10 mistakes that will ruin your tomato seedlings

Growing tomatoes for many has become a kind of ritual with its own secrets, tricks and little tricks. This special process of observing the growth and development of plants is subject to strict and simple rules.

Some features and tricks are revealed only in the process, with experience. But it is still quite difficult to destroy seedlings with "little things". Only a violation of the basic principles of cultivation can lead to failure. Let's take a closer look at the grossest mistakes that should definitely not be allowed when growing your own tomato seedlings.

Seed soaking for too long

Many people think that the more seeds are held in nutrient solution or plain water, the better. But soaking is not germination, and with tomato seeds it is best to stick to the minimum processing rule at this stage. The optimal time for soaking in warm water is from 12 to 24 hours, and if growth stimulants are used (both industrial and "home" - honey or aloe), it is better to reduce the time to 3-12 hours.

Carelessness in soil selection

If you can really use almost any containers - from special professional containers to food containers and plastic yogurt cups, then you should not experiment with soil. The biggest mistake that can be made is to think that the quality of the land is not so important and that any one will do, even from the garden or from the park.

Healthy and strong seedlings require a quality growing environment. If the soil is mixed independently, then you need to use ingredients with proven characteristics - high-quality peat, sand, compost. But it is better to choose special ready-made professional soil mixtures with a neutral reaction, light texture and controlled characteristics, selected so as to provide the seedlings with everything they need.

Additional disinfection will not harm any substrate and will prevent many problems. For the soil for sowing tomatoes, scalding, and calcining, and watering with a solution of fungicides are suitable.

Haste

Sowing too early is the most common mistake in growing tomato seedlings, resulting in stretching, overgrowth, death from a black leg, deformation, and decreased immunity. Haste always affects the yield.

10 mistakes that will ruin your tomato seedlings

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Winter boots from the Polish brand Simen are made of genuine leather and lined with natural wool. Choose European quality from Simen!

10 mistakes that will ruin your tomato seedlings Growing tomatoes for many has become a kind of ritual with its own secrets, tricks and little tricks. This special observation process

Simple irrigation system for the site

At present, one of the leading companies in the production of garden irrigation systems for amateurs and professionals is GARDENA (Germany). The equipment of this company makes it possible to create a system for manual or automatic irrigation of plants, including drip irrigation, on the garden plot.

Instead of a stationary (underground) irrigation system for the summer period, you can assemble a simple garden branched irrigation system from components. To do this, use 3/4 "and 1/2" garden hoses, various branching pieces and connectors from standard garden irrigation kits. Since the system is designed only for the warm season, it does not require any measures to protect it from frost.

The principle of the system is simple. We take the necessary hoses for the main highways and lay them around the site - it is possible along the paths - they will interfere less when mowing the lawn. It is better to take these hoses with a larger diameter, 20-25 mm. Using various connectors and splitters, you can make bends from the main line in the desired directions. At the ends of these hoses, we attach overhead water supply columns (read more about them in the article on self-manufacturing of an automatic irrigation system) and connect short hose sections (5-6 m) of a smaller diameter (13-16 mm) to ground sprinklers with standard irrigation connectors.

It is advisable to use sprinklers with a swinging system (oscillating) or with impulse heads. They are less susceptible to clogging with mechanical impurities, so. have in their design removable filters for water purification. Ordinary rotating sprinklers work for a short time on contaminated water and simply stop rotating. Their axial couplings become clogged and the friction force increases many times over - it is not possible to wash them, and they have to be thrown away.

However, of all sprinkler designs, the most reliable are those with a change in the position of the spray head - usually it is made in the form of a disk with various nozzles extruded into it. Changing the configuration of the irrigation circuit is done simply by turning the head to the desired spray. Their design provides for the main types of irrigation areas - circles, squares, rectangles of various sizes, semicircles. By adjusting the pressure in the system, a fairly large range of irrigated areas can be obtained. Since these sprinklers have no rotating parts, there is nothing to clog or break. Their only drawbacks can be considered only the cheapness of materials and simplicity of design.

Overhead water supply columns can also be used in conjunction with a drip irrigation system - drip and oozing hoses and drip lines. The connection principle is the same as with sprinklers - short hoses with connectors. Thus, you can water both the beds and the greenhouse - place the column in the right place and connect the hose - everything is simple ...

It is possible to complicate the system a little, but simplify the work in the garden. We put the simplest controller and distributor in the "tap-hose" chain, and now automatic control of all irrigation is ready in your absence. Garden controllers are powered by 9V Krona batteries, and this battery lasts the entire season. There are solar powered models with rechargeable batteries. They are charged by the sun and can work even in cloudy weather. You simply program the start time and duration of watering, and you can go about your business - the garden will be watered on time. If you connect a rain or soil moisture sensor to this controller, then in the rain the system will be turned off and will start its work only after the sensor dries out or the soil moisture drops to the desired value.

The drip irrigation system can also be controlled using controllers that allow you to have up to 6 switches per day with a range from 1 minute to 9 hours for each irrigation. By connecting soil moisture sensors to the programmer, fully automatic control of all irrigation is possible. Drip equipment consists of a large number of droppers for various purposes and productivity, micro-sprinklers, drip irrigation hoses that can be buried to a depth of 30 cm when used in the garden. Micro-drip hoses are usually used when watering garden plants, which are contraindicated or limited to watering from above - many delicate garden flowers. One of the latest innovations of the company is the “Quick & Easy” system for fast attachment of drip system elements to hoses.

Additionally, you can point out the advantages of installing a drip irrigation system for plants on the site or in the house. This is a big water saving when irrigating, more accurate dosage according to the needs of the plants, compared to manual irrigation. The effect of the drip system is especially noticeable in greenhouses, where excess moisture in the air - especially when growing tomatoes - is harmful. And the comfort inside the greenhouse with dry paths is much higher. It is possible to program watering at night when plant evaporation is minimal and the cost of water resources can be lower. In the presence of large areas and a variety of plantings, manual watering can be problematic due to the impossibility of even distribution of water over the beds and flower beds. Also, the presence of a drip irrigation system significantly increases the prestige of the site itself.

The approximate installation time for a simple garden irrigation system on the site can be 2-4 days from the moment of marking the irrigation scheme to connecting to a water supply and testing the system.

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