All summer residents and owners of personal plots try, to the best of their material and physical strength, to make their site cozy, comfortable, beautiful, so that the owners can have a pleasant rest, and friends came to visit with pleasure. In order to decorate the estate, a lot of landscape design ideas are offered: artificial reservoirs, fountains, lawns, flower beds, alpine slides - just countless. Some of these projects are costly, others are too complex, and others require a lot of space. But there is a type of landscape design that is quite rare in our country, which does not require large costs, and is not pretentious to the size and relief of the occupied space. This gravel garden is a real find for a modern summer resident, allowing them to show their imagination and skill.
Gravel has been used in landscaping for centuries. They covered paths in parks, decorated flower beds. But already in ancient times, they began to create gravel landscape compositions. These were mainly playgrounds and recreation areas. They were decorated with sculptures, decorative fountains, benches, and the entire area was covered with fine gravel. It was not only beautiful, but also made it possible to walk in the air in any weather.
Gravel gardens are especially appreciated in eastern countries. They are widely used in the design of parks and enchanting places for recreation and walking.
From the east, we received knowledge about the "dry landscape" - a unique invention of oriental masters of landscape design. Among its other varieties, the Japanese "rock gardens" stand out. These are original compositions of all kinds of stones, the main accent of which is the site, lined with gravel in the form of complex patterns of lines and circles, bearing their own philosophical meaning.
Looking at these wonderful examples of design art, you will inevitably want to create something similar on your site. Moreover, this requires such an affordable material as gravel.
You can design and build the most incredible, amazing, wonderful gravel garden thanks to the large assortment of gravel in size, shape and color that is available for sale. Having united the whole composition with a common design theme, think over all the details that should complement each other, decide what kind of gravel you use to implement your idea. Then your gravel garden will be a delightful place for you to relax at any time of the day and in any weather.
Before purchasing gravel, familiarize yourself with its properties. We want to draw your attention to the main advantages and disadvantages of gravel.
The most important property is ecological cleanliness
Environmental friendliness is the main positive property of gravel. Since it is a natural, natural material, gravel does not emit any harmful substances into the environment. And even, on the contrary, it has a beneficial effect on the soil on top of which you laid it. Gravel plays the role of a mulching material - it protects the soil from drying out, the formation of a dense crust, and temperature changes. Due to its loose structure, the gravel layer freely passes water and air through itself to the roots of plants that are planted in the ground under the gravel. If the soil is clay, then fine gravel, mixing with it, loosens the structure of the soil, which allows some types of plants to feel great in these conditions.
Adding an article to a new collection
Decorating a garden with decorative backfill is a fairly popular method in landscape design. It is both beautiful and does not require much maintenance if you know some of the subtleties.
Gravel garden, backfill - Julia mentions this technique very often and uses it in almost all her projects. Its popularity is growing every year, it will never get bored, except that the plants, shape, composition will change. But the very principle of a gravel garden, as one of the simplest landscape design techniques in the device and maintenance, according to the designer, will always be justified.
I am writing based on my own many years of experience. The first plots, small, were done for me more than 10 years ago, the last - 3 years. Among them are covered with granite crushed stone, small expanded clay, and there is a fine fraction of what is called building pebbles. Bushes, trees, ground cover grow on them and letniki are sown. Everything grows normally, stonecrop thyme grows better than on the ground. Shrub trees have common garden misfortunes, just as they do in all gardens.
I'll start with what a gravel garden does not apply to: in landscape construction, backfilling often means a gravel surface, sometimes they say "screening". This is how paths and platforms are made, such a coating should be firm, even, it is actually paving, fertile soil is taken out under it and a whole rammed "pie" of sand and gravel is arranged. The main difference is that nothing is planted on it. But my technique refers to a different type of coverage, a gravel garden is just a garden.
It can have as much greenery as you want, ornamental shrubs and trees, deciduous and coniferous, can be planted "in gravel" (quotes for a reason), and if you do not want the effect of dry stony, then almost all the gravel can be covered with bushes spreading horizontally and tightened with "pillows" and "carpets" of ground cover.
