Kazimir Malevich is a world-class artist, whose paintings occupy the first places in recognition. The founder of Suprematism and one of the founders of abstract art A Malevich was born in Kiev, and many stages of his life were closely associated with this city. The journalists of 44.ua decided to tell what the legendary artist remembered to the world, in what periods he lived in Kiev, and how he called himself Ukrainian.
Kazimir Malevich was born in Kiev on February 23 (or 11), 1879, in the family of Severin and Ludvika Malevich. It was a Polish-Ukrainian Catholic family. It is believed that he was born at st. Bouillon, 15, in the Goloseevsky district of the capital. Now the house has not survived, but the street now bears the name of Kazimir Malevich. There is another version that he was born on Zhilyanskaya Street, in the house of Maria Orzhekhovskaya's aunt, but this house has not been there for a long time.
Kazimir did not live in Kiev for a long time, because his father worked as an engineer in sugar production, and the family constantly moved to the regions. Until the age of 17, the artist lived in the Podolsk province, in the Kharkov region, as well as in the Chernigov region, in the village of Vovchok and the city of Konotop (now the Sumy region). The family lived there in 1894-95. It is believed that it was in this city that the future artist began to engage in amateur painting.
In 1895-1897, Kazimir Malevich returned to Kiev, where he studied drawing with Nikolai Pimonenko at the Kiev Drawing School.
At the beginning of the 20th century, in 1904, Malevich moved to Moscow, where he continued to improve his skills, learning from outstanding artists. There he also begins to participate in exhibitions and present his works. By 1915, Malevich became one of the founders of abstract art. And it was marked by an exhibition held in St. Petersburg.
December 7, 1915 is considered the date the first performance of the "Black Square". The exhibition was called "0.10". 0 is the starting point of the new beginning of the era of Suprematism. And 10 - the number of artists participating in the exhibition.
Later Malevich taught at the Vitebsk school, was the director of the Institute of Artistic Culture in Leningrad, but the onset of Soviet power was marked by the beginning of repressions against artists. Therefore, with the assistance of the Ukrainian Soviet party leader Nikolai Skrypnyk, in 1927, Malevich moved to Kiev again. Thanks to Skripnik, he has normal working conditions here.
In the period from 1927 to 1930, Kazimir Malevich teaches at the Kiev Art Institute. But this does not last long, since the repressions begin already on the territory of Ukraine. Then Malevich was forced to move to Leningrad again. The situation there was not much better, so the artist decides to move to Europe.
Repressions of the USSR and Malevich-Ukrainets