Cucumber: planting and care in the greenhouse and in the open field "♂

People have been actively cultivating cucumbers for a long time. However, our ancestors could not even imagine how people would grow them in the future. Today, truck farming can be safely called a science. As it has developed, many elite varieties have been created and many new methods of planting and caring for cucumbers have been mastered. They are planted in greenhouses and greenhouses of various types. The bushes are formed, tied up or allowed on the ground in the open field. In our article, we will take a closer look at the main ways of growing cucumbers.

Preparatory phase

Creating optimal conditions for caring for cucumbers from planting to harvest is what is required of an experienced gardener. Those who are just starting to grow vegetables need to get as much information as possible about this.

As always, it all starts with choosing a variety. It must necessarily correspond to the climatic conditions of your region. Each individual type of vegetable has a certain growing season and a different degree of adaptation to soil and weather conditions. For the central and southern parts of the country, thermophilic varieties with a long growing season are suitable, and for the Ural climate - early or mid-season.

It is important to immediately decide where the vegetable crop will grow. Based on this, you need to purchase the necessary materials, fertilizers, work equipment and tools for various processing of plants and greenhouses in advance. The complete cultivation process for this type of vegetable can be divided into two stages: planting cucumbers and caring for cucumbers. Before starting the discussion, let's see what seeds you can choose. The main thing is not to be mistaken with the purchase of a fruitful variety.

Selecting seeds

In order to carry out your plans for sure and not put yourself at risk of being left without a crop, you should choose several varieties of self-pollinated hybrids. In any case, one of them will bear many fruits. If you plan to organize planting and caring for cucumbers in a greenhouse, you can buy the following varieties:

  • Masha F1. Very early variety, suitable for conservation.
  • Emelya F1. Medium ripening hybrid, salad.
  • Emerald Family F1. One of the best species for winter harvesting, early maturing.
  • Moscow evenings F1. A versatile hybrid that delights with an early harvest.
  • Ekol F1. Medium early pickling variety.
  • Altai gherkin F1. An excellent cucumber for making fresh salads, early.

Planting cucumbers and care in the open field oblige you to buy seeds with a short ripening period. These are hybrids capable of producing good yields in short summer conditions. When creating elite varieties, breeders counted on the fact that they would withstand drought, increased dampness and cold snap. We suggest paying attention to several options for resistant hybrids for growing in the Urals:

  • Spring F1. One of the best pickled cucumbers, early ripening.
  • Crane F1. The hybrid is widely used in cooking, more suitable for preparing fresh salads. Ripens early.
  • Graceful. Early ripe salad variety.
  • Firefly. It has an average ripening period and is used for winter harvesting.
  • Trusted. Designed for conservation, early maturing.
  • Squad. A versatile cucumber, the first fruits of which can be used for salads, the last for pickling.

In the southern regions, experienced gardeners recommend planting cucumbers with long branchy stems. Due to the foliage, they create a kind of "roof" that protects them from direct sunlight. These include: Ant F1, Hunting Row F1, Grasshopper F1, First class F1.

Types of structures for growing cucumbers

In the Urals, cucumbers are grown in glass greenhouses, film greenhouses and in the open field. The first two methods are more rational, since they increase the likelihood of rapid growth and normal development of the culture. Some farmers practice planting and caring for cucumbers in their garden plots. However, such farming carries the risk of losing a significant portion of the fruit.

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