting, but (and even more so!) during the spring awakening, when it should gain strength in order to later please you with a really good raspberry harvest.
What is the essence of caring for raspberries in the spring in the country? Let's walk through all the necessary steps in the garden step by step.
As soon as any plant wakes up and starts growing, it needs regular watering - raspberries are no exception.
The main part of the roots of this berry shrub is located in the upper layer of the soil, so it is extremely difficult to endure dry periods. Most of all, garden raspberries need watering during flowering, as well as during periods of growth and ripening of berries.
The frequency of watering is adjusted depending on the weather outside. On hot, dry and sunny days, watering raspberries should be more frequent and abundant, and if it rains constantly, you can do without watering for a while. When watering, make sure that the soil under the bushes is soaked to a depth of about 40 cm. / P>
How to fertilize raspberries in spring? The first feeding of berry bushes is carried out in early spring, when the plants just wake up and start growing.
If in the fall you have already applied all the necessary fertilizers under the raspberry tree, then the accumulated plants will be enough until the beginning of flowering. It is not necessary to "feed" the raspberries again until this moment.
And starting from the second half of May, when the shrubs are at their peak of flowering, you can replenish the stock of trace elements in the soil around them.
What exactly is the best way to feed raspberries in spring for a good future harvest? For spring fertilization, complex nitrogen-containing fertilizers are suitable, which will help plants to actively grow and form enough ovaries (raspberries are sensitive to nitrogen deficiency).
Feeding can be applied not in a complex, but separately. For example, humus (5-6 kg per 1 sq.) Or a solution of chicken manure (1:20) or mullein (1:10) at the rate of 3-5 liters of finished fertilizer per 1 sq. beds. Also, do not forget to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (50-80 g of superphosphate and 20-40 g of potassium sulfate per 1 sq.).