Lying is a common communicative phenomenon in the modern world. Scientific research and polls show that people lie on a daily basis. However, deceiving every day, people do not know how to understand that a person is lying.
Only a "professional" liar and manipulator knows how to regulate his behavior so that others do not reveal his deception. Psychologists and physiognomists know how to determine a lie by observing a person. But everyone can learn to recognize deception.
There are many definitions of lies. In logic, a lie is the opposite of truth, a statement obviously not corresponding to the truth. In everyday life, a lie is called a deception realized by a person.
In psychology, a lie is a deliberate attempt to form in another person a belief that the speaker himself considers to be incorrect. Deliberately telling lies is a kind of communication tactic chosen in a specific situation.
There are three types of lies in psychotherapy: untruth, lies and deception. To this day, scientists are trying to understand if there is a difference between these concepts. Untruth is a delusion, a person believes in what he says, but his opinion turns out to be wrong. That is, a person does not realize that he is wrong and deceives unintentionally. This may be due to a lack of knowledge or misinterpretation of a situation.
A deliberate distortion of information is considered a lie. In everyday life, jokes and metaphors should not be considered lies. So, for example, it would be wrong to take literally the proverb:
The tale is not a lie since the author is not trying to pass off what he has written as true. But is a lie always a negative phenomenon? There are situations in which words depend more on circumstances than on people. For example, should the pilot of a plane crash tell passengers the truth? Should a son tell a mother who has cancer that he is incurable himself? sick?
A half-truth can be called a deception, when a person does not report all the facts he knows with the expectation that the second person will draw incorrect conclusions (but those that are beneficial to the deceiver). Not always a half-truth can be called a deception. If a girl honestly admits to her friend that she cannot give out all the information about a particular case, this will not be considered cheating.
A lie is sometimes compared to a lie. In no case should this be done. A liar, just like a deceiver, tries to meaningfully confuse and distort the truth, to evade responsibility. Of course, not out of good intentions, the liar is spinning, as in a frying pan, but again, to hide from retaliation or to deceive when trying to steal and, even worse, lead on the wrong track. And the lie is just the harmless chatter of dreamers. Although a false statement in religion can be interpreted as a great sin.