How to change the oil in the automatic transmission yourself

Actually, the word "pie" itself comes from the Old Russian "feast" and indicates that no solemn feast was complete without them. Yuri Strekalovsky knows what a "feast in the mountains" is and shares home-made, tried and tested recipes for Russian pies.


Poles make "kasha" - blood sausage with porridge, and they are doing the right thing. But we know the answer: this is a pastry, a pie made of yeast dough stuffed with crumbly porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal or rice), on top of which thin slices of salted fish are placed tightly, the name of the filling is "nakrepok", that is, fixed, as if pulled together by fish layers porridge, and gave the name to this pie widespread in the Pskov and Tver regions.


The old name for pies made on the principle of "leftovers are sweet". If from yesterday's hearty, fast-paced dinner there were half-eaten pieces of fish or meat (in the old days called "vekoshya"), which, of course, it is a pity to throw away, but they already look unsightly and the dining table obviously will not decorate, the zealous hostess rolled out a piece of dough and stuffed it with all kinds of the overwhelmed food, put it in the oven, and it turned out to be a wonderful dish for dinner. Does it look a lot like pizza in appearance and production? Well, we are not offended by the Italians.


One of the oldest Russian pies, where the berry was not put into the filling, but, after drying it, was ground into a powder, brewed with boiling water in a gruel-puree, on which the dough from rye flour, sugar was kneaded with this was not put and baked in the form of a thick flat cake without filling.

Yarn pouches

These are such triangular pies made of steep dough kneaded in vegetable oil with a filling of cheese, eggs or jam, which was placed in only one corner.

The flour was sifted, the tough dough was kneaded, adding water, a tablespoon of oil and salt, they gave it a "rest" for half an hour, and then from thinly rolled dough, they cut out cakes, which were filled with filling, pinched with a triangle and oil.

Ah, you don't know what yarn is? Excuse me: this is one of the most ancient types of frying in Russian cuisine. We can say that this is a Russian version of deep-frying, only the product does not "float" in fat, but is cooked in contact with the surface of the pan, half-immersed in pre-calcined oil.

Stylish coloring allows you to refresh the image and make it more stylish and attractive. Today, in addition to the usual monochromatic dyeing, techniques that suggest the use of several tones are very common. In the material we will tell you about the most popular types of staining.


Balayage is undoubtedly in the first place. Many women have already tried it. And some have tried to do the staining on their own. Of course, it is quite difficult to create a beautiful transition with your own hands, so it is always better to contact the master.

Balayage is an extrusion of color from dark to light, that is, dark roots and light ends are present in the staining. The technique is very difficult, since the master himself determines the moment of the transition, which turns out to be very smooth and natural.


A very cute name for the technique allows you to create an attractive look of hair. The basis was the usual highlighting together with balayazh. The result is a very rich overflow of shades that play excellently in the sun. Coloring is done on thin, thick, dark and light hair. For every lady there is a suitable version of the baby light.


The play of shades, various colors and a rich basic tone allows you to create a very beautiful and stylish hair look. Coloring, in contrast to highlighting, assumes the presence of two or more diverse shades, and it is not necessary that they be related. If you want to create an individual look, then it is the coloring that will add a special zest to the image.

Latent coloring

Recently, ladies have increasingly begun to choose interesting looks, for this they use a novelty in the world of dyeing - a secret technique. Its essence lies in the fact that the main tone of the hair will be natural, and a real rainbow is hidden under the bottom. Thanks to hidden dyeing, you can change your image every day.

Painting eggs for Easter is not only a tradition that must be cultivated so that it does not get lost, it is also great fun for the whole family, and it is a great pleasure. Therefore, it will be nice to sit with children and create the most beautiful Easter eggs that you can eat for the holiday. Easter eggs are one of the original and ancient traditions associated with the celebration of Easter. Decorative eggs symbolize nature and hope that comes alive. You can decorate Easter eggs in different ways. Introducing sustainable ways to paint Easter eggs that adults and kids will love.

