- | Dniprovska Panorama editorial board
More than half a century ago, the banks of the Dnieper were connected by the "White Arrow" - the New Bridge. It is, perhaps, simply impossible to imagine the appearance of our city without it. The construction of the New Bridge was a huge event, because it was thanks to it that in 1966 both halves of the city "merged" into one continuous "organism". How the New Bridge was built in the Dnieper 56 years ago, - will tell the Dnieper Panorama.
As previously reported, the issue of building a new crossing in the 60s was very acute. After the fire, the wooden bridge fell into disrepair, and the traffic load grew every day.
First, the hammers were mounted on the shore. Structures and materials were brought up on a small railroad, which was located along the banks of the Dnieper. After that, huge floating cranes and special structures for the installation of reinforced concrete spans were assembled on the water. At the very initial stage of construction, an unexpected problem arose. The thing is that the bottom of the river is covered with a layer of boulders up to 5 meters thick. All bridges in the Dnepropetrovsk region were built on caisson foundations, which are extremely expensive to manufacture.
After examining the boulder area in detail, the bridge builders developed several types of pile tips that, in combination with powerful hammers, pushed through the granite boulders. The use of piles has significantly reduced the cost of the bridge.
Reinforced concrete blocks of structures weighing up to 50 tons were transported by watercraft. The structures were erected in winter, at a high altitude. Multi-tone blocks were mounted using a "balanced mounting" tool, and the joints were filled with epoxy glue.
In the summer of 1966, it became clear that construction was significantly behind in terms of time. The consequences could be catastrophic - soon the anniversary of the great "October". This promised a scandal on a republican scale! In this regard, it was decided not to delay the deployment of work, and to carry out work in two or even three shifts. Another difficulty that had to be faced during construction is the catastrophic shortage of bitumen. The most important component for asphalting was simply missing.
On August 26, 1966, the first reinforced concrete beam was laid, which connected both banks. The construction of the bridge has received a complete, complete look. And on October 14, 1966, preliminary tests began. 9 trucks loaded to the top drove onto the bridge, moving slowly and creating the necessary load in the spans.
On November 3, 1966, the state commission accepted the bridge into operation.
The grand opening of the bridge took place on November 5, 1966 at 15:00. Thousands of Dnepropetrovsk residents with banners, flags and placards gathered for a rally on the right bank of the Dnieper.
It is also interesting that the popular name of the New Bridge survived the official one. By the way, the "bridge named after the 50th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution" was official. Fortunately, this name did not go beyond technical documentation. The builders were in such a hurry that they opened the bridge for the 49th anniversary. Agree, it doesn't sound so hot. Another name that has appeared in the literature is "White". “White arrow, connecting both banks of the Dnieper.” Alas, the name “White” was also not to the taste of the townspeople. And tens of years after its construction, the Dnieper Central Bridge is still called "New".
The Americans will supply lethal weapons to Ukraine.
Why does the US climb into the Black Sea.
Russia is ready to show off a new attack drone.
Defender of the Fatherland Day - everything about the origins of the holiday.
The railway connection between Murmansk and the Big Land, which was interrupted after the collapse of the railway bridge across the Kola River, has been restored ...
In Murmansk today launched passenger traffic on a new railway bridge across the Kola River. The former ferry collapsed due to high water more ...
In September of this year, the Samara region received additional funding for the reconstruction of the bridge over the Sok, which made it possible to reduce ...