This is how the dump grows over time:
The area of the lawn that was in the upper photo to the left of the gravel meadow is now like this:
Typically, its construction manuals begin with preparing the ground. It says that the dumping area must be completely cleared of weeds, grass, etc., leveled and compacted.
I did just that with the first dumping, it was a terrible hassle, because there was a long-term lawn. I cut off a part of the sod, then I got tired and etched the other part. New areas for dumping were also under turf, there was no strength to cut it off, the workers were busy with another matter, they did not want to poison themselves or nature with herbicides, and I went all-in - I immediately put geotextiles on the low-cut turf.
Almost every owner of a private building tries to maintain order in the local area. Special attention is paid to the tracks. For their paving, materials such as tiles, red stone, and bricks are used. The formed path is not overgrown with grass, dirt accumulates on it. If you are unsure of which material to choose for a track, we recommend that you take a closer look at gravel. It has many advantages, the most significant of which is its affordable cost and naturalness. What types of gravel are there and how can I use it for paths? Let's figure it out.
Gravel is a small debris of rocks, the destruction of which occurred naturally. It is divided into several varieties depending on where it is mined:
Rock gravel is not easy to distinguish from crushed stone, which is widely used in the construction industry. Crushed stone is obtained by crushing. It is characterized by a larger fraction. Its distinctive features are sharp corners, non-smooth surface. It is used in the repair of the road surface, for the flooring of tram tracks. The following types of gravel are used in landscape design:
The crushed stone embankment layer can reach about 20 cm. For coastal gravel, this figure is 5-7 cm.
Pebble is actively used in landscape design. The size of the pebbles is maximum 5 cm. It has a smooth surface, has an oval shape with smooth edges. Pure pebbles are not capable of providing reliable coverage. The embankment from it will begin to creep underfoot, it will be difficult to walk along such a path.
The gravel is not so sharp, specimens that do not exceed 2 cm in size are suitable for a path in the garden. This type of stone contains such impurities as sand, clay, organic matter. The gravel trail dries quickly after precipitation, so there is no dirt left on it.
Gravel is not only natural. The material can be obtained artificially. The product is considered to be a waste from the processing of asphalt, concrete, and broken bricks. It has a lower cost than natural material. It is widely used to decorate garden elements. They decorate paths, ponds, flower beds, rockeries, stone gardens.
When it comes to decorating paths, use a stone with a maximum diameter of 0.5 cm.
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Gravel garden: well-groomed flower beds without constant worries.
Gravel garden: well-groomed flower beds without constant worries. A photo; device schemes If you want to have an unusual, low-maintenance garden, make gravel flower beds. White gravel enhances the beauty of the plants. Thanks to him, the garden looks well-groomed and elegant.
The gravel garden is considered a new trend in landscape design. Such a garden can make the landscape interesting and attractive.
Anyone can create a gravel garden with their own hands. This article provides step-by-step instructions for creating such a garden and, of course, many photos with examples of a garden.
Gravel gardens began to appear simultaneously in the east and west. They have a number of advantages, thanks to which they attract many people.
Site preparation for creating a garden
Such a garden will look best in an open area. Stones in the heat work as an additional heater and this must be taken into account when planting plants. Many large rocks can raise the night temperature slightly even in the area. Shady or humid places can be good for the garden.
After the location for the gravel garden has been selected and marked, the ground is prepared. To do this, remove sod with weeds to a depth of 15-20 cm. Particular attention is paid to careful weed control.
The place where the soil was removed is watered so that the remaining weeds will grow. After 7-10 days, weeding of germinating weeds is done.
In order to prevent waterlogging of the soil, it is loosened. To do this, digging is done and a baking powder is added in the form of expanded clay, granite chips, coarse sand, etc. For 1 sq. ... add 3-4 liters of baking powder. Further, the soil is compacted and covered with black geotextile with a density of at least 120 g / m
Backfilling the site