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These acts of self-expression were often filled with fear and aggression, reflecting widespread anxiety and trauma in society after the war and a desire to escape reality into a higher realm. From the gesture painting of Jackson Pollock and Helen Frankenthaler to the quivering emotional resonance of Mark Rothko, we explore five of the deepest paintings that have defined Abstract Expressionism. But first, let's take a look at the history that paved the way.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Europe was a seething epicenter of international art trends, but that was about to change. Revolutionary ideas from Europe began to spread to the United States during the 1930s, first through a series of survey exhibitions that glorified avant-gardeism, including Dadaism and Surrealism, and then followed by personal presentations by artists including Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky. But it was precisely when artists began emigrating from Europe to the United States during the war, including Hans Hoffmann, Salvador Dali, Arshile Gorky, Max Ernst, and Piet Mondrian, that their ideas really began to take hold.
The most influential was the German artist Hans Hoffmann. Working side by side with Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Henri Matisse, he was well placed to spread fresh ideas across the continent. The surreal art of Max Ernst and Salvador Dali, which focused on expressing the inner mind, also undoubtedly influenced the emergence of Abstract Expressionism.
Along with these influences from Europe, in the United States, many artists who became Abstract Expressionists began their careers painting large-scale figurative, public art murals influenced by Socialist Realism and the regionalist movement. This experience taught them how to create art based on personal experience and gave them the skills to work on a massive scale. Jackson Pollock, Lee Krasner and Willem de Kooning were among the first to create a new brand of ambitious, expressive American painting that made a huge impact first in New York and then spread throughout the United States. By the late 1940s, all eyes were on the United States, where a bold and new style of art spoke of uncharted creativity and freedom, powerful emotional expression and the dawn of a new era.
The work of the famous New York artist Jackson Pollock, The Yellow Islands, 1952, embodies the artist's innovative style of "action painting", the thread of abstract expressionism, which involved all the forces of the artist in its creation, closely linking him with performance. This work belongs to Pollock's series of black pourings, in which he applied drops of diluted paint on a canvas lying flat on the floor, moving his hands, creating a series of rhythmic patterns. The paint lines up in a series of intricate and intricate spider webs that overlap to create depth, movement and space.
The work done directly on the floor allowed Pollock to walk around the painting, creating what he called the "arena." In the future, unlike in earlier work, the artist used a clever move, lifting the canvas vertically to allow the paint to flow to the center, thereby creating depth and texture.
Desert Moon by American artist Lee Krasner, 1955, was made as one of a series of mixed works that combined collage and painting into a single image, influenced by European ideas in Cubist and Dadaist art. Like many abstract expressionists, Krasner was prone to self-destruction, and she often ripped or cut old paintings and used the broken fragments to create new images. This process allowed her to combine clean lines and white streaks of cut or torn edges with liquid and sticky pictorial marks.
Wall painting in the interior. Wall murals are already in the distant past and they were replaced by painting on the wall. It looks nice, fresh and modern. Handmade drawing is unique and this is its value.
The painting differs in material and type.
1. Very few can afford drawings to order. When choosing a drawing, you should think it over well, as it will remain on the wall for a long time.
2. With the help of wall pictures, you can visually change the shape of the room, make it wider and taller.
3. The painting is unique and therefore beautiful. It is not recommended to clutter up the walls with additional decorations, such as paintings. If wall decor is needed, it is best to place it on the opposite wall.
4. The drawing must be appropriate. It is important to choose a plot based on color, interior style and personal taste preferences.
With its help, the artist will professionally and accurately draw a beautiful drawing that will be a masterpiece. With an airbrush, you can clearly draw lines and transitions. Using a spray gun, you can create a panorama or abstraction on the wall.