In the arsenal of doctors there are many terms that are not clear to most patients. Therefore, having received a conclusion on the performed spermogram with a diagnosis of "normozoospermia" or "normospermia", the man and his partner have many questions - is it normal and whether it is possible to conceive a child with such a diagnosis. Let's look at all these issues in order.
There are not many situations in which a man may need to donate sperm for analysis. This usually happens when a couple is unable to conceive and see a doctor for help. The doctor needs to assess not only the female reproductive health, but also the condition of the male, because about 40% of all cases of family infertility are associated with just such a factor. A man is assigned a spermogram.
Suppose that the results after the laboratory test indicate "normospermia", this means that all the criteria for the sperm and germ cells of a man are normal. There is no doubt about the fertility of this patient.
If the results indicate "normozoospermia" - this means that the parameters in general and in general are also normal, but doctors do not give any guarantee that a man is able to conceive a child, since the study was carried out according to a simplified scheme.
If, with normozoospermia, it is impossible to conceive a child, in about half of the cases, a more expanded spermogram usually reveals certain fertility disorders. It is difficult for laypersons to understand why this is happening, but let's try to figure it out.
When carrying out a standard spermogram, 4 main parameters of male germ cells - spermatozoa are assessed in the laboratory:
If all these parameters are normal, a diagnosis of normozoospermia is established.
But in addition to these four parameters, there are other properties of ejaculate, and deviations in them may well affect conception.
For example, increased viscosity makes conception more difficult because the speed of movement spermatozoa decreases, and high acidity makes it difficult for the "live" to survive in the rather aggressive environment of the female genital tract.
That is why with normozoospermia, no one gives guarantees that a man will be able to become a father.
If you make a more extended spermogram with an assessment of all additional parameters, then in the absence of problems the man will be diagnosed with normospermia. If certain negative changes are found in the sperm, which is generally characterized as ejaculate with the preservation of physical characteristics, then the conclusion will describe what kind of normozoospermia was found in a man.
With such normozoospermia, there is a "sticking" of germ cells to each other due to the presence of antisperm antibodies.