Eco-friendly ways to paint Easter eggs

Are you looking for an original idea of ​​how to paint eggs for Easter? There are all kinds of home remedies for decorating and coloring eggs. It turns out that coloring eggs isn't that hard, even for kids. If you want to cook Easter eggs this way, it is best to use completely white eggs.

Coloring Easter eggs with paper napkins

The decoupage technique or napkin gluing is a simple and very popular way of decorating, which can be used to decorate anything. Why not Easter eggs? Many hardworking housewives who prefer handicrafts have already tried the technology and proudly exhibit their “works of art” on the Internet.

If you have no experience in decoupage technique, then it is not necessary to test your new knowledge about easy-breaking Easter eggs. For example, it is best to decorate wooden or plastic eggs with napkins. Perhaps for this purpose, you can "donate" a wooden box. Or look for other suitable items to take the first steps in your new hobby. Only in this case, you should use different adhesives.

There are such cool napkins on the market with different patterns that are used specifically for decoupage (but, of course, not only for this). We take only the top layer of the napkin on which the drawing is applied.

It is better to use egg white for gluing a napkin on a boiled egg. This is an easy and sustainable way to paint Easter eggs. Then such an egg can be safely used for food.

  • Boil eggs, cool in cold water and wipe dry. The next step is to separate the protein from the raw egg. Place the egg whites in a small bowl and the yolk in another (we won't need it). Stir the egg whites well.
  • Choose some pretty, special napkins to start painting the eggs. We cut out the motif from the napkin, trying to do it as accurately as possible. Or we take part of a napkin with a pattern.
  • Use a brush to paint over the egg with a layer of egg white. Then, using part of the napkin, wrap it around the egg. Add another layer of egg white on top of the napkin. Do this until you have covered the entire egg with a napkin.
  • If you are using only a cut pattern, then the egg white should be applied to the size of the cut motif, then glue it very well to the egg with a brush moistened with egg white.
  • If the other half of the egg dries up while gluing the napkin to the egg with a brush moistened with egg white, you need to reapply the egg white and only then glue the napkin.
  • Let the eggs dry for about 60 minutes and you're done! You painted eggs using napkin technique, environmentally friendly and extraordinarily beautiful technique.

Decorating Easter eggs with tissue or crepe paper

A much simpler decoupage option is pasting with cut colored napkins or tissue paper. The decorating method is very simple. You will need 2-3 colors plain paper napkins. They should be cut into small squares of the same size. Cover the whole egg with egg white and glue the square pieces one by one.

This is how we get a modern version of decoupage. In the same way, you can decorate eggs using crepe (corrugated) paper.

This method involves covering the entire surface of the egg with pieces of damp crepe or tissue paper.

How to change automatic transmission oil yourself

In a new car with a modern automatic transmission, oil change is not required, the box is designed for the entire period of its operation, therefore, the filler neck may not be found. As for not entirely new models, it is worth noting that oil changes cannot be avoided. And in order to obtain a guarantee of the long-term performance of the box, this will have to be done with the frequency established by the manufacturer.

Will it be an independent oil change in an automatic transmission or contact a specialized auto center, it's up to you. According to existing standards, this should be done at least every 50 thousand kilometers, and in urban operating conditions it is recommended to shorten this period.

How many liters of oil are there in the automatic gearbox?

How much oil to fill in the automatic gearbox and CVT with a complete replacement

It is widely believed that the volume of oil in an automatic transmission is equal to twice the volume of oil in the engine. However, it is wrong to determine the displacement of the automatic transmission in this way, because in some models of cars the automatic transmission contains less ATF.

The average volume of oil in a classic automatic transmission is 6-8 liters. There are modifications that hold about 9 liters, they can be found on large-sized powerful machines. As a rule, if the engine in the car is more than 2.5 liters, then the automatic transmission will hold 9 liters of oil.

Why does automatic transmission require so much oil? The answer is simple.

