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Heliotrope is a plant known for the ability of its flowers to turn following the movement of the sun during the day. It was for this that heliotrope received its ancient Greek name, and then its Russian equivalent. Do you already want to plant an unusual flower in your garden?

Among its other advantages is a pleasant aroma close to vanilla and cinnamon. A neat look, the shiny leaves of an adult heliotrope are distinguished by a rich green color. Its small flowers, collected in curls with a white or purple corolla, are no less attractive. The heliotrope also has disadvantages, which, however, do not frighten those who have decided to grow it. Plants of some species, for example, European heliotrope and pubescent heliotrope, contain poisonous alkaloids that, when ingested, can affect the liver and central nervous system.

In total, the number of plant species reaches 300. The most popular of them are Peruvian heliotrope, or tree-like, stalk heliotrope and corymbed heliotrope. Representatives of these species are especially often found in flower beds. Heliotrope looks especially advantageous in borders and mixborders next to salvia, tuberous begonia and petunia. Some plants, for example, Indian heliotrope, are widely used in medicine.

The technology of growing heliotrope from seeds has some peculiarities, but in general it is not much different from growing any seedlings.

In the middle lane, heliotrope is traditionally grown as an annual.

Step Prepare the Heliotrope Seeds

The seeds of the plant can be purchased from a trusted seller (preferable) or collected by yourself, waiting for the end of flowering, the formation of fruits and their division into four parts - the so-called erems. Each of them contains seeds. To prevent them from waking up when cutting the boxes, it is better to tie the erems with a soft cloth and immediately after cutting put them in deep containers, and collect the seeds already indoors. This option applies to all plants with small seeds.

If you collected the seeds yourself or want to play it safe once again, be sure to keep them in a solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin-M for 20-30 minutes before sowing. This will help protect future plants from most infections.

Step Prepare soil and containers

Soil, like seeds, can be purchased at the store or prepared by yourself. In the second case, it should consist of a mixture of non-acidic peat and sand in a ratio of 4: 1. In order to protect the seedlings from fungal diseases, the soil mixture must be calcined in the oven or spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (as an option - Fitosporin-M).

For many summer residents and gardeners, potatoes are the main crop that is grown in their personal plots. This is “underground bread”, which is distinguished by its calorie content, has an excellent taste and is used in the preparation of various dishes. To date, dozens of different varieties of this culture have been bred, which differ in the characteristics of their care and their ripening times. A gardener, in order to get a good harvest of potatoes on his personal plot, will need to provide the plantings with proper care.

Landing Features

In the middle lane, potatoes begin to be planted in early May, usually by this time the ground warms up to 10 degrees Celsius and above. When choosing a site for the beds, you must remember that eggplants, tomatoes and bell peppers will be unwanted predecessors. But after legumes, herbs, cucumbers and cabbage, potatoes are especially good.

Sandy, loamy and black soil are suitable for potatoes. In clay soil, root crops are formed watery, and the grown crop does not have good taste. The area for potatoes should be well lit by the sun and protected from the wind. This culture does not like high groundwater levels, so it is not recommended to plant it in lowlands.

The soil in the beds is prepared in the fall. The plot is dug up, organic fertilizers are introduced without fail, it is also possible to sow green manures, which are embedded in the soil in spring, enriching the earth with useful microelements. Gardeners usually allocate large areas for potatoes, so for their processing it is best to use walk-behind tractors and other similar equipment, and not dig up the beds manually.

Preparation of planting material

The potatoes used for planting are harvested since autumn, tubers with a diameter of 5 centimeters and a weight of about 80-100 grams are selected for this. Experienced gardeners recommend "turning green the tubers", for which the roots are kept in the sun for several days. About a month before planting, potatoes begin to germinate, for which they are poured into one or two layers in low boxes. Such a container is placed in a lighted warm place. After 2-3 weeks, borings will appear, which by the time of planting should have a length of no more than 2 centimeters.

The preparation of seed material is one of the main stages of agricultural technology for growing potatoes, affecting the quantity and quality of the crop. It includes selection of tubers, sprouting, pest control ...

Tubers before planting will also not be superfluous to process in growth stimulants, for which it is recommended to use Epin or Zircon. If potatoes purchased at the horticultural markets are planted, then you should additionally pickle the tubers by placing them in a light boric acid solution for 20-30 minutes. Also for such processing, you can use a one percent solution of potassium permanganate.

Original ways to grow potatoes

In early spring, you especially want aromatic greens and fresh crispy cucumbers. But not in stores, but from your garden. Connoisseurs of especially early harvests need a special greenhouse. In principle, it is not difficult to build it, and it is also possible to improve the structure already on the site. But you need to know some of the nuances.

Growing early harvest in the greenhouse

What is an early harvest greenhouse?

This is a cross between a solid winter building and a light summer building. For example, in order to obtain a year-round harvest, in addition to high-quality insulation, full heating is required. It should provide a comfortable temperature for plants, even when it is a serious minus outside. You can read about such greenhouses on the website:

  • How to build an autonomous winter greenhouse. Ventilation and heating device
  • How to build a warm greenhouse: construction and installation of a heating system
  • How to make money on a greenhouse. We grow and sell green onions
In early greenhouses, an electric heater is enough, which will only adjust the temperature inside the building.

Building an early harvest greenhouse

It is important to take into account everything here: the location, the materials of the frame and cladding, the architecture of the structure, and especially the insulation of the base and beds.

Where to locate?

Choosing the right location is important for early harvest greenhouses. First, they need wind protection. Secondly, from the sunny side, they should not be obstructed by buildings or trees, on which foliage will also appear in the summer. Thirdly, the greenhouse cannot be placed in a low-lying area. Yes, it may not be so windy there, but the snow will melt later, cold air accumulates in the lowlands, which means that the earth will not warm up so quickly, and the soil after melting snow or rains may be waterlogged.

It is much easier to create the required microclimate in a properly located greenhouse

We insulate the beds

An early harvest greenhouse should have an insulated base. Thanks to him, we retain heat inside the building, it does not go into the soil, and the correct microclimate is formed in the greenhouse.

Summer greenhouses are usually made without a foundation, but for an early harvest, one is necessary. Photo by the author

You can quickly calculate your garden or flower bed in our calculator here!

Beauty and practicality! Galvanized beds are used to form neat beds in summer cottages, both in the greenhouse and in the open field.

Safe crop protection Galvanized beds are protected from corrosion and pests, and their edges are neatly folded for your safety.

Watering, weeding, fertilizing - easy!

Thanks to galvanized beds, weeds do not penetrate to your plants from the outside and fertilizer goes directly to the root system, and watering has become more pleasant and water does not spread along the paths.

Early seedling!

Heat penetrates faster through the galvanized sides of the garden bed and the ground warms up better, which makes it possible to plant seedlings earlier.

A color for every tasteChoose from the 20 most popular colors of the RAL palette - the international color matching system.

Sizes to choose from Choose the length, width and height, and after that, you can always increase the size of the beds due to additional inserts.

Collect in 5 minutes

And no special equipment needed. To assemble galvanized beds, you only need a key. The kit contains all the necessary fasteners and an assembly diagram!

Will last 10-15 years

The average service life of galvanized beds is 10-15 years. Galvanized sides do not deform and do not lose their original appearance over time. The beds do not need to be cleaned and covered for the winter.

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