Swarming bees is a natural phenomenon that can be controlled

Swarming bees from a biological point of view

After the swarm leaves, the family is still susceptible to re-swarming. It still contains part of the brood, larvae and bees, which are at different stages of development.

The main reason why bees swarm is in the queen. If she does not release pheromones in sufficient quantities, then many tinder bees appear. As a result, individuals neglect their responsibilities related to the construction of new combs. It also negatively affects the establishment of queen cells by bees.

In addition, there are other factors in this phenomenon:

  • poor ventilation of the hives;
  • old queen;
  • “great number” of bee brood in the family;
  • socket expansion too late.

The swarm emerges 8-9 days after the queen lays eggs in bowls. By that time, the mother liquors of the first batch were already sealed. Bad weather can trap insects with disastrous consequences. Then, together with the old uterus, the young ones who have just emerged from the queen cells fly away.

However, many are interested in specific dates: when and in what month the bees swarm.

As the famous beekeeper N.M. Vitvitsky wrote, bees are engaged in a "wedding feast" at the best time of collecting nectar. Usually all this action begins in the second half of May and ends towards the end of July.

When a beekeeper becomes an agent

Observing bee colonies does not always help the beekeeper determine when the insects "escape" from the hives. Hymenoptera preparing for dispersal usually fly out less often in search of nectar or pollen. Whole clusters of insects are visible near the arrival dock or the summer house. However, it is impossible to call all this a sign of swarming bees, because strong families are also dormant when the combs are overflowing with honey or bee bread. In hot weather, such bending near the summer house allows insects to maintain normal temperature conditions in the hive, contributing to the full development of the brood and the maturation of honey. Therefore, the best way to determine the danger is to carefully examine the nests.

So, in beekeeping, signs of swarming of bees are considered:

  • Laying decline. The uterus becomes significantly thinner, it becomes much easier, so it is able to fly away.
  • The presence of queen cells with larvae floating in the uterine milk. They are often found on the edges of the frames.
  • Age of larvae. Usually the family releases the first swarm after the queen cells are sealed. Typically, this occurs 8-9 days after the uterus has laid eggs in the bowls. Hymenoptera rebuild up to 10 or more such queen cells.
  • Termination of honeycomb construction. A significant amount of drone brood appears in the family - an increase in inactive insects.

Preparatory work for the subsequent resettlement begins 2 weeks before the start of nectar production. This time should be used and properly disposed of.

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