  • Torque converter type automatic transmission needs good cooling. Part of the oil, about 2 liters, during the operation of the automatic transmission is transferred to the torque converter, the set of gears and the pumping station also need 3-4 liters of fluid. Through the radiator and the line, the oil moves back to the gearbox, losing another 2 liters. Total - 2 + 4 + 2 = 8 liters.

These are approximate figures, you can accurately determine the amount of transmission fluid in the automatic transmission, knowing the dimensions of the torque converter, radiator and main hoses. The larger they are, the correspondingly more oil is needed when changing.

  • The variator also includes a radiator, a line, but it does not have a torque converter. The absence of this element contributes to the fact that the oil in the variator needs to be poured 1-2 liters less than in a conventional automatic transmission.

Rowing recursion! A little more - and we will finally loop, and there is no one to press Ctrl + Break. After reading about a dozen nostalgisms and memoirs about the end of the millennium, I myself remembered "how it really was." There is nothing about it, although I want to. In the first grade, he also took over the Soviet format of education, even in October they initiated it. Then everything collapsed, revealing the rotten void of the grown Soviet tree. Somehow imperceptibly, but confidently, people began to change: locks appeared on the doors, my sister and I already began to wait by the road for a milk tanker that was buying milk - before that we just put 2-3 three-liter cans of milk on a hillock by the road, and in lunch was taken away empty with a coin (2.50) inside. (I myself once found shards instead of cans, after which I had to change the order). Loeb was brought to our village at 0.5 loaves per person, even though we knew that a neighbor who works in a store was feeding piglets with bread. They knew that there was a "delivery" in the store only because the neighbor's son ate sweets or a watermelon on the porch. But we could endure, we could postpone mom and dad one of the three candy that everyone got when grandmother came. We could even treat the neighbor's ghoul son with a watermelon, who did not share anything, although he always lived in abundance. This is how we were brought up. All six. In the village. In the hungry 90s.

We also had real joys. We had sledges on steep corners in winter, they were big from spring to autumn, we could make "wheelies" (a huge gear wheel on a handle with a handle that can drive even on high obstacles, you can dig the ground and break something fragile). In the garage, we could always find a whole bunch of "bearings" (balls from a bearing) of different sizes. Believe it or not, we could go to the river and swim until we blue in the face, and on the way back pick up the berries we wanted.

I perfectly understand this mechanism: it is always easier for children to go through difficult periods, because they do not really know how it can and should be. And my parents knew everything and dragged, gritting their teeth, in a constant search for solutions and opportunities, all the time thinking about what to feed the horde. And pulled out. No whining or complaints. And their hardening is Soviet, so I shouldn't be lying about the "rotten emptiness of the Soviet tree" - this rot is not in the state system, but in the insides of a person who does not want to notice it.

PS: When maman was pregnant with one of her younger sisters, she walked to a neighboring village 9 kilometers away, where she worked as the head of the post office. She has a third group of disabilities - since childhood, 4 operations on her leg and pain for life. Yes @ MamanX6?

TS takes this word in quotes, and then writes everything correctly!

Deaf parents

Hello everyone! Here a friend in the comments asked me to tell about my parents and my childhood. I am not sorry, but I hope you will be interested. Go.

My mom was born prematurely at 7 months. And as a result of a medical error, she lost her hearing (now I can't say exactly why, since my mother did not understand this issue, and the grandparents are no longer alive). Mom has an older and younger sister, they both hear.

Dad was born on time, but with such a disease. The father in the family line has already met cases when children with hearing problems (hearing impaired people) were born. Dad has an older sister, he hears perfectly and speaks, like all of us.

The parents met at a boarding school for deaf and dumb children. Their training lasted 12 years (12 classes), if it is interesting, I can write separately about training in the boarding school.

They were given basic knowledge - to write, count. But they write with mistakes - punctuation, declensions, they can confuse gender and plural. There are a lot of words that they do not understand and they have to explain. I am not a speech therapist and I cannot explain exactly where such errors come from, but as I understand it, for correct speech it is also necessary to hear words and sounds.

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