Lesia Ukrainka - 150: interesting facts from the life of a classic of Ukrainian literature

Ivan Franko himself called this fragile woman "the only man in all literary Ukraine".

February 25 marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of the Ukrainian poetess, writer, translator Lesia Ukrainka. Focus has prepared the most interesting facts from the life of the classic of Ukrainian literature.

Kissed by God

Larisa Kosach was born on February 25, 1871 in the family of the descendants of a Cossack foreman. Her mother, Olga Dragomanova-Kosach, was a famous Ukrainian writer (pseudonym Elena Pchilka) who actively participated in the women's movement and published the almanac "The First Wreath". The father of the future poetess, Petr Kosach, is a lawyer, public figure, and a high-ranking official. He was very fond of art, in particular literature and painting, and writers and artists often gathered in his house for creative evenings.

The girl took over from her parents love for art and thirst for knowledge. She showed early musical talent: she sang and played the piano. And if it were not for the illness that chained her to the bed as a child, she might have become a famous composer.

At the age of 4, Lesya learned to read, and she wrote her first poem "Nadezhda" at the age of 9. There is an opinion that the work came from the pen of a girl near the entrance tower in the castle of Lubart in Lutsk under an ash tree, which is popularly called "Lesin". Last year, a storm broke this 200-year-old tree.

"-years war"

On January 19, 1881 Lesya caught a bad cold. She went to the Styr River to see how the water was blessed. Due to the fact that many people gathered on the ice, water began to accumulate on top of it. The boots, in which the girl was, got wet, her legs were very cold. Soon she fell ill, and most of all she complained of pain in her right leg. They were so strong that the brave and patient girl even cried. She was treated for acute rheumatism with ointments and baths, and the pain subsided for several years. However, according to experts, it was then that she began to have tuberculosis, the fight against which she called the "30-year war."

She was officially diagnosed with bone tuberculosis in the summer of 1883. At the age of 10, the girl underwent surgery to remove the diseased bones, after which both her arms and right leg were in a cast. With the fingers of her only free foot, she learned to play the piano, which is now in the museum of the village of Kolodyazhnoe, Kovel district, Volyn region.

As for the ailment, after the operation, the disease spread to the lungs, and then to the kidneys.

The kitchen is a special area. It simultaneously performs purely utilitarian, practical functions, such as a bathroom or a pantry, and is a place for a comfortable, emotional rest for the whole family. It is not for nothing that the kitchen is called the soul, the heart of any home. Even earlier, the hearth located in the kitchen was associated with the family, the blessing of ancestors. And today we have special feelings for the kitchen. Where are we in a hurry to share the painful? Where can you grab a piece of something delicious and delicious before dinner? What room in the house gives off a special coziness and warmth? Of course, all this is a kitchen!

A careful approach to artificial lighting is required to harmoniously combine different functional areas, to make the kitchen both cozy and comfortable to work with. It is it that plays a leading role in ensuring indoor comfort. After all, the advantages of the most sophisticated household appliances and a magnificent, expensive kitchen set come to naught in dim, insufficient lighting. Moreover, with a lack of light, the safety of people working and in the kitchen suffers, and traumatic situations are created.

How to arrange the lighting fixtures in the kitchen? What kind of lamps are right for you? What do you need to know when starting installation? What mistakes are made in the process of work? Our experts will tell you about all this.

Where to start

Installation of artificial lighting in the kitchen begins with design, even at the construction stage or at the very beginning of major repairs and redevelopment. Before doing the layout, you need to know exactly the following positions:

  • what functional zones the room is divided into and how many there will be;
  • where the kitchen set and dining table will be located;
  • how many worktops planned;
  • whether the bar counter will be equipped.

According to the rules, each zone is highlighted separately, including the sink and work surfaces.

The possibilities of proper lighting are truly endless!

  • Competently located, carefully selected according to the strength of the light flux, the lamps do not make you strain your eyes, having a beneficial effect on their health.
  • Create the desired, favorable impression of the entire interior as a whole.
  • Luminous fluxes are able to highlight the dignity of the room and smooth out the flaws in the layout, expand and adjust the space.
  • Good light stimulates appetite, promotes positive mood and good spirits.

Those days when the whole room was lit by a single light bulb, enclosed in a standard glass shade, or a 2-3 horn chandelier, are gone. The secret of modern, very comfortable and beautiful kitchens is in multi-level lighting using the entire rich arsenal of lighting fixtures. Modern kitchens are divided into at least two functional areas - a working and a dining room. Depending on the area of ​​the premises and practical necessity, there can be three or five sites. Each of them needs an appropriate design.

Magic Light: Secrets of Professional Designers

Multi-level lighting is not only about the most comfortable cooking. It allows you to create a unique interior design that reveals the habits and lifestyle of the family. In addition, a variety of lamps allow you to adjust the level of illumination of the kitchen, creating a bright illumination, or plunging it into the twilight for a romantic date by candlelight.

When planning the location of the luminaires, you should heed the advice of experts.

We hope you enjoy the products that we are happy to recommend to you in your article today. The most popular and necessary kitchen appliances and accessories - we will tell you about all this today! Keep reading our article further!

A storage container that keeps your food fresh

The main advantage of this container is that it can keep your food fresh for much longer. You can store fruits, vegetables, leftover salad and so on in it.

Oven for cooking eggs in any way

If you love hard-boiled, soft-boiled, boiled or fried eggs, then this stove is a must-have for you in the kitchen.

She saves time, and you do not have to constantly stand next to her, because when the dish is ready, the timer will beep.

Spray for cleaning surfaces

This spray will help you to easily clean every corner of your apartment and make it spotlessly clean.

Reusable Silicone Bag

Reusable silicone bag in which you can either steam vegetables, or use it to freeze fruits, or just as a convenient container.

It's dishwasher and microwave safe, so don't worry about ruining it.

Kuksa from willow wood, spoon - birch. Soaked in several layers of linseed oil and wax mastic.

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